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入户指导增家长育儿真本领

发布时间:2019-12-22 作者:金雨玖 来源:中国教育报

SUIZHECHENGSHIHUAJINCHENGJIAKUAI,HENDUOCHENGJIAODIDAICHAIQIANHOUXINJIANLEXIAOQU,TONGSHIPEIJIANLEGONGBANYUAN。ZHEIXIEYOUERYUANHAIZIDEFUMU,SHUOTAMENSHINONGMIN,KEJIHUMEIYOUTIANDI;SHUOTAMENSHISHIMIN,QUEYOUJIBENSHANGDOUSHINONGHU。CHUBENDIRENWAI,HAIYOUWAIJILIUDONGRENKOUHEFUJINXIANGCUNJINCHENGDEDAGONGZU。ZHEIXIEDIQUPUBIANCUNZAICHENGXIANGWENHUACHONGTUMINGXIAN、JIAOYUZIYUANDUANQUE、JIATINGJIAOYUSHUIPINGBUGAODENGWENTI。

JIYUCI,WOMENSHITUTONGGUORUHUZHIDAODEFANGSHI,LIZUYUZHIDINGYIDUIYIZHIDAOFANGAN,MIANDUIMIANJINXINGZHIJIEZHIDAO。ZHIZAIWEICHENGXIANGJIEHEBUDEMUBIAOJIATINGTIGONGGENJINSHIZHIDAO,BANGZHUCHUANGSHELIANGHAODEYOUERCHENGZHANGHUANJING,TIGAOQINZIHUDONGZHILIANG。

基于问题导向,确定目标家庭需求

WEISHIRUHUZHIDAOGENGYOUZHENDUIXING,WOMENDUIYOUERJIATINGQINGKUANGJINXINGMODI,JIEGUOFAXIANZAISHIYEDANWEIGONGZUODEJIAZHANGZHANJISHAOSHU,QITEDIANSHIWENHUASUZHIJIAOGAO、YOUZHUDONGHUOQUJIAOYUXINXIDEYISHI、JIAOYUGUANNIANJIAOXIN,DANQUESHAOPEIBANHAIZIDESHIJIAN;ZIYOUZHIYEHECHAIQIANNONGHUJIAZHANGZHANDUOSHU,QITEDIANSHIWENHUASUZHIZHENGTIPIANDI、JIATINGJIAOYUZHISHIQUEFA。WEIDADAO“YIDIANDAIMIAN、FUSHEQUANTI”DEXIAOGUO,ZAISHIJIANQIANQI,WOMENZHAOKAIJIAZHANGZUOTANHUI,XUANQUYOUJUTIXUQIUDE20GEZAIYUANYOUERJIATINGZUOWEIMUBIAOJIATING(3—4SUI5MING,4—5SUI5MING,5—6SUI5MING,6—7SUI5MING)。JIYUWOYUAN“YOUERYUANFAZHANNENGLIKECHENG”ZHEIYIYUANBENKECHENGQUEDINGDEFAZHANMUBIAO,WOMENZHENDUIBUTONGNIANLINGDUANYOUERSHENXINFAZHANQINGKUANG,ZHIDINGLECECHAFANGAN,CONGDAJIROUDONGZUO、JINGXIDONGZUO、RENZHINENGLI、YUYANNENGLI、QINGXUYUSHEHUIXINGWEIWUDAFANGMIANDUIYOUERZUOJIBENLEJIE。

LIRU3—4SUIDECECHAFANGANZHONGZIXIANGMUZHONGDIANWEI:

