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家长会:变一言堂为“接抛球”

发布时间:2020-01-05 作者:周玉平 史贝贝 来源:中国教育报

ZAIDUIGENIANLINGDUANJIAZHANGHUIDEPANGTING、GUANMOGUOCHENGZHONG,WOMENFAXIANLEZHEIYANGDEQINGKUANG:JIAOSHIZHANZAIJIANGTAISHANG,JIAZHANG“PAIPAIZUO”ZAIXIAOYIZISHANG;JIAZHANGHUICHIXUYUELIANGXIAOSHI,DUOSHIJIAOSHIZAIJIANGSHU;JIAZHANGHUIJINXINGBANXIAOSHIHOU,YUELAIYUEDUODEJIAZHANGKAISHIKANSHOUJIHUOBUSHIDIAOZHENGZUOZI,ZHUANZHULIMINGXIANXIAJIANG;JIAOSHIFANFUQIANGDIAODE“YAODIAN”,XUDUOJIAZHANGMEIJIZHU,XIACIKAIZHANGONGZUOSHIHAISHILAOYANGZI……ZONGZHI,JIAOSHIJINGXINZHUNBEIDEJIAZHANGHUINEIRONG,WANGWANGBINGMEIYOUANZHAOYUQICHUANDADAOJIAZHANGERZHONG、XINLI,JIAZHANGDEHEZUOYISHI、JIAOYUYISHI、ZERENGANSIHUYEMEIYOUDEDAOQIANGHUA。JIAZHANGHUIZONGSHIRERENAONAOKAISHI、LENGLENGQINGQINGJIESHU。

WEIGAIBIANZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,WOMENTICHULE“CANYUSHI”JIAZHANGHUIDELINIAN。TONGGUOCHUANGSHEZIYOUKAIFANGDEJIAZHANGHUIHUANJING,YINGZAOPINGDENGDUIHUADEFENWEI,MINGQUEZHUTI、ZHUANBIANZUZHIFANGSHI、JINGXUANZUZHINEIRONG、TUXIANDUIHUAGONGYING,GAIBIANJIAOSHI“YIYANTANG”XIANXIANG,ZENGQIANGJIAZHANGZAIJIAZHANGHUIZHONGDECANYUXING。

明确家长会的定位与目标

JIAZHANGHUIDEJIBENDINGWEISHIXIANGDAO,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGJIAZHANGHUIDEFANGANSHEJIYUNEIRONGXUANZE。DANGQIAN,YOUERYUANJIAZHANGHUICHANGJIANDEJIBENDINGWEIYOULIANGZHONG,JI“GONGZUOBUZHIHUI”HE“JIAOYUKEPUKETANG”。ZHEILIANGZHONGDINGWEISHIJIAZHANGBIANCHENGBEIDONGDEJIESHOUZHE,ERMEIYOUFABIAOYIJIANDEJIHUI。JIAZHANGXIGUANLEZHEIZHONGMOSHIHOU,BIANHUIRENWEIJIAZHANGHUIZHIXUYAOZIJILAIYUANTINGYITING,“RENDAOJIKE”。CONGZHANGYUANLAIKAN,ZHEIHUIRANGJIAZHANGZAIYUERWENTISHANGYANGCHENG“DUOXING”,BULIYUJIANLIQINMIDEJIAYUANGUANXI。

YINCI,CANYUSHIJIAZHANGHUIDEJIBENDINGWEIYINGGAISHI“GUANYUYOUERFAZHANDEQINSHI(JIAZHANGYUJIAOSHI)YANTAOHUI”。ZHEIGEJIBENDINGWEIQIANGDIAOJIAZHANGZAIYOUERJIAOYUZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。JIAZHANGSHIHAIZIDEDIYIRENJIAOSHI,BIXUSHULIZAIYOUERYUANJIAOYUWENTIYANTAOZHONGDE“ZHURENWENG”YISHI,SHIZHONGQIANGHUAZISHENZAIJIAZHANGHUIGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHUTIXINGYUBUKETIDAIXING。

ZAIQINSHISHUANGFANGPINGDENGHUSHANGDEJIBENDINGWEIXIA,JIAZHANGHUIDEMUBIAOSHEJIYEZHIGUANZHONGYAO。MUBIAOSHIFOUSHIYIZHIJIEYINGXIANGJIAZHANGHUIDESHIXIAO。

