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劳动教育,正在回归生活

发布时间:2020-01-04 作者:本报记者 林焕新 来源:中国教育报

■2019教育回眸年终系列述评⑨

CENGJIHESHI,“YAOXUEXIQUEZAOXINFANG,YAOXUEMIFENGCAIMITANG,LAODONGDEKUAILESHUOBUJIN,LAODONGDECHUANGZAOZUIGUANGRONG”SHIMEIGEHAITONGDOUHUICHANGDEGEYAO。SUIZHEXUESHENGKEYEFUDANJIAZHONG,LAODONGJIAOYUYIDUDANCHURENMENDESHIYE,XUESHENGZILINENGLIQUESHIYULAODONGYISHIDANBODEXIANXIANGYESUIZHIYUELAIYUEPUBIAN。

2018NIANQUANGUOJIAOYUDAHUISHANG,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIQIANGDIAO,YAOPEIYANGDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANFAZHANDESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEZHEHEJIEBANREN。LAODONGJIAOYUHUIGUIDEHAOJIAOCHUIXIANGLE。

2019NIAN,GUOJIALUXUCHUTAIXIANGGUANWENJIAN,DUOCIQIANGDIAOJIAQIANGLAODONGJIAOYU。XINSHIDAIDELAODONGJIAOYUSHISHENMEYANGDE,YOUGAIRUHEKAIZHAN?HUIWANGZHEIYINIAN,WOMENZHAODAOLEDAAN。

(一)

长期以来,对于劳动教育,学校不开课、家长不重视、孩子不了解。而在教育改革进程中,从未像今年这样,多次在文件中强调“五育并举”的教育方针,这无疑为落实劳动教育吃了“定心丸”。

MOZIYAN“MINWUSHIZEBUKESHI,GUSHIBUKEBUWUYE”。LAODONGSHIRENLEIDEBENZHIHUODONG,YESHITUIDONGRENLEIJINBUDEGENBENLILIANG。

DANDANGXIA,SITIBUQINWUGUBUFENDE“JUYING”LVJIANBUXIAN,BUZUNZHONGLAODONGHELAODONGZHEDEXIANXIANGPINPINCHUXIAN,LINGRENTONGXIN。ZHEISHIDEWOMENZAIJINTIANJIANGJIAOYUGAIGEDEMUGUANGZHONGXINJUJIAOLAODONGJIAOYU,HUHUANQIGUIWEI。

RANGDEZHITIMEILAO“WUYUBINGJU”SHENSHENZHAGENYURENLINIAN,SHISHOUYAODESHIQING。

“CONGJINNIANQIYAOHENZHUALAODONGJIAOYU。”2019NIANYISHI,JIAOYUBUBUZHANGCHENBAOSHENGJIUZAIQUANGUOJIAOYUGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZHENGZHONGBIAOTAI。

2019NIAN6YUE,GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGCHUTAI《GUANYUXINSHIDAITUIJINPUTONGGAOZHONGYURENFANGSHIGAIGEDEZHIDAOYIJIAN》,ZHICHUYAO“WANSHANDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANPEIYANGJIZHI”。SUIHOUZHONGGONGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANYINFADE《GUANYUSHENHUAJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGEQUANMIANTIGAOYIWUJIAOYUZHILIANGDEYIJIAN》ZAICIQIANGDIAO“JIANGLAODONGJIAOYUNARUQUANMIANPEIYANGDEJIAOYUTIXI”。

ZAIZHIYEJIAOYUFANGMIAN,2019NIAN6YUEHE12YUE,JIAOYUBUFENBIECHUTAI《GUANYUZHIYEYUANXIAOZHUANYERENCAIPEIYANGFANGANZHIDINGYUSHISHIGONGZUODEZHIDAOYIJIAN》《GUANYUJIAQIANGHEGAIJINXINSHIDAIZHONGDENGZHIYEXUEXIAODEYUGONGZUODEYIJIAN》,TONGYANGYAOQIUJIANGLAODONGJIAOYUNARURENCAIPEIYANGFANGAN,KAISHELAODONGBIXIUKECHENG,MINGQUELAODONGJIAOYUSHIJIANHEXUESHI。

