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种植饲养是幼儿亲近自然佳径

发布时间:2019-12-22 作者:高妙 来源:中国教育报

ERTONGDE“ZIRANQUESHI”YIJINGCHENGWEIBUKEHUSHIDEWENTI。ZAIDANGXIAXINXISHIDAI,SUIZHEDIANZIJISHUZAISHENGHUOZHONGDEGUANGFANSHENTOU,MEIGERENDOUBUDEBUJIECHUHESHIYONGDIANZICHANPIN。WULUNNONGCUNHAISHICHENGSHI,RENMENDOUDUITAISHIJI、PINGBANDIANNAOYIJIZHINENGSHOUJIYILAIXINGYUELAIYUEQIANG。DIANZIXINXIPINGJIEQIYIHUODEXING、GAOCIJIXINGHEGAOBAOHEDU,JIYISHIYOUERSHANGYIN。ERYOUERYIDANSHANGYIN,JIUHUIDUIXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGZHENSHIDEREN、SHI、WUSHIQUXINGQU。

MEIGUOZUOJIALICHADE·LUOFUZHICHU,SHENGHUOZAIGANGJINHUNNINGTUCONGLINLI、BEIGAOKEJICHANPINBAOWEIDEERTONGYINYUZIRANXIANGTUOLI,JIYICHUXIANGANTONGSHIDIAO、FEIPANG、TANGNIAOBING、DUODONGZHENGHEYIYUDENGZHENGZHUANG,TAJIANGZHEIXIEZHENGZHUANGTONGCHENGWEI“ZIRANQUESHIZHENG”。TAIWANZUOJIASANMAOZAI20SHIJI90NIANDAI,JIUJIANGYUZIRANXIANGTUOLI,SHIQUDAZIRANFUYUDELINGXINGDEERTONGCHENGWEI“SULIAOERTONG”。

JIYUDANGXIAERTONGDESHENGCUNZHUANGTAIHEFAZHANXIANZHUANG,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANFABUDE《GUANYUXUEQIANJIAOYUSHENHUAGAIGEGUIFANFAZHANDERUOGANYIJIAN》TICHU,“JIANCHIYIYOUXIWEIJIBENHUODONG……GULIZHICHIYOUERTONGGUOQINJINZIRAN、ZHIJIEGANZHI、SHIJICAOZUO、QINSHENTIYANDENGFANGSHIXUEXITANSUO”,ZHEISHIYOUERYUANKECHENGGAIGEHEJIANSHEDEZHONGYAOFANGXIANG。

亲近自然意味着与自然亲密互动

RENSHENGZAOQIDESHENGMINGCHENGZHANGJINGCHANGSHIYUZIRANLIANXIZAIYIQIDE。ERTONGDESHENGMINGCHENGZHANGXUYAOZIRANDEYUANSUJIYUZIYANG,TAMENZAIQINJINZIRANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,CHONGSHISHENGMING、WANSHANZIWO。DANGQIAN,YOUERYUZIRANDEDUANLIE,BUJINYINGXIANGYOUERDESHENXINJIANKANG,ERQIEHUIJIAJUYOUERYUZIRANZHIJIANDEGEHE,DAOZHIYOUERXIANZAIYIJIJIANGLAI,ZAIRENLEIZHONGXINZHUYISHIJIAOXIABUZIJUEDIDUIZIRANSHENGTAIJINXINGPOHUAI。YINCI,CONGHUANJINGKECHIXUFAZHANDEJIAODU,CONGXIAOPEIYANGYOUERZUNZHONGZIRAN、REAIZIRANHEBAOHUZIRANXIANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO。ERYAODADAOZHEIYIMUBIAO,BIXUCONGRANGYOUERYOUJIHUIQINJINZIRANZUOQI。ZHIYOUZAIQINJINZIRANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHUJIANRENSHIZIRAN,JINERMENGFAZUNZHONGZIRANHEREAIZIRANDETAIDU,ZUIHOUCAIHUICHANSHENGBAOHUZIRANDEXINGDONG。

