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“以游戏为基本活动”的内涵、形态、路径日益清晰——

回归游戏 发现儿童

发布时间:2019-12-15 作者:本报记者 纪秀君 来源:中国教育报

“GANXIECHENGZAIZHEWUXIANKENENGDEYOUXI,RANGWOKANJIANERTONG,KANJIANZIJI!”

ZHANZAITAISHANG,XUCUIDANTAOTAOBUJUEDIJIANGZHEHAIZIMENCONGBAOLINGQIUWANDAODUOMINUODEGUOCHENG,BANSUIZHEYIDUANDUANYOUXISHIPINJIEDU,TAYIJINGBUZHIYONGLEJIGE“JINGYA”“JINGTAN”“JINGREN”ZHEIYANGDECIHUI……

RIQIAN,ZAIJIAOYUBUZHUBANDEQUANGUOYOUERYUANYOUXIHUODONGYANTAOHUISHANG,XUCUIDANZUOWEI130GEYOUXIUYOUXIHUODONGANLIJIAOSHIDAIBIAOZHIYI,FENXIANGLETACONGYOUXIZHONGFAXIANDEERTONGDEXUEXI,YEZHANXIANLEYOUERJIAOSHIDEZHUANYESUZHI。

KESHEINENGXIANGDAO,TASHISHANGHAIYISUOERJIYOUERYUANLIGONGKECHUSHENDEJIAOSHI。

YIQIEDEGAIBIAN,DOUYAOCONGYOUXISHUOQI。

游戏的本来面目越来越清晰

YOUERYUANLIYOUSHIHUICHUXIANZHEIYANGYIXIEHUAMIAN:“XIAOCHIYITIAOJIE”YINGYELE,YOUDEHAIZIZHANZAI“DIANPU”MENKOUWULIAODIDENGDAIGUKE;MONIJIAOTONGYOUXIKAISHILE,YOUDEHAIZIZHANZAILUKOUJIXIEZHONGFUDITAIGEBOZHIFANGXIANG……

NANDAOZHEISHIHAIZIMENXIANGYAODEYOUXIMA?

“YIYOUXIWEIJIBENHUODONG”TILE30NIAN,KEZHENZHENGLUOSHIDAOSHIJIANZHONGQUESHIQIANCHAWANBIE。CICIYOUXIUYOUXIHUODONGANLIPINGSHEN,FANGFOYIMIANJINGZI,ZHAOCHULEHENDUOWENTI。

PINGSHENZHUANJIA、NANJINGSHIFANDAXUEJIAOSHOUYUYONGPINGSHUO,TOUGUOZHEICIQUANGUOGEDITIJIAODEANLIKEYIFAXIAN,YOUYIXIEANLIJIANGJIAOXUEHUODONG、SHENGHUOHUODONGGUANYIYOUXIZHIMING,ZUOWEIYOUXIANLISHENBAO、TUIJIAN,ZHEIFANYINGCHUYOUJIAOGONGZUOZHEDUIYOUXILIJIEYOUPIANCHA。TONGSHI,YIXIEYOUERJIAOSHIDUIYOUXIBENZHITEZHENGDEBAWOBUGOU,SHEJIYOUXI、DAOYANYOUXIDEXIANXIANGBUTONGCHENGDUDICUNZAI。

ZAIPINGSHENZHUANJIA、HUADONGSHIFANDAXUEJIAOSHOUHUAAIHUAKANLAI,YOUXIHUODONGBINGFEIJIAOXUEHUODONG。YOUXIHUODONGFENWEIYOUERZIFADEYOUXIHEJIAOSHIZUZHIDEYOUXI,QIANZHEBAOKUOJIAOSE、JIANGOU、BIAOYAN、YUNDONG、SHASHUI、ZONGHELEIDENGYOUXI,HOUZHEBAOKUODIJIEGOUHUODONGHEGUIZEYOUXI。

“XUYAOSHUOMINGDESHI,YOUXIEDIJIEGOUHUODONG,SUIRANJIAOSHIYOUSUOSHEJI,DANMUBIAOYINBI,FEIRENWUQUDONG,BUGUIDINGWANFA,YOUERRENGRANTIYANDAODESHIYOUXI;ERYOUXIEGUIZEYOUXI,SUISHIJIAOSHISHEJI,YOUWANFAGUIZE,DANYOUBIEYUZHENDUITEDINGDAANDEZUOYECAOZUO,YOUERKEZIFAZHONGFUWAN。”HUAAIHUARENWEI,ZHEIDOUKESUANZUOYOUXIHUODONG。

