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亲子关系越差,孩子越容易网络游戏成瘾

发布时间:2019-12-26 作者:孙宏艳 来源:中国教育报

WANGLUOYOUXIDUIHAIZIYIWEIZHESHENME?NAXIEHAIZIRONGYICHENMIWANGLUOYOUXI?GENJUZHONGGUOQINGSHAONIANYANJIUZHONGXINJINRIFABUDE“ZHONGXIAOXUESHENGJIQIJIAZHANGWANGLUOYOUXIRENZHIYUTAIDUYANJIU”DIAOCHAFENXI,JIAZHANGYUHAIZIDUIWANGLUOYOUXIDERENZHI、TAIDUHEXINGWEICUNZAIXIANZHUCHAYI。

BENCIDIAOCHAZAIQUANGUOCHOUQULE6GECHENGSHI,DUIXIAOXUESINIANJIZHIGAOZHONGSANNIANJIDEZHONGXIAOXUESHENGJIQIJIAZHANGJINXINGYIDUIYIWENJUANDIAOCHA。WENJUANLIANGBIAOBAOHAN“JIAODAOGENGDUOPENGYOU”“DUANLIANGUANCHANENGLI”“HUANJIEYALI”DENG7XIANGZHENGMIANCHENSHU,“YIJIECHUDAOBULIANGXINXI”“YINGXIANGSHENTIJIANKANG”“YINGXIANGXUEXI”DENG7XIANGFUMIANCHENSHU。JIEGUOXIANSHI:

1.孩子对于网络游戏的认知更正面,家长对于网络游戏的认知更负面。

2.孩子大多认为玩游戏利弊相当,家长大多认为玩游戏弊大于利。

RENWEILIBIXIANGDANGDEBILI,HAIZIBIJIAZHANGGAO31.8GEBAIFENDIAN;RENWEIBIDAYULIDEBILI,JIAZHANGBIHAIZIGAOCHU38.2GEBAIFENDIAN。KEJIAN,JIAZHANGDUIWANWANGLUOYOUXIGENGDUOCHIFUMIANTAIDU,ERHAIZITAIDUZEXIANGDUIGENGZHONGLI。

3.孩子更喜欢搏斗竞技类游戏,家长更喜欢教育休闲类游戏。

JIAZHANGXIANGDUIGENGQINGXIANGYUGONGNENGXINGJIAOQIANGDEYOUXI,XIWANGYOUXINENGQIDAOXUEXIHUOZHEXIUXIANDEZUOYONG;ERHAIZIDUIJIAOSEBANYANDEYOUXI、MONIXIANSHISHENGHUODEYOUXI、SHEJILEIYOUXI、JILIEBODOUDEYOUXIYIJIYUNDONG/SAICHEYOUXIZEGENGPIANHAO,ZHEIKENENGSHIYINWEIHAIZIGENGXIWANGDEDAOFANGSONG。

4.孩子在双休日节假日玩游戏超过家长,家长在平时玩游戏超过孩子。

SHUANGXIURIHEJIEJIARISHIJIAZHANGHEHAIZIWANWANGLUOYOUXIDEZUIZHUYAOSHIJIANDUAN,QICISHIWANSHANGSHUIJUEQIANHEXIABANHOU(FANGXUEHOU)。BIJIAOFAXIAN,ZAISHUANGXIURIHEJIEJIARIHAIZIWANYOUXIDEBILIGAOYUJIAZHANG,BIJIAZHANGGAO37GEBAIFENDIAN;ERJIAZHANGZAIWANSHANGLINSHUIQIAN、XIABANHOUWANYOUXIDEBILIMINGXIANGAOYUHAIZI。ZHEISHUOMING,JIAZHANGZAIZHIPEIZIJIWANYOUXIDESHIJIANFANGMIANGENGJIAZIYOU,ERHAIZIYOUYUFUMU、XUEXIAODEJIANGUANYIJIXUEXIYALIDENGYUANYIN,GENGDUODIXUANZEZAISHUANGXIURIHUOJIEJIARIWANYOUXI。

5.孩子在网络游戏上花钱多,家长在网络游戏上花钱少。

DADUOSHUJIAZHANGHEHAIZIZAIYOUXIHUAFEISHANGJUNJIAOWEILIXING,CHAOGUOBACHENGJIAZHANG(86.0%)HEHAIZI(80.2%)MEIGEXINGQIHUAFEIZAIWANGLUOYOUXISHANGDEQIANWEI0YUAN,JIDADUOSHUJIAZHANGHEHAIZIBUHUIHUAQIANQUWANWANGLUOYOUXI。DANJINGGUOBIJIAOYEKEYIKANCHU,HAIZIZAIWANGLUOYOUXISHANGHUAQIANDERENSHUBILIGAOYUJIAZHANG。

6.孩子沉迷网络游戏的比例高,家长沉迷网络游戏的比例低。

WANGLUOYOUXIDEZHENGCHANGSHIYONGZHEBILI,JIAZHANG(90.0%)BIHAIZI(79.0%)GAO11GEBAIFENDIAN;CHENMIWANGLUOYOUXIDEBILI,HAIZI(18.5%)BIJIAZHANG(7.6%)GAOJIN11GEBAIFENDIAN;WANGLUOYOUXICHENGYINZHEDEBILI,JIAZHANGYUHAIZICHABIEBUDA,BINGQIEJUNDIYU3%。