DAJIROUDONGZUO——ZAIGAO20cmPINGHENGMUSHANGGULIYOUERSHUNLIXINGZOU。JINGXIDONGZUO——GULIYOUERZIJIANSHUNXUFANGHAOTAOTONG,NENGANYOUXIAODAODADESHUNXUTAO6GEYISHANG。RENZHINENGLI——ZHUNBEI8—12ZHANGJIAOTONGGONGJUTUPIAN,NENGRENSHIBINGSHUOCHU6ZHONGJIAOTONGGONGJUDEMINGCHENGHEYONGTU;ZHIDAO6YINEISHULIANG:ZAIYOUERMIANQIANFANGLIANGDUITANGGUO,WENYOUERLIANGBIANFENBIESHIDUOSHAO,YAOQIUNENGSHOUKOUYIZHIDIANSHU。YUYANNENGLI——YUYOUERYONG3—4GEZIDEJUZIZUOCHUANHUAYOUXI,YOUERNENGTINGDONGBINGZHUNQUEDICHUANDA。QINGXUYUSHEHUIXINGWEI——GUANCHAYOUERSHIFOUZHIDAOBANGZHUCHENGRENGANLISUONENGJIDESHI,RUZHENGLIQINGXIWANJUDENG。

分阶段推进,稳步提升家长教养能力

ZAILEJIEMUBIAOJIATINGXIANYOUYOUXIZHUANGKUANGHOU,WOMENFENXIMEIGEYOUERGEXINGFAZHANQINGKUANG,YUJIAZHANGYITONGXIESHANGRUHUZHIDAODESHIJIAN、CANYURENYUAN。JUTIANPAIWEIMEISANZHOUYICI,MEICIRUHUQIANYUXIANZHIDINGZHIDAOFANGAN,CANYUZHIDAODEJIAOSHIBUCHAOGUO3REN。RANHOUANZHAOYUJIAZHANGYUYUEDESHIJIAN,KAISHIRUHUZHIDAOSHIJICAOZUO,YIBANTONGGUOSANGEJIEDUANSHISHI。

DIYIJIEDUAN:MOFANGTIYAN。ZHUYAOSHIZHIDAOJIAOSHIWEIYOUERSHEJIYOUXIHUODONG,BINGYUQIZAIJIATINGHUANJINGZHONGYOUXI。ZHEILEIYOUXIHUODONGYUYOUERYUANDEYOUXIHUODONGLEISI,JIAZHANGYIMOFANGXUEXIWEIZHU,JIGUANCHAZHIDAOJIAOSHIDEXINGWEI,BINGYICIWEIBANGYANG,CONGERBANGZHUJIAZHANGLEJIEYOUERBUTONGNIANLINGJIEDUANDEJIAOYUYAODIAN。RANHOU,JIAZHANGXUEXIZHIDAOJIAOSHIDEYOUXISHEJILINIANYUFANGSHI,ZAIZHIDAOJIAOSHILIKAIHOUCHANGSHIZIZHUYUYOUERYOUXIHUDONG。

YIMUBIAOJIATINGYOUERA(40GEYUELINGDENANHAI)WEILI。JINGQIANQICECHA,XIANSHIQIDAJIROUDONGZUOHUANMAN,TIZHONGCHAOZHONG。ZAIZHIDAOFANGANZHONG,JIAOSHIJUEDINGYIFAZHANGAIYOUERDAJIROUDONGZUOWEIMUBIAO,YI“XIAOXIAOYOUDIYUAN”DEYOUXIKAIZHANLIANXI。YOUERTINGXINHAOBINGNAQIHONG、HUANG、LANSANSEXINFENG,GENJUJIAOSHIMONIDEQICHE、HUOCHE、FEIJISANZHONGJIAOTONGGONGJUDEXINGSHI,YIZOUPAOJIAOTIDEFANGSHIJIANGXINSONGDAOMUDEDI。JIAZHANGZAIGUANCHAYUXUEXIHOUCHANGSHIJIETIJIAOSHIJINRUYOUXIJIAOSE。TONGSHIJIAOSHIWEIJIAZHANGZHIDINGXINDETONGLEIYOUXIHUODONGFANGAN,BIANYUJIAZHANGZAIZHIDAOJIESHUHOUZAIJIAYUYOUERHUDONG。