ZAISHIJIANZHONG,GAIZENMELIJIE“YIYOUXIWEIJIBENHUODONG”?YUYONGPINGRENWEI,“JIBENHUODONG”BAOHANSANCENGHANYI:SHOUXIAN,“JIBENHUODONG”SHIZHONGYAODEHUODONG,ZHEISHIYOUERTONGDESHENXINFAZHANSHUIPINGJUEDINGDE,XUYAOJIEHEERTONGDEYOUXIXINJIHUAHESHEJIQITAJIAOYUHUODONG,RANGYOUERYUANKECHENGDOURONGRUZIYOUZIZHUCHUANGZAOYUYUEDEYOUXIJINGSHEN;QICI,“JIBENHUODONG”SHIJICHUDEHUODONG,SHIZAIYIRISHENGHUOZHONGSHIZHONGBANSUIHUOSHENRUDEHUODONG,ERTONGHUIJIANGRENHEHUODONGZHUANHUAWEIYOUXIXINGHUODONG;ZAIQICI,“JIBENHUODONG”SHIBUKETIDAI、XIAOCHUDEHUODONG。MEIYOULEYOUXI,ERTONGDESHENGHUOJIANGSHICHENJIDE、WUQUDEHEBUXINGDE。

对儿童的理解和支持愈加精准

ZHEISHIJIDUANSANGEHAIZIWAN“BAOLINGQIU”DESHIPIN,ZHIJIANTAMENYONGLUNXINGJIMU,ZAIDAHAODEXIEPOGUIDAOSHANGDUANYITUI,LUNZIGUNXIAQU,MUBIAOSHIJIZHONGGUIDAOMODUANLIZHEDELIANGGENYUANZHUJIMU。JINGGUODUOCICHANGSHI,TAMENCHENGGONGLE,HUANHUQUEYUEZHE。

LIANXU4TIAN,HAIZIMENBUDUANGAIBIANGUIDAOHEMUBIAOZHANGAI,ZENGJIANANDU。DIWUTIAN,JIAOSHIJIERULE,DIAOCHAHAIZIMENDUIBAOLINGQIUZHIDAODUOSHAO,BINGRANGJIAZHANGDAITAMENQULEJIEBAOLINGQIU。

JIERUHOU,HAIZIMENZAICIYOUXISHI,BA10GENYUANZHUJIMUBAICHENGLEBAOLINGQIUPINGXINGZHUANG,KEWANZHEWANZHE,TAMENDEXINGQUYOUHUIDAOLESHEZHIZHANGAISHANG。

“JIAOSHISHIZENYANGJIERUDENI?ZAIBAOLINGQIUDADIAOCHAZHONG,TATICHULIANGGEWENTI:YISHIBAOLINGQIUDAOSHISHENMEYANGDE;ERSHIZENMEJIFEN。XIANZAIDAJIATAOLUNYIXIA,JIAOSHISHIFOUXUYAOJIERU?JIAOSHIDEJIERUSHIFOUYOUXIAO?”KANGUOSHIPIN,HUAAIHUAYINDAOTAIXIAFENZUWEIZUODEYUANZHANG、JIAOSHIZHANKAITAOLUN。

DANGYOUDESHUOXUYAOJIERU、YOUDESHUOBUXUYAOJIERUBINGFENBIECHANMINGLIYOUHOU,HUAAIHUASHUO:“ZHEIGEANLIMEIYOUJIELUN,YEMEIYOUZHENGQUEDAAN。WOGULIDAJIAZUOSHITANXINGJIERU,YINWEI,ZHIYAOJIERU,JIUHUIYOUFANSI,ZHEICAISHIZUIZHONGYAODE。”