ZHEISHUOMING,JUEDADUOSHUHAIZIDOUNENGLIZHI、ZHENGCHANGSHIYONGWANGLUO,YOUXIXINGWEICHENGYINDEHAIZIBILIWEI2.6%,YESHUOMINGXIHUANWANGLUOYOUXIDEHAIZIBINGFEIJIAZHANGHUOLAOSHISUOXIANGXIANGDEDOUSHIWANGYINZHE。

DANZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,HAIZIZHONGWANGLUOYOUXICHENMIZHECHAOGUO18GEBAIFENDIAN,ZHEIBUFENHAIZIXUYAOJIAZHANG、JIAOSHIJIAQIANGYINDAO。

7.亲子关系越差,孩子越认为网络游戏利大于弊,孩子越喜欢玩游戏,孩子在网络游戏上花费越多,孩子玩网络游戏频率越高,孩子网络游戏成瘾的比例越高。

SHUJUXIANSHI,QINZIGUANXIHENBUHAODEJIATINGZHONG,RENWEIYOUXILIDAYUBIDEHAIZIBILIMINGXIANGAOYUQITASILEIJIATING,SHUOMINGQINZIGUANXIJIAOHAOSHI,FUMUNENGGENGHAODIMANZUHAIZIDEGEFANGMIANXUQIU,GUANXINHEPEIBANNENGJIANGDIHAIZIDUIYOUXIDEXUQIU。

QINZIGUANXIZHUANGKUANGYEDUIHAIZIWANWANGLUOYOUXIDEPINLVYOUXIANZHUYINGXIANG。QINZIGUANXIJIAOHAODEJIATINGZHONG,HAIZIWANWANGLUOYOUXIDEPINLVXIANGDUIJIAODI,ERMEIZHOUWANWULIUCI、JIHUMEITIANDOUWANWANGLUOYOUXIDEBILI,ZAIQINZIGUANXIHENBUHAODEJIATINGHEJIWEI50.0%,YUQINZIGUANXIHENHAODEJIATINGXIANGCHAJIN33GEBAIFENDIAN。

8.家长对孩子首次接触网络游戏的时间存在认知偏差。

HAIZIDAGAICONGHESHIKAISHIWANWANGLUOYOUXI?DIAOCHAJIEGUOFAXIAN,FUMURENWEIHAIZICONGXIAOXUESANSINIANJIKAISHIWANWANGLUOYOUXIDEBILIWEI22.9%,HAIZIBAOGAODEBILIWEI29.0%,XIANGCHA6GEBAIFENDIAN。JIAZHANGSUOLEJIEDEHAIZIKAISHIWANWANGLUOYOUXIDESHIJIANBIZHENSHIDESHIJIANWAN,SHUOMINGHAIZITONGCHANGBUHUIZHUDONGXIANGJIAZHANGHUIBAOWANWANGLUOYOUXIZHEILEIHUODONG,YOUSHISHENZHIYINWEIHAIPAJIAZHANGZEBEIERGUYIYINMAN,YIBANSHIHAIZIKAISHIWANWANGLUOYOUXIYIDUANSHIJIANHOUJIAZHANGCAIFAXIAN。

9.孩子及家长对网络游戏监管程度存在认知差异。

54.1%DEJIAZHANGRENWEIZIJIZONGSHIHUOZHEJINGCHANG“ZHIZHIHAIZIWANWANGLUOYOUXI”,RANERRENWEIFUMUZONGSHIHUOJINGCHANG“ZHIZHIZIJIWANWANGLUOYOUXI”DEHAIZIZHIYOU42.9%,KEJIANJIAZHANGDEMOUXIEJIANGUANCUOSHIKENENGDUIYUHAIZILAISHUOBINGFEIYOUXIAO,LIRUHAIZIKENENGHUIZAIJIAZHANGGUIDINGDESHIJIANYIWAITOUTOUDIWANYOUXI,FUMUBUTONGDETAIDUHEJIANGUANCHENGDUYEKENENGDAOZHIZHEIYIJIEGUO。

10.家长应树立“适度游戏益脑,沉迷游戏伤身”的正确游戏观。

JIAZHANGYINGDANGZHUDONGYUHAIZIJIANLIXIANGHUZUNZHONG、XIANGHUXINRENDEQINZIGUANXI,YUHAIZIJINXINGYOUXIAOGOUTONG,JIHAIZISHIDANGDEBANGZHUHEYINDAO,BIMIANHAIZITONGGUOCHENMIWANGLUOYOUXIDEFANGSHILAIMIBUZIJIZAIQINGGAN、JINGSHENSHENGHUOSHANGDEKONGQUE。

JIAZHANGZISHENDESHIFANZUOYONGYEHENZHONGYAO,YAOCHONGFENRENSHIBINGBANGZHUZINVRENSHIDAOWANGLUOYOUXIDEFUMIANGONGNENG。TONGSHIYAOKEXUE、HELIDIZHICHIHAIZIJIECHUWANGLUOYOUXI,JIHAIZISHIDUDEZHIDIANYUBANGZHU,BIMIANGUOYUPINFANDEYOUXIPINLV、GUODUOXIANGZINVTUIJIANWANGLUOYOUXI、GUODUZHICHIZINVWANWANGLUOYOUXIDENGXINGWEI。TONGGUOLIANGHAODEJIATINGJIAOYU,BANGZHUZINVXINGCHENGZHENGQUEDEWANGLUOYOUXIRENZHI,QUEBAOZINVDEYOUXIXINGWEIZAIJIANKANG、HELIDEFANWEIZHINEI。

(ZUOZHEXIZHONGGUOQINGSHAONIANYANJIUZHONGXINSHAONIANERTONGYANJIUSUOSUOZHANG)

湖北快3《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN12YUE26RIDI10BAN 

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