DIERJIEDUAN:ZIXUNTISHENG。ZHUYAOSHIJIESHOUJIAZHANGZIXUN,BANGZHUJIAZHANGJIEJUEYUERKUNHUO。ZHIDAOJIAOSHIXUYAOLEJIEQINGTINGJIAZHANGDEXUQIUYUYUERWENTI,YUQIJIANLIXINRENGUANXI,BINGWEIQITIGONGQINGGANZHICHI。TEBIESHIMIANDUIDISHOURUJIATING,ZHEIYIJIEDUANNENGGOUBIJIAOJINGZHUNDIJIEJUEQIJIATINGXUQIU。YIBANZHUYAOJIEJUEJIAZHANGZAIJIAOYANGWENTISHANGDEJIBENXUQIU,BIRUHUOQUKEXUEYUERZHISHI、ZIWOXUEXIDESHUJIDENG。ZAIQINGTINGDETONGSHI,ZHIDAOJIAOSHIHAIYAOBANGZHUJIAZHANGJIANGXINXIYUZIYUANZHENGHE,ZHUANHUAWEISHIHEYOUERFAZHANDEJIAOYUFANGSHI。

DISANJIEDUAN:JIAOYANGHUDONG。ZHEIYIJIEDUANZHUYAOSHIJIAZHANGCANYUWEIZHU,ZHIDAOJIAOSHIZHICHIQIZHUDONGFAWEN。ZHIDAOJIAOSHIMIANDUIJIAZHANGDEWENTI,LIYONGJIATINGZHONGYIYOUCAILIAOYUJIATINGRICHANGSHENGHUOHUANJING,XIEZHUJIAZHANGYIQIWEIYOUERSHEJIYOUXIHUODONGBINGXIANCHANGDIAOZHENG,YINDAOQINZIHUDONG。YIJIAZHANGTICHUDERUHEZHIDAOHAIZIYUEDUWEILI,ZHIDAOJIAOSHIGULIJIAZHANGZIJIQUYONGHESHIDEERTONGSHUJISHEJIHUODONG,ZAISHEJISHIYINDAOJIAZHANGKAOLVYUEDUSHIJIAN、YUEDUFANGSHI、YUEDUFENWEIDENG,TONGSHIJIANYIYIYOUXIHUAHUOGUSHIJIAOSEDEKOUWENTICHUKAIFANGXINGWENTI,BINGXIANCHANGZHIDAOJIAZHANGYUYOUERDEYUYANHUDONG。ZHEIYIJIEDUANDEHUODONGNEIRONGDOUYOUJIAZHANGTIGONG,ZHIDAOJIAOSHIXIANCHANGZHIDAOJIAZHANG,ZAIYOUXIZHONGJIYUSHIYIDEZHICHI。

整合家庭资源,创设亲子游戏的支持环境

SHIYIDEHUANJINGSHIYOUERKAIZHANYOUXIDESHOUYAOTIAOJIAN。ZAIRUHUZHIDAOSHI,WOMENHAIGULIJIATINGGENJUKONGJIANTIAOJIANWEIYOUERCHUANGSHEZHUANMENDEYOUXIQUYU,ZHIDAOJIAZHANGGENJUYOUERXINGQUHEXUYAOBUZHIYOUXIQU。RUYOUDEYOUERTEBIEXIHUANWAWAJIAYOUXI,JIAZHANGKEWEIYOUER“CHUANGZAO”YIGEXIAOCHUFANG,BINGHEYOUERYIQITAOLUNRUHEBUZHI。ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONGJIAOSHIZHIDAOJIAZHANGHELIXUANZEYOUXICAILIAO,GUANZHUCAILIAODEFAZHANSHIYIXING。ZHUZHONGYINDAOJIAZHANG、YOUERSHOUJIFEIJIUWUPINHEZIRANWUZUOWEIKAIZHANYOUXIDECAILIAO,HEYOUERGONGTONGDONGSHOUZHIZUOYIXIEYOUXIWUPIN,BINGZHUYIWANJU、WUPINDEBAIFANG,SHIYOUERDEYOUXIHUANJINGGENGSHENGDONGYOUXU。

