湖北快3

湖北快3>检索页>当前

致敬高校的科研工作者

发布时间:2020-01-11 来源:中国教育报

绿色造纸护绿水青山

——访2019年度国家科技进步奖一等奖获得者陈克复团队

通讯员 邹浩 张征 黎鉴远 本报记者 刘盾

GUOQU,FEISHUILIANGDA、WURANWUNANCHULIDENGWENTI,ZHANGQIKUNRAOZHEWOGUOZHIJIANGZAOZHIXINGYE。ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHI、HUANANLIGONGDAXUEJIAOSHOUCHENKEFUDAILINGTUANDUIYUXINGYELONGTOUQIYEHEZUO,YIQIYECHUANGXINWEIZHUTI,ZHELIYANFAZHIJIANGZAOZHIQINGJIESHENGCHANYUSHUIWURANQUANGUOCHENGKONGZHIJISHU,ZHUTUIWOGUOZAOZHIXINGYEZHUANXINGSHENGJI,ZOUSHANGLELVSEFAZHANDAOLU。YONG“KECHUANGXINGHUO”TUIDONGZAOZHIYE“LAOSHUFAXINYA、KAIXINHUA、JIEXINGUO”,CHENKEFUTUANDUIDEYANJIUCHENGGUOWEIJIANGDIZAOZHIXINGYESHUIWURAN、DAFUDUJIANSHAOWURANWUPAIFANGZUOCHULETUCHUGONGXIAN,TUIDONGLEWOGUOZAOZHIYEKUAISUJIANKANGFAZHAN。JINRI,GAITUANDUIYANFADEZHIJIANGZAOZHIQINGJIESHENGCHANYUSHUIWURANQUANGUOCHENGKONGZHIGUANJIANJISHUJICHANYEHUAXIANGMU,HUODE2019NIANDUGUOJIAKEJIJINBUJIANGYIDENGJIANG。

向造纸行业“拦路虎”宣战

ZHONGGUOSHIZAOZHISHUDEDANSHENGDI,RANER,DANGDAIDEZHONGGUOZAOZHIXINGYEQUECENGZHANGQIXIANRUDAERBUQIANGDEKUNJING,BUFENGUANJIANZHIBIAOLUOHOUYUFADAGUOJIA。

“ZAOZHISHUFAMINGYIYOUJIN2000NIANLE,DANGCHUCAILUNFAMINGDEZHIJIANGZAOZHIFANGFABAOKUO9GEBUZHOU,ZUIZHONGJIANGXIANWEIYUANLIAOZUOCHENGZHI。”CHENKEFUSHUO,SUIRANSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHUJIANSHIXIANLEJIXIEHUA、ZIDONGHUA,DANJINJINZAIQIANXIENIAN,WOGUODEZAOZHIJIBENGONGYIGUOCHENGHAISHIGEN2000NIANQIANCHABUDUO。

“CHUANTONGZAOZHIFANGFAYOUZHEGAOWURAN、GAOHAONENGDEWENTI。WURAN、HAOSHUI、HAONENGZHEISANZHI‘LANLUHU’,CENGZHANGQIZHIYUEZHEWOGUOZAOZHIXINGYESHIXIANGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。”CHENKEFUJULISHUO,2011NIANWOGUOZHIHEZHIBANCHANLIANGDAJINYIYIDUN,JUSHIJIEDIYI。DANZAOZHIYEFEISHUIHECOD(HUAXUEXUYANGLIANG)PAIFANGLIANG,FENBIEZHANQUANGUOGONGYEPAIFANGZONGLIANGDE1/5HE1/4,GAOJUBANGSHOU。

ZAOCHUBAIZHIQUEWURANLESHUI,ZAOZHIYEDAISHANGLE“WURANDAHU”DEMAOZI。GUOJIACENGDUOCIZHUANXIANGZHENGZHIZAOZHIZHEIYIZHONGDIANPAIWUXINGYE,YAOQIUYANKONGFEISHUIHECODPAIFANGLIANG。ZENYANGJIZAOCHUZHIYOUSHOUHUHAOLVSHUIQINGSHAN?ZHEISHICHENKEFUYIZHIZAISIKAODEWENTI。