LAODONGJIAOYUDECHUJIAOJIXUXIANGLIANGDUANYANSHEN。2019NIAN11YUE,ZHONGYANGQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEWEIYUANHUIDISHIYICIHUIYISHENYITONGGUO《GUANYUQUANMIANJIAQIANGXINSHIDAIDAZHONGXIAOXUELAODONGJIAOYUDEYIJIAN》,MINGQUE“BALAODONGJIAOYUNARURENCAIPEIYANGQUANGUOCHENG,GUANTONGDAZHONGXIAOGEXUEDUAN,GUANCHUANJIATING、XUEXIAO、SHEHUIGEFANGMIAN”。ZHICI,LAODONGJIAOYUZUOWEIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJIAOYUZHIDUZHONGYAONEIRONGDEDIWEIDEYIQUELI。

ZHEIMEDUOFENWENJIAN,XIANGGUDIANYIYANGQIAOJIZAIRENMENXINSHANG。ZAIGUOQURENHESHIHOU,CONGWEIYOUGUORUCIMIJIDIQIANGDIAOLAODONGJIAOYU,BINGJIANGQITUISHANGJIAOYUGAIGEDEJIAODIANWEIZHI。DANGHEGUOJIAJIAQIANGLAODONGJIAOYUDEJUEXINZHIJIANDING,RANGBUSHAOJIAOYUZHEZHENFENBUYI。

(二)

新时代的劳动教育,不只有“泥土”。它要有新的内涵,体力、脑力都是劳动,更重要的是树立劳动精神,崇尚劳动、尊重劳动、热爱劳动。

ZHEJIANGTAIZHOUJIAOJIANGQUDEHAIZIMEN,CHANGZHE《KENHUANGDUIYUANZHIGE》,TIYANZHEZHONGGUADEGUA、ZHONGDOUDEDOUDEKUAILE;ZAITIANJINBINHAIXINQUTANGGUXIAOXUE,XUESHENGMENQUANSHENGUANZHUDIZHIZUOJIANZHUMOXING,XIANSHUDIPINZHUANGZIXINGCHE;ZAIHUNANMINZUZHIYEXUEYUANFUSHUXIAOXUE,LAODONGCHUYIKETANGXIANGWEIPIAOPIAO……XINSHIDAIDELAODONGJIAOYU,BUZHIYOU“NITU”。

ZAI2019NIANDEQUANGUOJIAOYUGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,CHENBAOSHENGTEBIEZHICHU:“YAOZHAOHAOZAITI,TONGGUORICHANGJIAWU、SHOUGONGZHIZUO、FEIYICHUANCHENG、XUEGONGXUENONG、SHEHUISHIJIAN、ZHIYUANFUWUDENGDUOZHONGFANGSHIJIAQIANGLAODONGJIAOYU。”LAODONGJIAOYUFANGSHIZHUANBIANDEBEIHOU,SHIQINEIHANDESHIDAIZHUANBIAN:BUZHISHIPEIYANGLAODONGJINENG,GENGYAOSHULILAODONGJINGSHEN;BUJINYAOPEIYANGLAODONGZHE,GENGYAOPEIYANGYOUZERENYOUDANDANGDESHEHUIZHUYIJIEBANREN。

BEIJINGSHIFANDAXUEJIAOYUXUEBUJIAOSHOUTANCHUANBAOBIAOSHI,CHULEBUNENGFANBALAODONGDENGTONGYUTILILAODONGDECUOWU,XINSHIDAIDELAODONGJIAOYUHAIYAOKAOLVZENYANGRANGJIANJIEDELAODONGJIAOYUZAIJIAOYUSHIJIANZHONGDEDAOQIANGHUA。ZHEIJIWOMENJISHIDITILEGEXING:“WUYU”BINGJUBUYINGGAIGELIELAIKAN,LAODONGJIAOYUDENEIHANYUNHANZAIJIAOYUJIAOXUEDEXUDUOFANGMIAN。

ZAIYIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANHEPUTONGGAOZHONGSHIYONGDE3KETONGBIANJIAOCAIZHONG,JIUKEYIFAXIANLAODONGJIAOYUSHIRUHEYUYUANYOUKECHENGTIXIXIANGRONGHEDE。BIRUGAOZHONGYUWENJIAOCAIZAIBIXIUSHANGCEYI“LAODONGGUANGRONG”WEIZHUTIZHUANSHEYIGEDANYUAN,XUANQUOUGELAODONGRENMIN、LAODONGMOFAN、LAODONGJINGSHENDEKEWEN……ZHEIDOUSHIZAIYINDAOXUESHENGCHONGSHANGLAODONG、REAILAODONG、ZUNZHONGLAODONGRENMIN。