SHOUXIAN,YIJU3—6SUIYOUERFAZHANDETEDIAN,XIAO、ZHONG、DABUTONGNIANJIZUDEJIAZHANGHUIYINGYOUCHAYIHUADEMUBIAODAOXIANG。YIXINXUEQIDIYICIJIAZHANGHUIWEILI,XIAOBANDEMUBIAOZHUYAOSHIHUANJIERUYUANJIAOLV,ZHONGBANDEMUBIAOSHIPEIYANGYOUERLIANGHAODEXIGUANHETISHENGJIAOWANGNENGLI,DABANDEMUBIAOZHUYAOSHIYOUXIAOXIANJIE。

QICI,ZAIJIAZHANGHUIZONGMUBIAODEQIANYINXIA,YINGTONGGUOWENJUAN、FANGTANDENGFANGSHI,XIANGXIDIAOCHAZAIYOUERMOUNIANLINGDUANDETEDINGSHIQI,JIAZHANGYOUNAXIEKUNHUO、XIANJIEDUANTEBIEGUANZHUNAXIEWENTI。JIAOSHISHULIDIAOCHAJIEGUO,XUANZEJIAZHANGPUBIANGUANZHUHEGANXINGQUDEHUATI,JIEHEBANJIYOUERQINGKUANG、HUODONGKAIZHANQINGKUANGDENG,KEYIQUEDINGGENGJIAXIZHI、KECAOZUO、KEPINGGU、KEDACHENGDEMUBIAO。TIQIANDUIJIAZHANGJINXINGDIAOCHAYANJIU,BUJINKEYIBANGZHUJIAOSHIZHAOZHUNCANYUSHIJIAZHANGHUIDEHEXINMUBIAO,HAIKEYIZHENDUIJIAZHANGDEWENTI,TIQIANCHAYUEZILIAO,ZUOCHONGZUDEZHUNBEI,YIBIANZAIJIAZHANGHUIGUOCHENGZHONGSHUNLIJIEZHUJIAZHANGPAOGUOLAIDE“QIU”,CONGERHUODEJIAZHANGXINREN。

ZAIQICI,YAOCHENGXIANYICILUOJIXINGHETIAOLIXINGQIANGDEJIAZHANGHUI,HAIYAOLVQINGBUTONGXIAOMUBIAOZHIJIANDEGUANXI,RANGJIAZHANGHUIDEXIAOMUBIAOWEIRAOZHEZONGMUBIAOZHUCENG、ZHUBUSHEJIZHANKAI。

紧扣目标选择家长会内容

YICIJIAZHANGHUISHIJIANBUYIGUOZHANG,SHEJIDENEIRONGYEBUYIGUODUO,SUOYIJIUYAOXUEHUIDUINEIRONGZUOQUSHE,ERQUSHEDEYUANZEJIUZAIYUJIAZHANGHUIDEMUBIAOSHEJI。

SHOUXIAN,DANGJIAZHANGHUINEIRONGDOUZHIZHIJIAZHANGHUIMUBIAODACHENG,DANNEIRONGHAISHICHAOFUHEDEQINGKUANGXIA,JIAOSHIYAOXUEHUIWEIRAOMUBIAO,LIQINGNEIRONGZHIJIANDEGUANXI,ZAIZHENGHEYOUHUAJIAZHANGHUINEIRONG。

BIRU,ZAIYICIDABANJIAZHANGHUIBEIKEZHONG,JINGDIAOCHAFAXIAN,JIAZHANGTEBIEXIANGLEJIEYOUXIAOXIANJIEYINGGAIZUONAXIEZHUNBEI。JIAOSHIRENWEIZHEISHIJIAZHANGHUIZHONGDIAN,DANSHIJIAZHANGHUIZHONGHAIYINGRANGJIAZHANGZHIDAOBENXUEQIJIAYUANGONGYUDEZHONGDIAN、DABANHAIZIDENIANLINGTEDIAN、FAZHANMUBIAODENG。RUGUOMEIXIANGNEIRONGDOUYIYIJIANGSHU,SHIJIANZHANG、NEIRONGDUO,JIAZHANGNANYIJIESHOU。YUSHI,WOMENSHULIZHEIXIENEIRONGZHIJIANDELUOJI,JINXINGLEZHENGHEYOUHUA。

