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调查显示,企业参与现代学徒制短期内收不抵支,学徒在企业平均留任率为46.5%

企业参与现代学徒制的积极性如何调动

发布时间:2019-12-24 作者:冉云芳 来源:中国教育报

2014NIANYILAI,JIAOYUBUXIANHOUGONGBULESANPIXIANDAIXUETUZHISHIDIANDANWEIHEXINGYESHIDIANQIANTOUDANWEI,GONGJI562JIA。ZAIZHENGFUDALITUIDONGXIA,XIANDAIXUETUZHISHIDIANGONGZUOQUDELEYIDINGCHENGXIAO,RANERQITESEHEYOUSHIBINGWEINENGCHONGFENZHANGXIAN。QIYESHITUIJINXIANDAIXUETUZHIDEGUANJIANZHUTI,DANGQIYEFAXIANZUIZHONGHUODEDESHOUYIYUCHENGBENTOURUBUXIANGPIPEISHI,JIUKENENGHUIJIANSHAOTOURUHUOZHONGZHIHEZUO。BIZHEZAI2015NIANSHOUPIJIAOYUBUSHIDIANDISHIJIDANWEIZHONG,XUANZELEYUZHEJIANGSHENGSHIDIANDISHIHEZHIYEYUANXIAOKAIZHANXUETUPEIYANGDE89JIAQIYEXIANGGUANFUZERENJINXINGJIEGOUSHIFANGTAN,YI2018JIXUETUWEILI,HUODE103FENYOUXIAOSHUJU(YOUDEQIYETONGSHIYUDUOSUOGAOZHIYUANXIAOHEZHONGZHIXUEXIAOHEZUO,YANJIUZHONGZHIXUANZEQIZHONGYISUOGAOZHIHEYISUOZHONGZHIZUOWEIDAIBIAO,YINCIYOUXIAOSHUJUDUOYUQIYESHU),DUIQIYECANYUXIANDAIXUETUZHIJINGSHOUYIJINXINGLEXIANGXIFENXI。

    学徒培养期间,企业总体处于亏损状态

PINGJUNERYAN,QIYECANYUXIANDAIXUETUZHIQIJIANZHICHUDEDUANQICHENGBENWEI47549.24YUAN/REN,HUODEDEDUANQISHOUYIWEI45396.92YUAN/REN,DUANQIJINGSHOUYIWEI-2152.32YUAN/REN,DUANQITOUZIHUIBAOLVWEI-3.2%。ZHEIBIAOMING,QIYECANYUXIANDAIXUETUZHIZAIDUANQINEICHUYUKUISUNZHUANGTAI。DANQIYEZHIJIANHUOLICHAYIBIJIAOMINGXIAN,DUANQIJINGSHOUYIHEDUANQITOUZIHUIBAOLVWEIFUZHIHEZHENGZHIDEQIYEFENBIEYOU59JIAHE44JIA,ZHANBIFENBIEWEI57.3%HE42.7%。

DUANQICHENGBENZHONG,XUETUSHIXIBUTIEYUFULICHENGBENWEI30333.96YUAN/REN,ZHANBIWEI63.8%;XUETUPEIXUNCHENGBENWEI15551.01YUAN/REN,ZHANBIWEI32.7%;QITA4XIANGCHENGBENGONGJIWEI1664.28YUAN/REN,ZHANBIWEI3.5%(JIANTU1)。

DUANQISHOUYIZHONG,XUETUDESHENGCHANJIAZHIHEJIEYUEDEYONGGONGCHENGBENFENBIEWEI38895.8YUAN/RENHE3551.03YUAN/REN,ZHANBIFENBIEWEI82.5%HE7.8%;XUEXIAOZIYUANDESHIYONGSHOUYIHEZHENGFUYOUHUIZHENGCEDEBUJISHOUYIGONGJIWEI4402.88YUAN/REN,ZHANBIWEI9.7%(JIANTU2)。