FANSI,YIWEIZHEYANJIU。GUOQU,HENDUORENDANXIN,FANGSHOURANGHAIZIYOUXI,HAIZIJIUHUISHAWAN,JIEGUOSHENMEYEXUEBUDAO。DANSHI,YUELAIYUEDUODESHIJIANZHENGMING,“ZHIYAOFANGSHOU,HAIZIDOUHUIJINIJINGXI”“ZHIYAOYOUYOUXI,XUEXIJIUZAIFASHENG”。ERJIAOSHIYEBUSHISHUAISHOUZHANGJU,ERSHIZHUISUIHAIZIDEGUANCHAZHE、JILUZHE、ZHICHIZHE,GENGSHIYANJIUZHE。

“YIQIAN,WEILESHANGHAOKE,WOZAIJIADUIZHEJINGZILIAN,LIANZENMEDUIHAIZISHUOHUA,ZENMEXIAOGENGZIRAN,KEZENMEYELIANBUHAO。”XUCUIDANSHUO,GUOQUZIJIWEILEMOKEHENKUNAO,HOULAIZUOLEYOUXIHOU,CAIZHAODAOLEZUOWEIYIMINGYOUSHIDEJIAOAO,ZHAODAOLEZHIYEXINGFUGAN。

XUCUIDANSUOZAIDESHANGHAIDAXUEFUSHUSHIYANYOUERYUANSHIYISUOERJIYUAN,ZHEILIANGNIANSUODING“YOUXI”ZHEIGESHENGZHANGDIAN,ZUOWEITISHENGBANYUANZHILIANGHEBANGJIAOSHIZHAODAOZHIYEXINGFUDETUPOKOU。

YUANZHANGYANGDONGQINGSHUO,JIAOSHIDEYOUXITANSUOJINGLILESANGEJIEDUAN:DIYIJIEDUAN,CONG“XINGSHISHANGFANGKAI”DAO“NEIRONGSHANGZHENZHENGSHIXIANKAIFANGZIZHU”,YITUO“SHIJIAN、HUANJING、CAILIAO”SANGEBAOZHENGLAISHIXIAN“ZHONGXINSHENSHIYOUXIDEJIAZHI、GAIBIANYOUXIGUAN”;DIERJIEDUAN,CONG“JIANDANDE‘WASHIKE’BUZHUO”DAO“ZHUJIANXUEHUIGUANCHAFENXIERTONGDEYOUXIXINGWEI”,YITUO“YOUZHILIANGDEJIAOYAN”HE“WEIERTONGJIANLIYOUXIWENJIANJIA”LAISHIXIAN“XIANGXINERTONGSHIYOUNENGLIDEXUEXIZHE、GAIBIANERTONGGUAN”;DISANJIEDUAN,CONG“JIAOSHIWEIZHUYOUXIJIANGPING”DAO“YIERTONGWEIZHONGXINJIAOLIUFENXIANG”,ZHIZHI“CHANGSHISHENGCHENGHUODONG”,LIYONGXIE“HUISUXINGJIAOAN”LAISHIXIAN“LIJIEERTONGDEXUEXIFANGSHI,LIJIEJIAOSHIDEJIAOSEHEZHIZE,ZHONGSUKECHENGGUAN”。

LIJIEERTONG,SHIYOUERJIAOSHIDEHEXINZHUANYESUYANG,ERZHENZHENGZUODAOLIJIEERTONG,JIUYAOYANJIUERTONG。ZHEJIANGSHENGANJIYOUERJIAOYUYANJIUZHONGXINZHURENCHENGXUEQINSHUO,CONG“XIAOXUEHUA”、WUYOUXIDAOGONGLIZHUYI、XINGSHIZHUYIDEJIAYOUXI,ZAIDAOHUIGUIERTONGTIANXINGDEZHENYOUXI,ANJI20NIAN“BAYOUXIQUANLIHAIJIERTONG”DEGEMING,SHIYIGEZHANGQIDEFANSIXINGJIAOYUSHIJIANDEGUOCHENG。

“WOMENDEJIAOSHIXIANGRENLEIXUEJIAYIYANGYANJIUERTONG,DAIZHEDUIERTONGDEHAOQI,QUGUANCHAFAXIANERTONG,SHISHIDOUZAILINGTINGERTONG,KAIZHANDALIANGANLISHIYOUXIJIAOYAN。”CHENGXUEQINSHUO,ANJIYOUERJIAOSHIDEZHUANYECHENGZHANG,JINGLILEFANGSHOUYOUXI、GUANCHAYOUXI、FENXIYOUXI、HUIYINGYOUXIDEGUOCHENG。JIAOSHINENGLIDASAI,SAIDESHIYANJIUERTONG、YANJIUYOUXIDENENGLI,ERFEIDANCHANGTIAOHUAHEWEIXINGKE。