“LAODONGJIAOYUKEYISHUDE、ZENGZHI、JIANTI、RUNMEI,CUJINXUESHENGQUANMIANFAZHAN,YINLINGTAMENCHUANGZAOSECAIBANLANDETONGNIAN,WEIZOUHAOYOUYIYIDERENSHENGZHILUDAXIAJIANSHIJICHU。”2019NIAN11YUE27RI,ZHONGYANGSHENGAIWEISHENYITONGGUO《GUANYUQUANMIANJIAQIANGXINSHIDAIDAZHONGXIAOXUELAODONGJIAOYUDEYIJIAN》。DANGTIAN,“RENMINJIAOYUJIA”RONGYUCHENGHAOHUODEZHE、SHANGHAISHIYANGPUGAOJIZHONGXUEMINGYUXIAOZHANGYUYIWEIHANGZHOUSHIFUYANGQUFUCHUNDIQIXIAOXUETIZI,BINGDIANZANFUCHUNQIXIAOXINLAODONGJIAOYU。GAIXIAOXIAOZHANGZHANGZHENLEJIESHAO,CENGJINGQUANXIAOYOU91%DEXUESHENGQUEFAZHENZHENGQINLINONGGENGLAODONGDETIYAN,ERXIANZAITAMENZAIZHIWUCHENGZHANGZHONGTIYANSHENGMING,ZAIYIMAINONGCHANPINSHIGANWULAODONGCHUANGZAOYIQIE、CAIFUYUANYULAODONGDEJIAZHIGUAN。

GAOXIAOLAODONGJIAOYUGENGYINGGAIBAWOJINENGYUJINGSHENXIANGJIEHE、SHEHUISHIJIANYUZERENDANDANGXIANGJIEHEDENEIHE,YINDAOXUESHENGCHENGWEIYOUDADEDAAIDEREN。BIRUXINANCAIJINGDAXUEKAIZHANLAODONGYUSHEHUIBAOZHANG、LAODONGFA、LAODONGJINGJIXUEDENGLAODONGSIXIANGGUANNIANKE,JIJIU、PENGREN、CHAHUADENGLAODONGJINENGKE,YIJIYUZHUANYEKECHENGXIANGGUANDESHIJIAN、SHIXIKE。“NEIHUAHEJIANXINGSHILAODONGJIAOYUDEHEXIN。”XINANCAIDAXIAOZHANGZHUOZHISHUO,“SANLEIKECHENGSHOUDAOXUESHENGDEXIAI,LAODONGJIAOYUCONG‘SHUOQILAIZHONGYAO,ZUOQILAIBUYAO’,ZHENGZOUXIANGLUODI、LUOSHI。”

SHUNZHEZHEITIAOSILU,LAODONGJIAOYUBUJINYOUZHECHUANTONGLAODONGJIAOYUDEJINGHUA,HAIYOUZHEXINSHIDAIDECHAOQIHETESE,YEZHIYOUZHEIYANGDE“XINLAODONGJIAOYU”,CAINENGZHENZHENGFUGAIGEJIGELEIXUEXIAO,ZHAGENRENCAIPEIYANGDEQUANGUOCHENG。

(三)

此次劳动教育改革不仅提出了“理念”,还给出了明晰的操作路径,打通了场地、课程、评价机制等劳动教育链条上的关键环节。而要真正让劳动在孩子心中扎根,还要把它种进家庭和社会的土壤里。

ZHEIYINIANLI,YOUBUSHAOJIAZHANGCHISHANGLEHAIZIZUODECAIYAO,GANTAN“HAIZIDONGSHILE”;YOUXINANCAIDAXUEZIYIN“NENGCHIKU、YOUGONGYIXIN”ZAIBIYEQIANJIUBEIWAIQITIQIANLUYONG;GENGDUODESHI,HAIZIMENXIAILAODONG,TIHUIDAOLAODONGDEKUAILE、XINGFU、CHENGJIUGAN……ZAIMIGUANLIZHANGDADEHAIZIYONGXINGDONGGAOSURENMEN,BUSHIBUNENGLAODONG,YOUSHIZHISHIQUESHAOJIHUI。