ZUOWEIWOGUOZAOZHILINGYUSHOUWEIGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHI,CHENKEFUJUEDINGDAILINGTUANDUIGONGKEZHEIDAOCHANYENANTI,XIANG“LANLUHU”XUANZHAN。

帮造纸企业“增产不增污”

ZI2006NIANQI,SHANDONGTAIYANGZHIYEJIUHECHENKEFUTUANDUIJIANLILEZHANGQIHEZUOGUANXI,SHUANGFANGGONGJIANTAIYANGZHIYEYUANSHIGONGZUOZHAN。ZICI,GAIGONGSIKEJIYANFASHISHANGLE“KUAICHEDAO”。2018NIAN,TAIYANGZHIYEYINGYEZONGSHOURUMAIGUO500YIYUANMENJIAN,JIANGZHICHANLIANG631WANDUN,CHONGJINSHIJIEZAOZHIYE20QIANG。ZAIXINJISHUJIACHIXIA,TAIYANGZHIYEDEFAZHANZHENGSHIXIANCONGLIANGDEZENGZHANGZHUANXIANGZHIDETISHENG。SHISHISHANG,ZHEIZHISHICHENKEFUTUANDUINULITUIDONGCHANXUEYANYONGYITIHUA,JIANGKEYANCHENGGUOZHUANHUAWEIQIYECHUANGXINFAZHAN“LIQI”DESUOYING。

GUOQU,ZAOZHIQIYEDERONGJIEJIANGSHENGCHANDOUSHIYIJIANXIEGONGYIWEIZHU。GAIGONGYIBUDANWURANFUHEDA,HAICUNZAIYUANLIAOXIAOHAODUO、CHANPINZHILIANGBUWENDING、YUNXINGCHENGBENGAODENGWENTI。LIANXUSHUIJIEZHENGZHUJISHURANGZHUDUOWENTIYINGRENERJIE,DANYUANLAIYIZHITINGLIUZAILUNWENYANJIUJIEDUAN。

SHINIANMOYIJIAN。CHENKEFUTUANDUIJIYUDUONIANDEGONGCHENGSHIJIANJINGYAN,YANFACHULEXIANWEIYUANLIAOZUFENLIANXUFENLIJISHU,BINGJIELIANGONGKEHUAXUEJIANGLIANXUZHENGZHUZHIHUANTUOMUSUJISHU、HUAJIJIANGFEISHUIZIYUANHUACHULIJISHU、FEIZHIZHIJIANGJINZHONGXINGTUOMOJISHUDENG10XIANGGUANJIANJISHU,YIJI11XIANGZHICHENGJISHU。ZHEIXIEJISHUZHUANHUACHU10DUOXIANGCHENGGUO,XINGCHENG5TAOXIANJINKEKAODEJICHENGJISHU。ZHEI5TAOJICHENGJISHUFUGAIHUAJIJIANG、HUAXUEJIANG、FEIZHIJIANGHEZAOZHIDENGSUOYOUZHUYAOGONGYIGUOCHENG,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOZAOZHIYEQINGJIESHENGCHANHESHUIWURANQUANGUOCHENGKONGZHIDEZHONGYAOJISHUZHICHENG。

WEISHIKEYANCHENGGUOSHIXIANCHONGFENZHUANHUA,CHENKEFUTUANDUIYOUQIZHUZHONGCHANXUEYANJIEHE。TAMENJIEZHUYUANSHIGONGZUOZHAN、BOSHIHOUKEYANGONGZUOZHANDENGCHUANGXINPINGTAI,CUJINKEJICHENGGUOZHUANHUAYINGYONG,TUIDONGZAOZHIXINGYECONGCHANNENGLUOHOU、WUSHUIHENGLIUDECHUANTONGXINGYE,DIEBIANWEILVSEHUANBAO、JISHUMIJIDECHAOYANGCHANYE。