行政教研合力,拓宽游戏实践路径

TONGANJIXIANYUTUIJIN“YIYOUXIWEIJIBENHUODONG”DESHIJIANXIANGSI,SHANGHAIQUELI“YOUXIYUREN”DELINIAN,21NIANLAIYOUDIANDAOMIANTUIJINYOUERYUANJIAOYUGENGDUODITIXIANYOUXIJINGSHEN;JIANGSUSHENGYI“KECHENGYOUXIHUA”XIANGMUJIANSHEWEIZHUASHOU,CONGZHUASHAOSHUBORUOYUANDAOQUYUZHENGTITUIJIN,“YOUXIGEMING”ZHUJIANGAIBIANLEJIAOSHIDEERTONGGUAN、YOUXIGUAN、KECHENGGUAN。

GEDIDESHIJIANTANSUOZHENGMING,YOUERJIAOSHIDEZHUANYECHENGZHANG、YOUERYUANJIAOYUZHILIANGDETISHENG,JUEBUHUIYICUERJIU,ERSHIYIGEZHUJIANJILEIHEGENGXINDEGUOCHENG。ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,XINGZHENGHEJIAOYANFAHUIZHEJIWEIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,YAOJIJIAOSHIYANJIUERTONGYOUXIFUNENG,TIGONGBIYAODETIAOJIANHEBAOZHANG。

YISHANGHAIWEILI,16GEQUYU,SHI、QULIANGJIGONGYOU80MINGZHUANZHIYOUJIAOJIAOYANYUAN。TONGGUOWANSHANSHI、QU、YUANSANJIJIAOYANHELIJIZHI,JIANLIXIANSHANG、XIANXIAJIAOYANHUBUHUCUJIZHI,JIANQUANDIAOYAN、JIAOYAN、PEIXUNSANWEIYITIJIZHI,XINGCHENGGEBUMENXIETONGZENGXIAOJIZHI,CHENGJIULEJIAOSHIZHUANYEFAZHAN。ZAIKANGUIZHOU,TONGGUOJIANLI“JIAOYANZHIDAOZERENQU”,JIBENJIANLILEYIZERENQUWEIJIBENDANWEI,YIZERENYUANWEIYINLING,YIJIEJUEJIAOSHISHIJIANWENTIWEIDAOXIANGDEJIAOYANJIZHI,SHIXIANLECENGCENGYOURENZHUA、YUANYUANYOURENGUAN。

JIYUGEDIDECHENGGONGSHIJIAN,ZAIZHONGGUOJIAOYUKEXUEYANJIUYUANYANJIUYUANLIUZHANLANKANLAI,RUJIN,GAOZHILIANGYOUERYUANJIAOYUDEFANGXIANGHESHIJIANXINGTAIYIJIBENQINGXI,CONGDIDAOGAODATIYOUSANGEJIEDUAN:BAODI——SHISHIKEXUEDEBAOYUJIAOYU,HELIANPAIYOUERYIRIHUODONG;ZHENGGEN——NULIXINGCHENGYIYOUXIWEIJIBENHUODONGDESHIJIANXINGTAI;FAZHAN——PUBIANTISHENGYOUERJIAOSHINENGLISHUIPING,ZHUIQIUJIAOSHIZHUANYEXINGGONGZUOFANGSHI。

“XIANZAI,FANGXIANGYIJINGMINGQUELE。WOMENYAOZUODESHI,JIYOUXIZHENGMINGZHENGSHEN,RANGYOUXIYOUDIWEIYOUSHIJIAN。”LIUZHANLANSHUO,FAZHANXUEQIANJIAOYU,QUXIANSHIZERENZHUTI。TAHUYUQUXIANXINGZHENGHEJIAOYANXINGCHENGHELI,CONGYOUXIBORUODEDIQUHEYOUERYUANGAIQI,YINGXIANGNENGYINGXIANGDE,GAIBIANNENGGAIBIANDE,CONGWOZUOQI,LIJIXINGDONG!

湖北快3《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN12YUE15RIDI1BAN 

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