QINJINZIRANBUSHIPANGGUANZIRAN,ERSHIYIWEIZHEYOUERZHUDONGYUZIRANCHONGFENHUDONG,ZAIHUDONGZHONGXINGCHENGQINMIYOUHAODEGUANXI。ZAITIGONGLEQINJINZIRANDETIAOJIANHOU,CHENGRENHAIYINGJIYOUERTIGONGJIHUIYUZIRANQINMIHUDONG。YOUERYUANYAORENSHIDAO,YUANLIDEZHIWUBUSHIYONGLAIGUANSHANGDE,ERSHIYONGLAITANJIUDE;YUANLIDEZHONGZHIBUSHIYOUERPANGGUANCHENGRENZHONGZHI,ERSHIYOUERQINZICANYUZHONGZHI、ZHAOLIAOHESHOUHUODEQUANGUOCHENG;YUANLIDESIYANGYEBUSHICHENGRENSIYANG、YOUERGUANKAN,ERSHIYOUERLISUONENGJIDIQINZICHENGDANSIYANGHEZHAOGUXIAODONGWUDEZEREN,ZAIZHAOGUZHONGPEIYANGYUDONGWUDEQINGGAN。YINCI,CHENGRENYINGGENJUYOUERDENIANLINGJINENGLISHUIPING,JINKENENGDUODIJIANGDONGSHOUDEJIHUILIUJIYOUER。RANGYOUERZAIQINJINZIRANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,HUODEGANSHOUHETIYAN,TISHENGNENGLIHEPINZHI,WANSHANGEXINGHERENGE。

打造利于幼儿获取经验的资源环境

YOUERYUANKECHENGGAIGEHEJIANSHEDEZHONGYAORENWUZHIYIJIUSHIWAJUEHELIYONGKECHENGZIYUAN,WANSHANYOUERYUANHUANJING。ZIRANZIYUANHEZIRANHUANJINGSHIZUISHIHEERTONGSHENXINFAZHANTEDIANDE。

SHOUXIAN,YOUERYUANHUWAIHUODONGCHANGDIDEDIMIANYINGDUOYANGHUA,RUTIGONGCAODI、TUDI、SHADI、ZHUANDIDENG,JINKENENGBAOCHIZIRAN,JIANSHAOSUJIAODIPINGDEDAMIANJISHIYONG。

QICI,YOUERYUANZHIWUGUIHUAYINGCHAOYUELVHUADEDANYIYAOQIU,QIANGDIAOCONGYOUERJINGYANHUODEDEGAODUSHEJIYOUERYUANSHUMUDEZHONGLEI,RANGYOUERNENGGOUJINKENENGDUODIGANZHIDANGDISHUMUDEDUOYANGXINGHEZHUYAOTEZHENG,JINLIQUEBAOCHUNYOUHUA、XIAYOUYIN、QIUYOUGUO、DONGYOUQING,RANGYOUERZAIYUANNEIJIUNENGGANZHIJIJIEDEGENGDIE。

ZAIQICI,YOUERYUANYINGJINKENENGKAIPIYIKUAIZHONGZHIYUANDI,YUBANNEIZIRANJIAOXIANGJIEHE,WEIYOUERTIGONGZHONGZHIJIHUI。ZHONGZHIZHONGLEI、ZHIWUXINGTAI、SHENGZHANGTIAOJIAN、PEIZHIFANGSHI、ZHONGZHIDIDIANDENG,DOUYINGJINKENENGDUOYANGHUA。LIANGSHI、SHUCAI、HUACAODENG,DOUKEYIZUOWEIZHONGZHIDUIXIANG。KEYOUYISHIDIXUANZEGAOAIBUTONG、YEZIXINGZHUANGBUTONG、SHIYONGBUWEIBUTONGDEZHIWUJINXINGZHONGZHI。ZHONGZHIDEZHIWUKEYOUXIGUANGYUXIYINZHIBIE。PEIZHIFANGSHIKEYOUTUPEI、SHUIPEIDENG。YOUERJIKEZAIZHONGZHIYUANDI,YEKEZAIBANNEIZIRANJIAO,HAIKEZAIBUTONGDAXIAODERONGQILIZHONGZHIZHIWU。