摘掉造纸业“污染大户”帽子

15WANDUNFEIZHITUOMOZHIJIANGSHENGCHANXIANHEZAOZHISHENGCHANXIANTIBIAOGAIZAOGONGCHENGWANCHENGHOU,SHANDONGHUATAIZHIYEPM10HAOSHENGCHANXIANSHIXIANLEHUALIZHUANSHEN。YUGAIZAOQIANXIANGBI,GAISHENGCHANXIANTUOMOZHIJIANG、ZAOZHIGUOCHENGDESHUIXUNHUANLIYONGLVJUNDADAO90%YISHANG,NIANFEISHUI、CODNIANPAIFANGLIANGFENBIEJIANGDI31.5WANLIFANGMIHE884DUN,ZHEIYANGDEJINBUDEYIYUCHENKEFUTUANDUIDEJISHUZHICHI。

RUHERANGZAOZHIYEZHAIDIAO“WURANDAHU”MAOZI?CHENKEFUTUANDUIXIANGFANGSHEFA,JIANSHAOFEISHUICHANSHENGLIANG、DUISHUIWURANWUJINXINGZIYUANHUALIYONG。

HUAXUEJIXIEFAZHIJIANGFEISHUIYOUYUCODNONGDUGAO、WURANFUHEZHONG,YUNYONGCHANGGUIFANGFACHULINANYIDABIAO。CHENKEFUTUANDUICHUANGXINXINGDIYINGYONGJIXIEZHENGQIZAIYASUOZHENGFAJISHU,DUIZHEIZHONGFEISHUIJINXINGYUZHENGFA,JIANGQIJINYIBUNONGSUOHOU,JIKEZAIJIANHUISHOUXITONGJINXINGRANSHAOCHULI。MUQIAN,GAIJISHUYIZAISHANDONGTAIYANGZHIYEYINGYONG,SHUQUANSHIJIESHOULI。

ZAIZHIJIANGZAOZHIQINGJIESHENGCHANYUSHUIWURANQUANGUOCHENGKONGZHIZHEIGEYANJIULINGYU,CHENKEFUTUANDUIYONGYOUDESHOUQUANFAMINGZHUANLIDA30JIAN,TUANDUIJISHUCHENGGUOHAIBEILIERUGUOJIASHUIZHUANXIANGBIAOZHIXINGCHENGGUO。GENGZHONGYAODESHI,XIANGMUJISHUYIQUANBURUXUAN《ZHIJIANGZAOZHIXINGYEWURANFANGZHIKEXINGJISHUZHINAN(2018)》,ZUOWEIXINGYETUIJIANDEXIANJINJISHUZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEITUIGUANG。

XIANZAI,WOGUOZAOZHIXINGYEFEISHUIYUCODPAIFANGZONGLIANGBI2011NIANFENBIEXIAJIANG38.2%、55%,FEISHUIHECODPAIFANGLIANGYIDIYUDUOGEZHONGDIANWURANXINGYE。

MUQIAN,CHENKEFUTUANDUIDEJISHUCHENGGUOYIHUIJIZHONGDUOZHIJIANGZAOZHIQIYE。JIN3NIAN,YINGYONGXIANGMUJISHUCHENGGUOHUAXUEJIANG、HUAJIJIANG、FEIZHISHENGCHANXINWENZHIDECHANLIANGYUEZHANQUANGUOCHANLIANGDE38%、12%HE23%。

本报广州1月10日电

给未来高层建筑奠基

——访2019年度国家科技进步奖一等奖获得者周绪红团队

本报记者 董鲁皖龙

1YUE10RI,2019NIANDUGUOJIAKEXUEJISHUJIANGLIDAHUIZAIRENMINDAHUITANGLONGZHONGZHAOKAI,ZHONGQINGDAXUE“GAOCENGGANG—HUNNINGTUHUNHEJIEGOUDELILUN、JISHUYUGONGCHENGYINGYONG”XIANGMURONGHUOGUOJIAKEJIJINBUJIANGYIDENGJIANG。