ZHEIYINIAN,ZHIMIAN“WEIFENSHU”“WEISHENGXUE”DENGWANZHANGGUJI,DAOBILAODONGJIAOYUGAIGEDEZHENGCECUOSHILUODI,JILEHAIZIMENGENGDUOKENENG。

《GUANYUSHENHUAJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGEQUANMIANTIGAOYIWUJIAOYUZHILIANGDEYIJIAN》TICHU,ZHIDINGLAODONGJIAOYUZHIDAOGANGYAO、YOUHUAZONGHESHIJIANHUODONGKECHENGJIEGOU、CHUANGJIANYIPILAODONGJIAOYUSHIYANQU。TONGSHI,QIANGDIAOJIANGLAODONGSHIJIANNARUZHILIANGPINGJIAJIANCETIXI,BALAODONGJIAOYUZUOWEIZHENGFU、XUEXIAOHEQUYUJIAOYUDUDAOKAOHEDEYIXIANGNEIRONG。

ZAIYIXILIEJIAQIANGLAODONGJIAOYUDEZHENGCEYINDAOXIA,LAODONGJIAOYU“QIANGSHI”HUIGUIDEJUMIANYIZHUJIANDAKAI。NINGBOJIHUAYONG3NIANZUOYOUSHIJIAN,ZAIQUANSHICHUANGJIAN100SUOLAODONGJIAOYUSHIFANXUEXIAO,JIANLI50SUOSHIJILAODONGJIAOYUSHIJIANJIDI;QINGDAOTICHUDAO2020NIAN,YAOZAIQUANSHIFANWEINEILINXUAN20JIAYOUXIUZHONGXIAOXUELAODONGJIAOYUJIDI,JIANGXUESHENGCANJIALAODONGJIAOYUQINGKUANGNARUZHONGXIAOXUESHENGZONGHESUZHIPINGJIATIXI……

TONGSHI,JIAOYUCONGLAIBUSHIXUEXIAODANFANGMIANDESHIQING,LAODONGJIAOYUDEGUIWEIYEZHIYOUJIA、XIAO、SHEXIETONGHELICAINENGGONGCHENG。

DUICI,《GUANYUSHENHUAJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGEQUANMIANTIGAOYIWUJIAOYUZHILIANGDEYIJIAN》JIMEIGEZHUTIDOUBUZHILERENWU:JIAZHANGYAOJIHAIZIANPAILISUONENGJIDEJIAWULAODONG;XUEXIAOYAOJIANCHIXUESHENGZHIRIZHIDU,ZUZHIXUESHENGCANJIAXIAOYUANLAODONG,JIJIKAIZHANXIAOWAILAODONGSHIJIANHESHEQUZHIYUANFUWU;NONGCUNDIQUYAOANPAIXIANGYINGTIANDI、SHANLIN、CAOCHANGDENGZUOWEIXUENONGSHIJIANJIDI;CHENGZHENDIQUYAOWEIXUESHENGCANJIANONGYESHENGCHAN、GONGYETIYAN、SHANGYEHEFUWUYESHIJIANDENGTIGONGBAOZHANG。

ZHIYOUJIA、XIAO、SHEDOUWEIJIUZUOSHUFANGDE“XIAOHUANGDI”“XIAOGONGZHU”DAKAIYISHANTONGXIANGLAODONGDECHUANGHU,CAINENGRANGLAODONGJIAOYUQIANYIMOHUA、RUNWUWUSHENG。GENGZHONGYAODESHI,BAJIAOYUDEMUGUANGCONG“SHANGZHONGDIANGAOZHONG”“KAOMINGPAIDAXUE”YANSHENDAO“RANGHAIZICHENGWEISHENMEYANGDEREN,WEILAIKEYIWEIGUOJIACHENGDANXIESHENME”SHANGMIANLAI,LAODONGJIAOYUCAINENGCONGBIAOMIANZHUANXIANGSHENKE。

RENHEYICIGAIGEDOUBUSHIYICUERJIU,LAODONGJIAOYUDEHUIGUICAIGANGGANGKAISHI。XIANGXINZAISHISHENGJIAXIAOSHEDEGONGTONGNULIXIA,“BUNULIZHINENGSAODAJIE”DENGDUILAODONGJIAZHIDEWUDUJIANGCHENGWEIGUOQU。

湖北快3《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2020NIAN01YUE04RIDI1BAN 

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