ZUIHOU,YOUERYUANYINGWEIYOUERTIGONGJIECHUDONGWUDETIAOJIAN。KESHEBANJISIYANGJIAOHEGONGGONGSIYANGQU,GENJUDANGDIQIHOUTEZHENGJIDONGWUDUOYANGXING,WEIYANGYIXIEWUGUI、CAN、CANGSHU、JINYU、TUZI、XIAOJI、YANGDENGDONGWU。YOUERYUANKEGENJUBENYUANKONGJIANHEJINGJITIAOJIAN,XUANZEZHANGQISIYANGHUOJIEDUANXINGSIYANG。TIAOJIANBUCHONGFENDEYOUERYUANKEGENJUZHUTIHUODONGXUYAO、YOUERXINGQUDENG,ZHICHIYOUERDUANQISIYANGDONGWU,ZAIHUODONGJIESHUZHIHOU,ZAIJIANGDONGWUTUOSHANANZHI。

用适宜的活动生发综合的经验

ZHONGZHISIYANGDEGUOCHENG,YOUERZONGHUITICHUHENDUOWENTI,YUANYIJIAOLIUGEZHONGFAXIAN,XUNZHAOGEZHONGJIEJUEWENTIDEFANGFA,SHIYIDEHUODONGYOULIYUYOUERSHENGFAZONGHEDEJINGYAN。

CONGKEXUEJIAOYUDEJIAODUKAN,YOUERZAIQINJINZIRANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,HUIDUIDAZIRANDEBIANHUACHANSHENGXINGQU,BINGTONGGUOGUANCHA、TIWEN、TANJIUHETAOLUN,FAXIANDAZIRANDEMIMI,ZHANGWOKEXUETANJIUDEFANGFAHEJINENG。

CONGJIANKANGJIAOYUDEJIAODUKAN,YOUERZAIZHAOLIAODONGZHIWUGUOCHENGZHONG,DAJIROU、XIAOJIROUNENGLIDOUYOUJIHUIDEDAODUANLIAN。CIWAI,JIAOSHIYEKEYIZHENDUIYOUERCUNZAIDEPIANSHI、TIAOSHIWENTIXUANZEZHONGZHIZHONGLEI,PEIYANGYOUERLIANGHAODEYINSHIXIGUAN。

CONGYUYANJIAOYUDEJIAODUKAN,QINJINZIRANWEIYOUERTIGONGLEQUANYUYANXUEXIHUANJING。ZHAOLIAODONGZHIWUDEGUOCHENGHUIJIFAYOUERBIAODADEYUANWANG,FENGFUYOUERDECIHUI,CUJINQIKOUYUBIAODANENGLIJIQIANYUEDUHEQIANSHUXIEJINENGFAZHAN。

CONGSHEHUIJIAOYUDEJIAODUKAN,YOUERXUYAOYUJIAOSHI、TONGBANHEZUOWANCHENGZHONGZHIHESIYANGRENWU,JIAOLIUGEZHONGFAXIAN,YOUSHIHAIXUHEZUOJINXINGSHIYAN,TANJIUDONGZHIWUSHENGZHANGGUILV。DUIDONGZHIWUDEGUANLIHEZHAOLIAO,YEYOUZHUYUPEIYANGYOUERCHUBUDEZERENGAN。

CONGYISHUJIAOYUDEJIAODUKAN,ZHONGZHIHESIYANGHUODONGWEIYOUERTIGONGLEFENGFUDEYISHUBIAOXIANNEIRONG。YOUERTONGGUORENZHENXIZHIDIGUANCHADONGZHIWU,KEYIFAXIANDONGZHIWUDEMEI,BINGYONGMEISHU、WUDAOHEYINLEDENGYISHUXINGSHIBIAODACHULAI。

TONGSHI,YOUERZAIQINJINZIRANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOSHIYAOZHUYISHENTOUKECHIXUFAZHANLINIAN,BANGZHUYOUERCHUBULIJIEDONGZHIWUSHENGCUNDEQUANLIYIJIYUQITASHENGWUDEPINGDENGHEGONGSHENGGUANXI,XUEHUIZUNZHONGZIRAN、BAOHUZIRAN。

(ZUOZHEDANWEI:NANJINGSHIFANDAXUEJIAOYUKEXUEXUEYUAN)

《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN12YUE22RIDI3BAN 

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