“GAOCENGJIANZHUFAZHANSHIGUOJIAJINGJISHILIHEJIANZHUJISHUSHUIPINGDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI,DIBIAOXINGGAOCENGJIANZHUSHIYIZUOXIANDAIHUACHENGSHIDEMINGPIAN。WOGUORENKOUZHONGDUO,TUDIZIYUANKUIFA,CHENGZHENHUAJINCHENGKUAI,FAZHANGAOCENGJIANZHUSHIBIRANQUSHI。”TUANDUIFUZEREN、ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHI、ZHONGQINGDAXUEJIAOSHOUZHOUXUHONGSHUO,TUANDUIYANFADEGAOCENGGANG—HUNNINGTUHUNHEJIEGOUJIANGULEGANGJIEGOUHEHUNNINGTUJIEGOUDEYOUSHI,JIFUHEWOGUOGUOQING,YOUJUYOUXIANMINGTESE。

向高层建筑的三大挑战进攻

SUIZHEWOGUOJINGJIKUAISUFAZHAN,CHENGZHENHUAJIASUTUIJIN,CHENGSHIDIBIAOXINGJIANZHUZHENGXIANGGENGGAOHEGENGDAKUADUFANGXIANGFAZHAN,LVSEHUAYESHIBIRANDEFAZHANFANGXIANG。RANER,DANGQIANWOGUOGAOCENGJIANZHUZHUYAOCAIYONGDESHIGANGJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUHEGANGJIEGOU。CHUANTONGDEGANGJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUZIYUANHENENGYUANXIAOHAODA,SHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGHUANJINGWURANYEHENYANZHONG,RENGONGTOURUDA,SHIGONGXIAOLVDI,YONGYUJIANZAOGAODUZAI100MIDEJIANZHUSHIKANGZHENANQUANXINGBUZU。GANGJIEGOUSUIRANNENGJIEJUEGANGJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUCUNZAIDEWENTI,DANSHIMUQIANCHENGBENGUOGAO,HENNANDAGUIMOCAIYONG。

“WOMENDEYANJIUCHENGGUOZHUYAOJIEJUELEDANGQIANWOGUOGAOCENGJIANZHUMIANLINDETIXI、LILUNHEJISHUSANDATIAOZHAN。”ZHOUXUHONGSHUO,JUTISHUOZHEISANDATIAOZHANBAOKUOJIEGOUTIXINANYIMANZUCHAOGAOCENGFUZAJIANZHUDEXUQIU,GUANJIANJICHULILUNYANJIUZHIHOUDAODEGAOXIAOFENXIFANGFAYUSHEJILILUNQUESHI,LVSEJIANZAOJISHULUOHOUDAOZHIDESHIGONGXIAOLVDIHEHUANJINGWENTI。

ZHOUXUHONGJIESHAO,ZHENDUIZHEISANDATIAOZHAN,ZIJIHETUANDUISHULICHURUOGANGUANJIANJISHUWENTIHENANDIANJINXINGGONGGUAN,TICHULESIZHONGXINXINGJIEGOUTIXI,XINGCHENGLEXITONGDEGAOCENGJIANZHUJIEGOUTIXIJIEJUEFANGAN。

SIZHONGJIEGOUTIXIBAOKUOZHICHENGJUXINGKUANGJIA—HEXINTONGTIXI、GANGGUANYUESHUHUNNINGTUJIEGOUTIXI、JIAOCUOHENGJIAJIEGOUTIXI、GANGGUANHUNNINGTUYIXINGZHUKUANGJIATIXI,FENBIESHIYONGYUGAODUZAI300—800MIJIANDEDIBIAOXINGJIANZHU(RU600MIGAODESHENZHENPINGANJINRONGZHONGXIN),GAODUZAI100—300MIJIANDEJIANZHU(RU245MIGAODEQINGDAOHAITIANDAJIUDIANXINLOU),GAODUZAI100MIYIXIAGONGGONGJIANZHU(XUEXIAO、YIYUAN、BANGONG、DAKONGJIANZHUZHAIDENG)YIJIGAODUZAI100MIYIXIADEZHUZHAI,JIBENHANGAILEMUQIANGEZHONGGAOCENGJIANZHUDEGAODUHESHIYONGGONGNENG。

“YUCHUANTONGGANGJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUXIANGBI,CIXIANGJISHUJIANZAOTONGYANGDEGAOCENGJIANZHUKEJIESHENG40%—50%DEHUNNINGTU,ERZONGHECHENGBENJIBENCHIPING。YUCHUANTONGDEGANGJIEGOUXIANGBI,KEJIESHENG30%—40%DEGANGCAI,ZONGHECHENGBENJIANGDIYUE30%。CIWAI,ZHEIXIANGJISHUCHONGFENLIYONGLEHUNNINGTUHEGANGCAILIANGZHONGCAILIAOGEZIDEYOUSHI,JIANJUCHUANTONGDEGANGJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUHEGANGJIEGOUGEZIDEYOUSHI,JINGJIXIAOYIHESHEHUIXIAOYIHENHAO。”ZHOUXUHONGSHUO。

苦战拿下科学路上险阻

DUDAXUESHI,ZHOUXUHONGJIUWEIZIJILIXIALE“GONGCHENGBUPAJIAN,GONGSHUMOWEINAN。KEXUEYOUXIANZU,KUZHANNENGGUOGUAN”DEZUOYOUMING。XIANGMUYANFADEGUOCHENG,TAHETUANDUIZHESHIJINGLILEZHUDUOKUZHAN,ZHOUXUHONGSHUO,ZIJIZUINANWANGDESHI“HUNHEJIEGOUJIYUYIZHIDAOTAFENGXIANDEKANGZHENSHEJILILUN”DEGONGGUANGUOCHENG。

“YIWANGSHEJIGAOCENGHUNHEJIEGOU,YAOMETAOYONGGANGJINHUNNINGTUDEJISHUBIAOZHUN,YAOMETAOYONGGANGJIEGOUDEJISHUBIAOZHUN,DANSHITAOYONGZHEIXIEBIAOZHUNGAOHUNHEJIEGOUSHEJIMEIYOUQUEQIEDELILUNYIJU,TONGSHIYEJIANGWANQUANSANGSHIHUNHEJIEGOUDEJINGJIXINGYOUSHI。”ZHOUXUHONGJIESHAO,JINGGUODUONIANTANSUO,TADAILINGDETUANDUIXINGCHENGLEZHEIYANGYIGERENSHI:JIANZHUDEANQUANSHEJIMUBIAOJIUSHIZAIHANYUDIZHENDAOLAIDESHIHOU,JIEGOUBUDAOTA,BAOZHENGJUMINDESHENGMINGANQUAN。NEIME,SHEJIZHICHUZHIXUYAOYIHANYUDIZHENZUOYONGXIAHUNHEJIEGOUDEANQUANZUOWEIMUBIAO,RANGHUNHEJIEGOUDEKANGZHENANQUANZHIBIAOYUCHUANTONGDEJIEGOUYIYANGSHENZHIGENGGAOJIUXING,ERBUXUYAOZAIJUTIDEJIEGOUXINGSHISHANGYUCHUANTONGJIEGOUYIYANG,YEBUXUYAOTAOYONGCHUANTONGDEGANGJINHUNNINGTUHUOZHEGANGJIEGOUDEJISHUBIAOZHUN。“JIYUZHEIGELINIAN,WOMENJINGGUODUONIANDELILUNFENXI、SHUZHIMONI、SHIYANYANJIU、GONGCHENGSHIFAN、TICHULE‘HUNHEJIEGOUJIYUDAOTAYIZHIFENGXIANDEKANGZHENSHEJILILUN’,BINGBIANZHILEXIANGGUANJISHUBIAOZHUN,CONGERJIEJUELEHUNHEJIEGOUKANGZHENSHEJIFANGMIANDEJISHUZHANGAI。”ZHOUXUHONGSHUO。