WOMENXIANBOFANGXUEQIANJIAOYUXUANCHUANYUESHIPIN《YOUXIAOXIETONG,KEXUEXIANJIE》,YINDAOJIAZHANGZAIGUANKANSHIPINYUYANTAOZHONG,ZONGJIECHUYOUXIAOXIANJIEDEZHUNBEIBAOKUONENGLIZHUNBEI、XINLIZHUNBEIHEZHISHIZHUNBEISANFANGMIAN,YIJIZUOHAOYOUXIAOXIANJIEZHUNBEIDECELVE。JIEZHE,JIAOSHICONGZHUANYEJIAODU,YIJUDABANYOUERNIANLINGTEDIANYUFAZHANMUBIAO,ZONGJIETILIANJIAZHANGYOUXIAOXIANJIEDECELVE,YOUQISHIJIAYUANPEIHEDEZHONGDIAN。ZHEIYANGWEIRAOMUBIAOYOUHUAZHENGHENEIRONG,BUJINTIGAOLEXIAOLV,ERQIEJIAOSHIJIANGXIANGCHUANDADENEIRONGRONGRULEJIAZHANGGANXINGQUDEHUATI。

QICI,DANGNEIRONGANPAIBINGBUZHIJIEZHIXIANGBENCIJIAZHANGHUIMUBIAOSHI,WOMENYAOSIKAOZHEIXIENEIRONGDECHENGXIANFANGFAYUTUJING。YOUXIEJIAZHANGHUINEIRONGSHUYUSHIWUXINGDETIXING,DANDUIYUYOUERANQUAN、JIANKANGYOUTEBIEZHONGYAO,RUYOUERFUYAODENGJI,KEYIZHONGDIANJIANGSHU,YEKEYIYONGWENXINTISHIKAPIANDEXINGSHIFAJIJIAZHANG。HAIYOUXIEJIAZHANGGUANZHUDEWENTI,BINGFEIBENCIJIAZHANGHUIZHONGDIANNEIRONG,JIUKEYIGENJUHUATINEIRONGSHEJIDUIXIANGDEDUOSHAO,CAIQUJIAZHANGSHALONG、GEBIEZIXUNDENGFANGSHISHIXIAN。

形式创新让家长深度卷入

CANYUSHIJIAZHANGHUIYUCHUANTONGJIAZHANGHUIZUIMINGXIANDEQUBIETIXIANZAIHUODONGXINGSHISHANG。CANYUSHIJIAZHANGHUIYAOQIUJIAOSHIJIJICHUANGXINHUODONGXINGSHI,DUOCAIYONGSHIPIN、HUATITAOLUN、YOUXIDENGFANGSHI,RANGJIAZHANGZAISHENDUJUANRUSHIDETIYAN、YANTAO、XUEXIZHONG,CHANSHENGQIANGLIEDERENZHICHONGTU,ZUIZHONGZHUANBIANGUANNIAN。

方式一:视频观看与研讨。在采用视频观看与研讨时,教师一定要精选有助于达成目标,同时又能够引人深思的短视频。视频越有冲击力,越容易引发家长研讨。

BIRU,XIAOBANJIAOSHIZAIYUJIAZHANGGOUTONGSHI,FAXIANHENDUOJIAZHANGDUIYOUERYUANYOUWUJIE,BUMANYIHAIZIMEITIANZAIYOUERYUANWANDEZHUANGTAI。ZHENDUIZHEIYIWENTI,ZAIJIAZHANGHUIZHONG,WOMENXIANRANGJIAZHANGJINQINGBIAODA:“NINQIDAIHAIZIZAIYUANZUOSHENME?”TONGGUOJIAZHANGZIYOUBIAODA,WOMENCHUBULEJIELEJIAZHANGDEJIAOYUGUANNIAN。JINJIEZHE,JIAOSHIYAOQINGJIAZHANGYIQIGUANKANXIANGGUANSHIPIN《BIANXINGJI》,TAZHANXIANLEHAIZIMEITIANBEIKEWAIBAN、XINGQUBANKUNBANGXIADAIBAN、WUSHENGJIDEZHUANGTAI;YOUZHANXIANLEHAIZIZAIYOUXIXIAHUOPOZIYOU、CHONGMANHUOLIDEMIANMAO。GUANKANWANSHIPINHOU,WOMENZAIRANGJIAZHANGZHANKAITAOLUN。SHIPINQIANHOULIANGBUFENQIANGLIEDEDUIBI,DUIJIAZHANGDESIXIANGCHANSHENGLEQIANGLIECHONGJI。

