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告别教师“独角戏”式评价

发布时间:2019-12-15 作者:曾晓滢 原晋霞 来源:中国教育报

《YOUERYUANJIAOYUZHIDAOGANGYAO(SHIXING)》ZHICHU:GUANLIRENYUAN、JIAOSHI、YOUERJIQIJIAZHANGJUNSHIYOUERYUANJIAOYUPINGJIAGONGZUODECANYUZHE。PINGJIAGUOCHENGSHIGEFANGGONGTONGCANYU、XIANGHUZHICHIYUHEZUODEGUOCHENG。RANER,ZAIYOUERYUANSHIJIDEJIAOYUPINGJIAGONGZUOZHONG,YOUERPINGJIAWANGWANGZHISHIJIAOSHIYIGERENDEDUBAI。

教师独白表现为主动和被动独白

JIAOSHIDUBAIKEFENWEIZHUDONGDUBAIHEBEIDONGDUBAILIANGLEI。ZHUDONGDUBAISHIZHIJIAOSHIBUHUANYINGQITAZHUTICANYUPINGJIA;BEIDONGDUBAIZESHIQITAZHUTIZHUDONGXUANZEBUCANYUPINGJIA。ZHEILIANGZHONGLEIXINGZAIYOUERYUANJUNCUNZAI。

ZHUDONGDUBAIDEBIAOXIANSHI,JIAOSHIWEIJIYUYOUERCANYUPINGJIADEJIHUI。YIFANGMIAN,YOUERZUOWEIPINGJIAZHUTIDEDIWEIWEISHOUDAOZHONGSHI。《ERTONGQUANLIGONGYUE》TICHUERTONGYOUSHENGCUNQUAN、FAZHANQUAN、SHOUBAOHUQUANHECANYUQUANSIZHONGJIBENQUANLI。YOUERCANYUPINGJIAZHENGSHIQIXINGSHICANYUQUANDEZHONGYAOTIXIAN,JIAOSHI“YINGQUEBAONENGGOUXINGCHENGZIJIKANFADEERTONGYOUQUANDUIYINGXIANGERTONGDEYIQIESHIXIANGZIYOUFABIAOZIJIDEYIJIAN,DUIERTONGDEYIJIANYINGANZHAOQINIANLINGHECHENGSHUCHENGDUJIYUSHIDANGDEZHONGSHI”。RANER,XIANSHIQINGJINGZHONG,YOUERQUECHANGCHANGYINNIANLINGXIAO、RENZHISHUIPINGDIDENGYUANYIN,ERBEIRENDINGWEIMEIYOUNENGLICANYUPINGJIA,NANYIZAIYUQIXIANGGUANDESHIWUZHONGFABIAOYIJIANHEJIANYI。LIRU,BANJIQUYUDESHEZHIYUDIAOZHENG、ZHUTIHUODONGDENEIRONGYUZOUXIANGDENG,ZAIXUDUOYOUERYUAN,JUNHENSHAOZHENGQIUYOUERDEYIJIAN。

LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAIPINGJIAZHONGYOUERSHICHANGBEISHIZUOKETI,HENSHAOYOUJIHUIBIAODAXINGWEIBEIHOUDEJINGYAN、XINGQU、XUYAOYIJIFAZHANDEKUNJINGHEJIHUI。LIRU,YIXIEJIAOSHICHANGCHANGCONGDANYIDECHENGRENSHIJIAOQUJIEDUYOUERDEXINGWEI,ERHENSHAOQUSHENRULEJIEYOUER“WEISHENMEJIANGPINGGUOHUACHENGHEISEDE”“WEISHENMEHUADEWONIUMEIYOUTOU”DENG。YOUERZAIPINGJIAGUOCHENGZHONGZHURUCILEIDEHUAYUBEIBODUO,SHIJISHANGSHIDEJIAOYUGUOCHENGCHENGWEIJIAOSHIDAOYANXIADEYOUERBIAOYAN,YOUERHENNANYOUJIHUITONGGUOJIAOYUFAXIANHEFAZHANZIJI。

BEIDONGDUBAIDEBIAOXIANSHI,ZAIYOUERPINGJIAZHONG,GUANLIRENYUANTONGCHANGBANYANZHEPANGGUANZHEERFEICANYUZHEDEJIAOSE,JINJINQIZHEJIANDUERFEILINGDAODEZUOYONG,YOUERPINGJIACHENGWEIJIAOSHIXUYAODULICHENGDANDEGONGZUORENWU。YIXIEGUANLIRENYUANGUIDINGJIAOSHIMEIZHOUYAOWANCHENGJIPIANGUANCHAJILUHUOXUEXIGUSHI,MEIXUEQIYAOWEIMEIMINGYOUERZHIZUOCHENGZHANGJILUCE,YICIZUOWEIPINGDINGJIAOSHIGONGZUODEYAOQIUZHIYI。CHUCIZHIWAI,TAMENHENSHAOZUOWEIPINGJIAZHUTIZHENZHENGCANYUDAOYOUERYUANKECHENGSHISHIXIAOGUODEPINGJIAZHONG,YEHENSHAOHUIWEIJIAOSHIDEPINGJIAGONGZUOTIGONGZHICHIYUFANKUI。