KEJIAN,QIYECANYUXIANDAIXUETUZHIDEDUANQICHENGBENZHUYAOYOUQIYEZHIFUJIXUETUDESHIXIBUTIEYUFULICHENGBENHEXUETUPEIXUNCHENGBENLIANGXIANGGOUCHENG,ZHANBI96.5%。DUANQISHOUYIJUEDADUOSHUDOUSHIYOUXUETUCANYUDINGGANGSHIXIDAILAIDE,JIEYUEDEYONGGONGCHENGBENZHUYAOSHIXUETUCONGSHISHENGCHANRENWUERBUYONGJIAONAWUXIANYIJINDECHENGBEN,XUETUDAILAIDESHENGCHANJIAZHIJIJIEYUEDEYONGGONGCHENGBENGONGJIZHANBIWEI90.3%。

    学徒培养结束后,企业长期收益较低

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KEJIAN,QIYECANYUXIANDAIXUETUZHIDEZHANGQISHOUYIJIAOGAODESHIRENLIZIYUANTOUZISHOUYI,YOUQISHI“SHAIXUANYOUXIUXUETULIURENQIYE,FANGZHIYUANGONGDUANQUE”“XUETULIURENHOUGENGRENTONGHUBEIKUAI3,JIANGDILIUDONGLV”ZHEILIANGXIANGSHOUYIJUNZHIGAOYU4FEN,CHUYUBIJIAOGAODEZHUANGTAI。ZHEIZHUYAOSHIYOUXUETULIURENQIYECHENGWEIZHENGSHIYUANGONGDAILAIDESHOUYI。BENCIZHENDUIXUETULIURENLVDIAOCHA,SUOYOUQIYEPINGJUNLIURENLVWEI46.5%,YUDADUOSHUQIYECANYUXIANDAIXUETUZHICHIYOURENLIZIYUANJILEIDEDONGJIXIANGWENHE。

SHEHUISHICHANGGONGJISHOUYICHUYUYIBANZHUANGTAI,YIXIEQIYECANYUXIANDAIXUETUZHIZHUYAOSHIWEILETISHENGQISHICHANGXINGXIANGHEJINGZHENGLI。

HEZUOXUEXIAOGONGJISHOUYIHEZHENGFUZHENGCEGONGJISHOUYIZEXIANGDUIJIAODI,GENYUANZAIYUXUEXIAOZIYUANBINGWEIZAIXUETUPEIYANGGUOCHENGZHONGJIQIYEDAILAIXIAOYI,ZHENGFUDEYOUHUIZHENGCEYEWEINENGPUHUIJICANYUXUETUPEIYANGDEQIYE。

    保障长期利益获得,激发企业参与积极性

JIANYIYI:JIANLICHENGBENFENDANJIZHI,CHUTAIYIXUETULIURENWEIHEXINDEDAOXIANGZHENGCE,BAOZHENGQIYELIYIHUODE。

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YINCI,YIFANGMIAN,QIYEYINGDUISHIFUJINXINGXUANBA,BINGCAIQUJILICUOSHIDUIQIDAITUGONGZUOJIYUKENDING,TONGSHI,ZHONGDIANJIUCUOZHEJIAOYU、GANGWEIRENTONG、ZHIYESUYANGDENGFANGMIANJIANLISHITUGOUTONGJIZHI。LINGYIFANGMIAN,QIYEYINGYUXUEXIAOGONGTONGZHIDINGPINGJIABIAOZHUN,DUIXUETUJINXINGZONGHEKAOHEPINGDING,ZUOWEIQIBIYEBIAOZHUNZHIYI,TISHENGXUETUPEIYANGZHILIANG。

(ZUOZHEXISUZHOUDAXUEYOUXIUQINGNIANXUEZHE,BENWENXIGUOJIASHEKEJIJINJIAOYUXUEYIBANXIANGMU“ZHIYEJIAOYUXIAOQIHEZUODECHENGBENSHOUYIYUBOYIXINGWEIYANJIU”DEJIEDUANCHENGGUO)

《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN12YUE24RIDI9BAN 

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