ZAIYOUXIHUDONGZHONG,WOMENCHANGDAOJIAZHANGYIPINGDENGDETAIDUCANYUYOUXI。YINDAOJIAZHANGXUEXIYONGSHANGLIANGDEKOUWENHEYOUERJIAOLIU,RUYUYOUERWANWAWAJIAYOUXISHI,FAXIANYOUERZHIZHIDAOBAOZHEBUWAWA,ZHEISHIJIUKEYITIXINGJIAZHANGSHISHIJIERU,XUEXIYINDAOYUYAN:“NIDEWAWAELEMEIYOUA?”YOUERJIUHUIXIANGQIJIWAWAWEINAI、CHIFANDENG。LINGWAI,JIAZHANGHAIKEYITONGGUOZENGJIAWANJUHEYOUXICAILIAO,YONGQIFA、JIANYI、TIWEN、XIESHANG、TISHIDENGFANGFACANYUYOUXI,FENGFUYOUXIQINGJIE,TIGAOYOUXIZHILIANG。

LIANGNIANLAI,TONGGUOLIANGSHENDINGZHIBINGSHISHIRUHUZHIDAO,MUBIAOJIATINGZHONGJIAZHANGDEJIAOYULINIANHEJIAOYANGXINGWEIJUNYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDETIGAO。YOU65.7%DEJIAZHANGZAIJIESHOUZHIDAOHOU,ZHUDONGKAISHIZAIJIATINGZHONGWEIYOUERCHUANGSHEGENGHAODEXUEXISHENGHUOHUANJING,RUKAIPIYUEDUJIAO、SHOUGONGQUDENG。

TONGSHI,RUHUZHIDAOHAISHIJIAOSHITUOZHANLEJIAOYUSHIYE。ZAISHIJIANZHONG,ZHIDAOJIAOSHIZHUDONGCHAYUEZILIAO、ZIZHUXUEXI,ZHANGWOLEGENGDUODEBAOJIAOLILUNJIFANGFA,JIATINGJIAOYUZHIDAOSHUIPINGDEDAOTIGAO,ZENGQIANGLEZHUANYEZIXIN。

DANGRAN,RUHUZHIDAOZUIDADESHOUYIZHESHIYOUER。TONGGUOYOUXIZHONGDEHUDONG、ZHICHIYUSHUNYING,YOUERQINSHEHUIXINGWEIDEDAOFAZHAN。YOUERZAIYUANYENENGGENGHAODISHIYINGHUANJING,QINGXUGENGJIAWENDING,YUYANBIAODANENGLIYEYOULEXIANZHUTIGAO。TEBIESHIZAIRENZHIFANGMIAN,JIAZHANGSUOBIAOXIANCHUDEGUANXINYUZHICHISHIYOUERNENGZAIYOUXIGUOCHENGZHONGBAOCHIZHUDONGXING、HAOQIXINYUCHUANGZAOLI,DADATISHENGLEXUEXIPINZHI。

RUHUZHIDAORANGYOUERYUAN、JIAOSHI、JIAZHANGZHENZHENGZOUZAIYIQI。JIAZHANGZHUJIANCONGGUOQUDE“BEIDONGSHIJIESHOUZHIDAO”ZOUXIANG“ZHUDONGSHIHUDONGZHIDAO”。YUCITONGSHI,QINZIGUANXI、SHIYOUGUANXI、JIAZHANGYUJIAOSHIGUANXIDOUSHIXIANLELIANGXINGFAZHAN。

(ZUOZHEDANWEI:ZHEJIANGSHENGHUZHOUSHIWUXINGQUFUYUYOUERYUAN)

湖北快3《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN12YUE22RIDI4BAN 

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