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芬兰:学生成绩差距扩大引关注

发布时间:2019-12-13 作者:张毓洁 来源:中国教育报

JINRI,FENLANJIAOYUYUWENHUABUFABUXIAOXI,GUOJIXUESHENGPINGGUXIANGMU2018DEKAOCHAZHONGDIANSHIYUEDUSUYANG,CICISANNIANYILUNDEDIAOCHAJIANGFENLANLIEWEIJINGHEZUZHIGUOJIAHEDIQUZHONGYUEDUSUYANGBIAOXIANZUIHAODEGUOJIAZHIYI。

ZAIGUOJIXUESHENGPINGGUXIANGMU2018ZHONG,FENLANXUESHENGZAIYUEDUSUYANGFANGMIANPINGJUNDEFEN520FEN,YUAISHANIYA523FEN、JIANADA520FEN、AIERLAN518FENHEHANGUO514FENXIANGJIN,SHIJINGHEZUZHIGUOJIAZHONGDEFENZUIGAODEGUOJIAZHIYI。ZAISUOYOUCANYUGUOHEJINGJITIZHONG,FENLANPAIZAIZHONGGUO(BEIJING、SHANGHAI、JIANGSUHEZHEJIANG,PINGJUNDEFEN555FEN)HEXINJIAPO(549FEN)ZHIHOU。

数学素养成绩保持不变,科学素养下降

YU2015NIANPINGGUXIANGBI,FENLANDEPINGJUNFENSHUXIAJIANGLE6FEN。ZHANGQIDEDIAOCHAXIANSHI,BUJINFENLANXUESHENGDEYUEDUNENGLIXIAJIANG,JINGHEZUZHIGUOJIADEPINGJUNSHUIPINGYEZAIXIAJIANG。FENLANDEPINGJUNFENSHUYU2009NIANXIANGBIXIAJIANGLE16FEN,YU2000NIANXIANGBIXIAJIANGLE26FEN。

FENLANXUESHENGDESHUXUESUYANG(PINGJUNDEFEN507FEN)YUANGAOYUJINGHEZUZHIDEPINGJUNSHUIPING。FENLANZAIJINGHEZUZHIGUOJIAZHONGDEPAIMINGZAI7—13WEIZHIJIAN,ZAISUOYOUCANYUGUOHEJINGJITIZHONGDEPAIMINGZAI12—18WEIZHIJIAN。QIGEYAZHOUGUOJIAHEJINGJITIZAISHUXUESUYANGFANGMIANMINGLIEQIANMAO。CIWAI,ZAITONGJISHANGXIANZHUYOUYUFENLANDEOUZHOUGUOJIAYOUAISHANIYA(523FEN)、HELAN(519FEN)、BOLAN(516FEN)HERUISHI(515FEN)。FENLANDEPINGJUNFENSHUBI2015NIANPINGGUXIAJIANGLE4FEN,DANSHUXUESUYANGRENGBAOCHILEYUANXIANDESHUIPING。

FENLANXUESHENGZAIKEXUESUYANGFANGMIANDEPINGJUNDEFENWEI522FEN,JINSUIAISHANIYA(530FEN)HERIBEN(529FEN),ZAIJINGHEZUZHIZHONGMINGLIEQIANMAO。DANFENLANZAIKEXUESUYANGFANGMIANDEFENSHUYIZHIZAIXIAJIANG,ZI2006NIANYILAIZONGGONGXIAJIANGLE41FEN,BI2015NIANXIAJIANGLE9FEN。

CIWAI,FENLANDUIYUEDUCHIXIAOJITAIDUDEXUESHENGBILIYOUSUOSHANGSHENG。NANSHENGYUEDUNENGLIDEXIAJIANGYUYUEDUHUODONGHEYUEDUXINGQUDEJIJUXIAJIANGYOUGUAN。FENLANJIAOYUBUZHANGLI·ANDESEN(Li Andersson)PINGLUNSHUO:“YUEDUDEZHONGYAOXINGWUKEZHENGYI,ZHEIWEISUOYOUXUEXIDIANDINGLEJICHU。WEILESHIXIANXUEXICHENGGUODEPINGDENG,FENLANBIXUBAOCHIYIZHONGZHONGSHIYUEDUDEWENHUA。”