RANER,RUHEXIEDIAOJIAOSHIYONGYUGUANCHAPINGJIAHEQITAJIAOYUHUODONGDESHIJIAN?RUHEYOUXIAOZHIDINGXITONG、KEXUEDEPINGJIAJIHUA?RUHEJIANGPINGJIAJIEGUOYONGYUDIAOZHENGHEYOUHUAYOUERYUANZHENGTIKECHENGFANGAN,YOUXIAOCUJINMEIYIGEYOUERDEXUEXIYUFAZHAN?ZHEIYIXILIEWENTIDEJIEJUE,DOUWUFAJINYIKAOJIAOSHIDELILIANGQUSHIXIAN,BIXUYOUGUANLIRENYUANDELINGDAOHETONGCHOUGUIHUA。

独白式评价跟外部管理和自身素养相关

YOUERPINGJIAZHONGCHANSHENGJIAOSHIDUBAIDEXIANXIANG,JIYOUWAIBUYUANYIN,YEYOUNEIBUYUANYIN。

WAIBUYUANYINZHUYAOTIXIANZAIYOUERYUANZHENGTIPINGJIAZHIDUHELINIANJIANSHEBUDAOWEI。YIFANGMIAN,SUIRANHENDUOYOUERYUANDOUQIANGDIAOPINGJIAGONGZUO,DANDUOSHUYOUERYUANBINGWEIZHENZHENGZHONGSHIPINGJIA。LIRU,YOUERYUANWEILIUJIJIAOSHIZHUANMENDEGUANCHAPINGJIASHIJIAN,ERSHIYAOQIUJIAOSHIZAIZUZHIHUODONGDETONGSHIWANCHENGDUIYOUERDEGUANCHAPINGJIA;ZAIYOUERYUANRICHANGGUANLIZHONG,DOUANPAILEZHUANMENDEKECHENGJIHUASHIJIANHEJIAOYANSHIJIAN,QUEHENSHAOYOUYOUERYUANHUIANPAIZHUANMENDEYOUERGUANCHAPINGJIAYANTAOSHIJIAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,YIXIEGUANLIRENYUANHEJIAOSHIJINJIANGGUANCHAPINGJIAYOUERZUOWEIJIAOYUDEZHONGDIAN,ERFEIQIDIAN。YIXIEYOUERYUANRENGJIANGXUEQIMOCHOUCHABANJIYOUERCHANGGE、JIANGGUSHI、ZUOSUANSHUDENGZUOWEIZHONGYAODEPINGJIA,JIANGQIMOZHIZUOMOSHIHUADECHENGZHANGDANGANDAIZUOWEIGUANCHAPINGJIAYOUERDEZHONGYAOXINGSHI。

NEIBUYUANYINZEZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIJIAOSHIDEPINGJIASUYANGYOUDAITIGAO。PINGJIASUYANGSHIJIAOSHIZHUANYENENGLIZHONGBUKEHUOQUEDEYIBUFEN,TAYAOQIUJIAOSHIYONGYOUGUANYUPINGJIALINGYUDELINIAN、ZHISHIHEJINENG,YEJIUSHISHUOJIAOSHIYINGGAINENGZUODAO:LIJIEPINGJIA,MINGQUECHENGJIUQIWANG,YUNYONGSHIDANGDEPINGJIAFANGSHI,QIADANGDIJIESHI、YUNYONGPINGJIAJIEGUO。RANER,DANGQIANYANJIUBIAOMING,WOGUOYOUERJIAOSHIZHENGTIPINGJIASUYANGHAIBUGAO,QIZHONGPINGJIATAIDUZUIHAO,PINGJIAJINENGCIZHI,PINGJIAZHISHIDEFENZUIDI。YINCI,YOUERJIAOSHIDEPINGJIAZHISHIHEJINENGDOUJIDAICHONGSHIHETIGAO。

为教师走出独白式评价提供多种支持

SHOUXIAN,ZAIYOUERYUANGUANLIZHIDUSHANG,YINGANPAIZHUANMENDEGUANCHAPINGJIASHIJIANHEYANTAOSHIJIAN。JIANYIYOUTIAOJIANDEYOUERYUANMEIZHOUZHISHAOWEIJIAOSHIANPAIBANTIAN,HUOMEITIANWEIJIAOSHIANPAIYIXIAOSHIDEZHUANMENGUANCHASHIJIAN;MEIZHOUHUOMEILIANGZHOUANPAIYICIZHUANMENDEPINGJIAYANTAOSHIJIAN,QUANYUANQUNCEQUNLIYANTAOYOUERXUEXIYUFAZHANDESHUIPING,YANJIUYOUERDESHENGHUOHEXINLISHIJIE。YUANZHANGJIAOSEYECONGJIANDUPINGJIAZHUANBIANWEILINGDAOPINGJIA。