JIYUZHEIXIANGJISHU,KEJIANZAOTILIANGGENGDA、NENGMANZUGENGDUOYANGSHEJIFANGANDEJIANZHU,ZAIBUXUDAFUDUZENGJIATOUZIDEQIANTIXIACHONGFENBAOZHANGJIANZHUDEANQUANXING,FENGFUCHENGSHIDEJIANZHUJINGGUAN,ZHULIYIGONGYEHUA、XINXIHUA、ZHINENGHUAWEITEZHENGDELVSEJIANZHUFAZHAN。MUQIAN,XIANGGUANCHENGGUOYIBEI10YUBUBIAOZHUNCAIYONG,YINGYONGYU30DUOGEGUOJIADE300YUXIANGGONGCHENG。

“搞科研,最重要的是责任心和持之以恒地投入”

GAOTUMUGONGCHENGZHUANYEKU,ZHEISHIDAJIAGONGRENDE。20DUONIANDEKEYANGONGGUAN,DALIANGDEMOXINGSHIYAN、LILUNYANJIU、SHUZHIMONI、SHEJILILUNYUFANGFAYANJIU,QIZHONGDEXINKUZIBUDAIYAN。SHIZHOUXUHONGYIZHIDUIGONGZUOCHONGMANREQINGDE,SHITA“DUISHENGHUOLEGUAN,DUIZHIXUEYANJIN,DUIGONGZUORENZHEN,DUISHIYEYOUJIQING”DERENSHENGGUAN。

“WOSHIHUIFUGAOKAOHOUDEDIYIJIEDAXUESHENG,WOMENNEIGENIANDAIDOUCHONGSHANGLEIFENGJINGSHEN,YAOQIUZIJI‘GANYIXINGAIYIXING’HE‘DANGJIAOGANSHAJIUGANSHA’,CONGLAIMEIXIANGGUOYIDINGYAOZUOSHENMELEIXINGDEGONGZUO。”ZHOUXUHONGSHUO,WODUIZHISHIDEKEQIUHEQIANGLIEDEHAOQIXINSHIMANMANPEIYANGCHULAIDE,ERGAOHAOKEYANGONGZUO,ZUIZHONGYAODEHAISHIZERENXINHECHIZHIYIHENGDITOURU。

ZHENGRUTABUJIUQIANZAIYICIHUIYISHANG,JIEHEZIJIDEKEYANJINGLIYUQINGNIANKEXUEGONGZUOZHEFENXIANGDE6DIANTIHUI:KULIANNEIGONG,HANGSHIJICHU;MINGQUEFANGXIANG,SHIDANGTUOKUAN;ZHIXINGHEYI,ZHIYUZHISHAN;QINFENNULI,XISHIRUJIN;CHIZHIYIHENG,SHUIDISHICHUAN;KUIBUQIANLI,JITUCHENGSHAN。

“ZHIYAOXINZHONGYOUMUBIAO,JISHIMANMANZOU,YEBIMANWUMUDEPAIHUAIZHETENGDERENZOUDEKUAI。”ZHOUXUHONGSHUO。

本报北京1月10日电

《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2020NIAN01YUE11RIDI3BAN 

0 0 0 0
分享到:

相关阅读

最新发布
热门标签
点击排行
热点推荐

湖北快3GONGXINBUBEIANHAO:JINGICPBEI05071141HAO

HULIANWANGXINWENXINXIFUWUXUKEZHENG 10120170024

湖北快3GUIYANGHUARUIJIAOYU BANQUANSUOYOU,WEIJINGSHUMIANSHOUQUANJINZHIXIAZAISHIYONG

Copyright@2000-2019湖北快3 www.huaruiedu.cn All Rights Reserved.

沧州临港三菱金属制品有限公司 江西江南理工学院 东莞理工学院教育培训中心 济南德佳机器控股有限公司 长兴县第二实验小学 贵阳四度空间传媒有限公司 上海猎诺工贸有限公司 通辽市气象局 贵阳华锐教育