学生之间差异越来越大,但各学校之间差异最小

FENLANBIAOXIANZUIJIADEXUESHENGSHULIANGRENGRANHENGAO,DANBIAOXIANJIAOCHADEXUESHENGBILIYOUSUOSHANGSHENG。FENLANXUESHENGYUEDUNENGLIYOUXIUDEBILIWEI14.5%,YU2009NIANDE15%DAZHIXIANGTONG。RANER,BIAOXIANBUJIADEXUESHENGBILIXIANZHUSHANGSHENG。2009NIAN,8.1%DEXUESHENGDIYUERJI。DAO2018NIAN,ZHEIYIBILISHANGSHENGDAO13.5%。ZHEIYIWEIZHEXIANZAIFENLANGENGDUOXUESHENGDEYUEDUNENGLIJIANRUO,XUEXIHECANYUSHEHUIDEBIAOXIANCHA。ERQIE,ZAI2018NIANPINGGUZHONG,FENLANXUESHENGZAIYUEDUNENGLIFANGMIANDECHAYIBIFENLANCANYULISHISHANGDERENHEYICIDOUYAODA。

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FENLANSHIWEIYIYIGEBAOCHIJIAOYUGAOJIXIAOYUGAOMANYIDUDEGUOJIA。GUOJIXUESHENGPINGGUXIANGMUJIANGXINGFUGANZUOWEIYIGEZHENGTIJINXINGKAOCHA,BAOKUOWUZHICENGMIAN、XUESHENGGERENSHENGHUO、XUEXIAOHUANJINGHEXIAOWAISHENGHUOTAIDUXIANGGUANDENGFANGMIAN。CONGWUZHIHEKEGUANKEHENGLIANGDEYINSULAIKAN,FENLANSHISHIJIESHANGZUIFUYOUDEGUOJIAZHIYI,JINCIYUQITABEIOUGUOJIA。XUESHENGDUISHENGHUOMANYIDUDEPINGJUNPINGFENWEI7.61FEN(MANFENWEI10FEN),XIANGDANGGAO。ZAIKAOCHASHENGHUOMANYIDUYUCHENGJIZHIJIANDEGUANXISHI,FENLANBIAOXIANTUCHU。

社会经济背景与学习成绩的关系更加明显

FENLANZAIGUOJIXUESHENGPINGGUXIANGMU2018ZHONG,HAIYOUXUESHENGDESHEHUIJINGJIBEIJINGHEXUEXICHENGJIZHIJIANDELIANXIGENGJIAMINGXIAN、XUESHENGDUIYUEDUDEXIAOJITAIDUZENGJIA、NVHAIBIAOXIANRENGRANLINGXIANYUNANHAIDENGTEDIAN。

JINGUANFENLANQUDELEJIJIDECHENGGUO,DANANDESENDUIXUESHENGZHIJIANDECHENGJICHAJURUHEKUODABIAOSHIGUANZHU。YUZHIQIANDEPINGGUXIANGBI,DICHENGJIUXUESHENGDEBIAOXIANYOUSUOTIGAO,XUESHENGDEJIATINGBEIJINGDUIXUEXIJIEGUODEYINGXIANGYEGENGDA。CIWAI,NVHAIHENANHAIZHIJIANDECHENGJICHAJUYIJINGKUODA,XIANZAISHIJINGHEZUZHIGUOJIAZHONGZUIDADE。ANDESENBIAOSHI:“PINGDENGDEXUEXIQUANSHIMEIGENIANQINGRENDOUNENGCANYUJIANSHEWEILAISHEHUIDEXIANJUETIAOJIAN。ZAIRENHEQINGKUANGXIA,WOMENDOUBUNENGZAIJIAOYUZHILIANGHEPINGDENGFANGMIANZUOCHURANGBU。”

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“FENLANSHIJIAOYULINGYUDEJIAOJIAOZHE,DANSHIWEILEBAOCHIZHEIYIDIWEI,WOMENBIXUBUDUANNULI,YIQUEBAOWOMENJIAOYUTIXIDEZHILIANGHEPINGDENG。DANGWOMENQUEBAOMEIGERENDOUYOUJIHUIXUEXISHENGHUOHEGONGZUOSUOXUDEJINENGSHI,FENLANJIANGJIXUQUDECHENGGONG。ZAIFENLAN,MEIGERENDOUYOUXINGFUDEQUANLI,XUEXIQUANYESHUYUMEIGEREN。”ANDESENSHUO。

(ZUOZHEDANWEI:SHANGHAISHIFANDAXUEGUOJIYUBIJIAOJIAOYUYANJIUYUAN)

《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN12YUE13RIDI5BAN 

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