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用身边资源助推幼儿游戏——

玩转“卡卡汽车城”

发布时间:2019-12-22 作者:李岩 来源:中国教育报

YOUERSHIZAISHENGHUOYUYOUXIZHONGXUEXIDE,YINCI,YOUERJIAOYUWUFATUOLIXIANSHISHENGHUOERJINXING。ZENYANGBASHEQU、JIATINGHEYOUERYUANDEZIYUANYOUXIAOZHENGHEZAIYIQI,ZONGHELIYONGGEZHONGJIAOYUZIYUANGOUJIANFENGFUDUOYUANDEKECHENG,CUJINYOUERXUEXIYUFAZHAN,SHIWOMENBUDUANSISUODEWENTI。YI“KAKAQICHECHENG”HUODONGWEILI,WOMENDEZUOFASHI:YINDAOJIAZHANGCANYUKECHENGJIANSHE,BAFENGFUDESHEHUIHEJIAOYUZIYUANDAIJINYOUERYUAN,TONGSHIDAPOXIAOYUANWEIQIANG,DAILINGYOUERZOUXIANGSHEHUI,KUOZHANYOUERDESHENGHUOHEXUEXIKONGJIAN。

追随幼儿兴趣,引发自主游戏活动

“WOZAIMALUBIAN”ZHUTIHUODONGKAIZHANZHONG,HAIZIMENSHOUJIDAOHENDUOQICHEWANJU,XINXINLAZHEBEIBEIWANQILEMAIQICHEDEYOUXI,SUIRANYOUXIJIANDAN,QUEXIYINLEHAOJIGEHAIZILAIMAIQICHE。YOUXIFENXIANGHUANJIE,XINXINHEBEIBEIFENXIANGLEMAIQICHEDEJINGLI,YIXIAZIJIFALEHAIZIMENDEXINGQU,DIERTIANZHEILIJIUPAIQILEZHANGDUI。

ZHENGZHIRIZHAOSHIHUIZHANZHONGXINJUBAN“QICHEZHAN”,YOUDEHAIZISUIJIAZHANGQUCANGUAN,HUILAIHOUXINGGAOCAILIEDIGENDAJIAFENXIANG:“WOKANDAOFENGTIAN、AODIDENGHAODUOPINPAIDEQICHE。”“WOKANDAOYOUPIAOLIANGDEAYICHUANZHEHUAQUNZIDANGCHEMO,MAICHEHAINENGCHOUJIANG。”……

CHEZHANHUATIZENGJIALEHAIZIMENDUIQICHEDEXINGQU,YOUDEHAIZIDAILAILEQICHEHUIBEN,JIAWEIHUIYEZHUDONGJIYOUERYUANTIANZHILEHENDUOGUANYUQICHEDESHUJI。SUIZHEJINGYANDEFENGFU,MAIMAIYOUXIGENGJIAYOUQULE。HAIZIMENMAILEQICHEHOUZAIJIAOSHILIKAILAIKAIQUTEBIENAOTENG,JIAOSHISHISHIYINDAO:DARENMAILEQICHEHOUHAIXUYAOGANSHENME?

“XUYAOGUAPAIZHAO,HAIDEJIAYOU、XICHE,HAIKEYIQULVXING、JIUCAN……”HAIZIMENZHANKAILEXIANGXIANG,JIAOSHIYINDAOHAIZIMENGONGTONGTAOLUNXUYAOCHUANGSHEDEYOUXIQUHOU,YITAMENDEXINGQUHESHENGHUOJINGYANWEIYIJUSHENGCHENGLEAICHESHIPINDIAN、FUWUQUCANTING、AICHEJULEBUDENGYUZHUTIXIANGGUANDEXINQUYU,JIANGBANJIDAZAOCHENGLE“KAKAQICHECHENG”。JIAOSHIYIGAICHUANTONGZUOFA,FANGSHOUJIANGYOUXIHAIJIHAIZIMEN,GULITAMENCANYUYOUXIHUANJINGDESHEJI、CAILIAODESHOUJIYUZHUANGSHI。