方式二:游戏体验与感悟。在采用游戏体验与感悟时,教师要提前设计游戏情节,选择家长能参与的项目。在组织家长体验时,要把握时间,及时控场。在讨论环节,要紧紧围绕目标展开。

BIRU,WOYUANJIAOSHIFAXIANHENDUOJIAZHANGDUIYOUERFAZHANRENSHIYOUWU,RENWEIFAZHANJIUSHIHUISHUSHU、SHIZIDENG。YUSHI,ZAIJIAZHANGHUIZHONG,JIAOSHIRANGJIAZHANGJINRUBANJIQUJIAO,TIYANQUJIAOYOUXI。YOUXIJIESHUHOU,RANGJIAZHANGFENZUYANTAO。ZHEISHIJIAZHANGCAIFAXIANMEIGEQUJIAOYOUXIDOUYOUJIAZHI。JIAOSHIZAIJIAZHANGYANTAODEJICHUSHANG,ZAIJIANGSHUYOUERYOUXIGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOSHISHIRUHEZHICHIYUYINDAOTAMENXUEXIDE。ZHEIZHONGYOUXITIYANCHUDONGLEJIAZHANGYUANYOUDERENZHI,TONGSHIZENGQIANGLEJIAZHANGDUIJIAOSHIZHUANYEXINGDERENTONGGAN。

方式三:话题讨论与分享。在采用话题讨论与分享时,教师要根据家长会的目标,选择有意义、有价值的话题。注意选择的话题不能太专业。在讨论时,要引导家长分组,调动每个家长的积极性。

BIRU,ZHONGBANJIAZHANGHUIZHONG,JIAOSHIRANGJIAZHANGWEIRAOZHUTI“ZUODITIESHI,JIAZHANGKEYIYINDAOYOUERXUEXISHENME”ZHANKAIXIAOZUTAOLUN。ZAIJILIEDETOUNAOFENGBAOJIESHUHOU,JIAOSHIGUINAZONGJIELEJIAZHANGDEFAYAN:ZUODITIESHI,JIAZHANGKEYIYINDAOYOUERXUEXIDENEIRONGSHEJISHUXUE、YUYANBIAODA、ZILINENGLI、WENMINGLIMAO、SHEHUIGUIZEYISHIPEIYANGDENG10YUXIANGNEIRONG。ZHEIXIETAOLUNRANGJIAZHANGHUANGRANDAWU,YUANLAISHENGHUOZHONGRIFUYIRIDEPINGFANSHIJIAN,YUNHANLERUCIDUODEJIAOYUQIJI,ZHEIYINQILETAMENDESHENKEFANSI。

JINGUANCANYUSHIJIAZHANGHUIKECAIYONGDEXINGSHIHENDUO,DANWOMENXUYAOMINGQUE,CHUANGXINHUODONGXINGSHISHIWEIMUBIAODACHENGFUWUDE,JIAOSHIYIDINGYAOBIMIANZOUJINDANCHUNZHUIQIUXINGSHIERHULVEMUBIAODEWUQU。

YUCITONGSHI,HAIXUYAOQIANGDIAODESHI,ZHENGGECANYUSHIJIAZHANGHUIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DOUYINGRANGJIAZHANGSHENXINSHUCHANG、QINGSONGZIYOU,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUJIAOSHIYAOYOUGANRANLIYUQINHELI,NENGYIPINGDENGDUIHUADEXINTAIZUZHIZHENGGEGUOCHENG。BUNENGWEILEQIANGDIAOZIJIDEZHUANYEXINGHUOWEILERANGJIAZHANGXINFUZIJI,GUODUOSHIYONGJIAZHANGBUSHUXIDEZHUANYEMINGCIHUOFANFUJIUZHENGJIAZHANGBUGOUYANJINDECUOCI,CONGERJIJIAZHANGZAOCHENGYAPOGAN,JINERYINGXIANGQIJIJIXINGDEFAHUI。

(ZUOZHEDANWEI:BEIJINGSHIXICHENGQUMIANHUAHUTONGYOUERYUAN)

湖北快3《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2020NIAN01YUE05RIDI2BAN 

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