QICI,ZAIYOUERYUANJIAOSHIZIGEZHENGKAOSHIHEGEDIXINJIAOSHIZHAOPINKAOSHIZHONG,YINGZENGJIAYOUERGUANCHAPINGJIANENGLIFANGMIANDENEIRONG,DAOBISHIZIPEIYANGDANWEIQIESHIZHONGSHIJIAQIANGPEIYANGXUESHENGGUANCHAPINGJIAYOUERDENENGLI。SUIRAN《YOUERYUANJIAOSHIZHUANYEBIAOZHUN(SHIXING)》ZHONGYIMINGQUE,GUANCHAPINGJIAYOUERDENENGLISHIYOUERJIAOSHIDEZHUANYENENGLI,DANZAIHENDUOYOUERJIAOSHISHIZIPEIYANGDANWEIDEKECHENGTIXIZHONG,RENGRANQUESHIYOUGUANKECHENG,HUOKECHENGJIAOXUEZHILIANGBUGAO。RUGUOWEILAIZAIGEZHONGKAOSHIZHONGZENGJIAYOUGUANYOUERGUANCHAPINGJIANENGLIFANGMIANDENEIRONG,NEIMESHIZIPEIYANGDANWEISHIBIZHONGSHIXIANGGUANDEKECHENG,WEIXUESHENGTIGONGXITONGDEZHISHIXUEXIHENENGLIXUNLIAN。

ZAIQICI,QIDAIYOUERJIAOYUYANJIURENYUANNENGGOUYANFACHUFUHEWOGUOGUOQINGDE、YU《3—6SUIERTONGXUEXIYUFAZHANZHINAN》XIANGDUIJIEDEYOUERXUEXIYUFAZHANPINGJIADIANNAORUANJIANHUOSHOUJIAPP,ZHICHIJIAOSHIYOULIYOUJUDIGAOXIAOJINXINGPINGJIA。JIEZHUYOUERGUANCHAPINGJIARUANJIANXITONG,KEYIBANGZHUJIAOSHIGUANLIGUANCHAPINGJIASHUJU,LEJIEYIPINGJIADEHEWEIPINGJIADEXIANGMU,ZIDONGHUIZHICHUGETIYOUERGEFANGMIANDEFAZHANZHUANGKUANG,HUIZHICHUQUANBANYOUERMOUXIEFANGMIANDEFAZHANZHUANGKUANG,WEIJIAOSHILEJIEGETIYOUERHEQUANBANYOUERTIGONGBIANJIEDEZHICHI,YEWEIJIAOSHISHEJISHIYIDEKECHENGTIGONGKENENG。

ZUIHOU,JIAOSHIYINGGOUJIANPINGDENGDEXINXINGSHIYOUGUANXI,ZUNZHONGHEZHONGSHIYOUERDEPINGJIAQUAN。ZAIXINDESHIDAI,SUIZHEXINXIHUOQUDEQUDAOZENGDUO,YOUERZAIMOUXIESHIHOUMOUXIEFANGMIANSUOZHIDAODEZHISHIBIJIAOSHIHAIDUO,JIAOSHIYIWUFAGUSHOUZUOWEIZHISHICHUANSHOUZHEDEQUANWEIDIWEI,YEBUNENGQINGSHIYOUERDENENGLI。SHISHIBIAOMING,YOUERWANQUANYOUNENGLICANYUDAOYUQIXIANGGUANSHIWUDEJUECEZHONGLAI。LIRU,YOUXIEYOUERXIWANGYOUERYUANYENENGSHEYOUERTONGTINGCHECHANG,YUSHITAMENSHEJILETINGCHECHANGFANGAN,CHENGDIJIYUANZHANG,BINGHUODEYUANZHANGZHUNXU,RUYUANZAIYOUERYUANKAIPILEERTONGTINGCHECHANG。

YOUCIKEJIAN,JIAOSHIYINGZHUANBIANGUANNIAN,ZUNZHONGYOUERDECANYUQUANHEPINGJIAQUAN,XIANGXINYOUERYOUNENGLIZUOCHUPINGJIA,BINGZHICHIYOUERBUDUANTISHENGPINGJIANENGLI。

(ZUOZHEDANWEI:NANJINGSHIFANDAXUEJIAOYUKEXUEXUEYUAN)

《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN12YUE15RIDI3BAN 

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