JIYUYOUERXINGQUDEYOUXIGENGNENGYINFAYOUERDEZHUDONGTANJIUHEZIZHUXUEXI。“KAKAQICHECHENG”XIAOSHEQUDECHUANGLI,YUANYUJIAOSHINENGGUANZHUYOUERHUATI,JINJINZHUISUIYOUERDEXINGQU,MINRUIBUZHUOYOUJIAZHIDEXINXIBINGYANSHENGCHUTANJIUHUODONG,MANZULEYOUERYOUXIHETANJIUDEXUQIU,ZHEISHICHUFASHENGHUOHUAKECHENGDEGUANJIAN。JIAOSHIYEZHENZHENGTUIDAOLEMUHOU,CONGQUYUDEGUIHUAZHEZHUANBIANWEIYOUERYOUXIDEZHUISUIZHE。

体验社会生活,丰富幼儿游戏经验

DUIYURUHETUIXIAOQICHE,HAIZIMENTEBIEXIANGDAOZHENZHENGDEQICHEZHANXIAODIANQUKANKAN,JIAZHANGLIANXILEQICHE4SDIAN,YUSHIHAIZIMENDAIZHEDIAOCHABIAOHE“XIAOWENHAO”QINZITIYANHEXIANCHANGDIAOCHA。YUANLAI,ZHEILIYOUHAODUOGONGZUORENYUAN,YOUTUIXIAOQICHEDE,YOUBAOYANGWEIXIUQICHEDE,HAIYOUSHICHENGSHIJIADE……HAIZIMENLEJIEDAOQICHEXIAOSHOUDEGUOCHENG,GUANKANLERUHEWEIXIUQICHE,RENSHILEQICHEGOUZAO。MOHANMAMACENGZAI4SDIANGONGZUOGUO,TADAILAIYITANGSHENGDONGDEXIAOSHOUKE,PEIXUNLELIYIYIJIMAICHELIUCHENGDENG。

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引入教育活动,助推幼儿深度学习

HAIZIMENFAXIANYIXIEQICHEHENKUAIJIUWANHUAILE,BINGQIEHAOWANDECHEYIHUIERJIUMAIWANLE,ZAITAOLUNZHONG,TAMENJUEDINGZHIZUOGEZHONGQICHE,YUSHIKAISHELE“QICHEZHIZAOBU”。ZUICHU,TAMENSHEJIDEQICHEZAOXINGJIANDAN,ZHISHIYIGEZHIHEANSHANGCHELUN。WEIKUOZHANTAMENDEXIANGXIANGLI,JIAOSHISHISHIKAIZHANLE“XIAOCHEMI”JIAOYUHUODONG,HUANQIYOUERDEJINGYAN,JIFAYOUERTANJIUXINGQU。HAIZIMENCONGZHONGRENSHILEGEZHONGQICHE,LEJIELEQIGOUZAOHEGONGNENG,BINGSHEJIZHIZUOLEFANGCHE、YOUGUANCHE、FENGNENGQICHEHEGEZHONGWEILAIDEQICHE,CHONGFENTIYANLEZHIZUODELEQU。

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融入教育内容,丰富游戏发展价值

HANHANDAILAILEBABADEJIAZHAO,JIAZHAOSHICONGNALILAIDE?HAIZIMENZHENGLUNBUXIU:“SHICONGCHAOSHILIMAIDE”“SHIJIAOJINGSHUSHUFADE”“SHIMAICHESONGDE”……TAMENHUIJIACAIFANGLEBABAMAMA,BINGYONGHUIHUAXINGSHIBIAOZHENGCHULAIHEDAJIAFENXIANG,YUANLAISHIXUYAOKAOSHIDE,KAOSHIHEGECAINENGNADAOJIAZHAO。

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RONGHEDUOLINGYUXUEXIDE“KAKAQICHECHENG”ZHUTITANJIUHUODONGZHUJIANFENGFU。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGCHONGFENSHUOMING,JIAOSHIZHIYOUZHUISUIYOUERXINGQU,SHANYUSHIBIEKECHENGJIAZHI,CHONGFENDIAODONGSHENBIANDEZIYUAN,RANGJIAZHANGCHENGWEIJIAOYUDETONGMENGJUN,RANGSHEHUIWEIYOUERTIGONGSHENGHUOHUADEJIAOYUHUANJINGHEFENGFUDESHEHUITIYAN,CAINENGYOUXIAOZHICHIYOUERDEZHUDONGTANJIUHEZIZHUXUEXI,RANGYOUERHUODESHENGDONGERFUYOUYIYIDEFAZHAN。

(ZUOZHEXISHANDONGSHENGRIZHAOSHIQUFUSHIFANDAXUEFUSHUSHIYANXUEXIAOYOUERYUANFUYUANZHANG)

《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN12YUE22RIDI3BAN 

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