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    如何构建新时代教师教育一体化体系

    发布时间:2019-12-12 作者:陈春勇 来源:中国教育报

    背景与方法

    JIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUA,SHIZAIZHONGSHENJIAOYUSIXIANGZHIDAOXIA,ANJIAOSHIZHUANYEFAZHANBUTONGJIEDUANZHENGTISHEJIJIAOSHIPEIYANGHEPEIXUNYISHIXIANJIAOSHICHIXUZHUANYECHENGZHANGDEJIAOYUGUOCHENG。20SHIJIMO,WOGUOSHIFANJIAOYUBANXUECENGCIPIANDI,BUJUJIEGOUBUHELI。1999NIAN,JIAOYUBUTICHUJIANLIKAIFANGDEJIAOSHIJIAOYUTIXI;2012NIAN,JIAOYUBUDENGBUMENTICHUJIANLIGAOXIAOYUDIFANGZHENGFU、ZHONGXIAOXUELIANHEPEIYANGJIAOSHIDEXINJIZHI;2018NIAN,JIAOYUBUDENGBUMENTICHUJIAQIANGJIAOSHIJIAOYUTIXIJIANSHE,JIBENXINGCHENGKAIFANG、XIETONG、LIANDONGDEXIANDAIJIAOSHIJIAOYUTIXI。CIHOU,YOUXIEDIFANGKAIZHANJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUASHIJIANTANSUO,DANZHENGTISHANGSHANGCUNWENTI,ZHUYAOSHIJIAOSHIPEIYANGPEIXUNZAIMUBIAONEIRONG、KECHENGSHEZHI、JIAOXUEFANGFA、SHIZILILIANG、GUANLIPINGGUDENGFANGMIANQUEFAYOUXIAOXIANJIE,ZHIYUELEJIAOSHIZHUANYEFAZHANHESUZHINENGLITISHENG。SHENRUPOUXIWENTI,CHUANGJIANXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESEJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUATIXI,WEIWOGUOJIAOSHIJIAOYUGAIGEHEGAOSUZHISHIZIPEIYUTIGONGYANJIUZHICHENG,JUYOUZHONGDALILUNYIYIHESHIJIANJIAZHI。

    WEITANJIUJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAXIANSHIKUNJINGBINGTICHUKEXINGDUICE,BENYANJIUZAIWENXIANYANJIUDENGDINGXINGYANJIUJICHUSHANG,JIANCAIWENJUANHEFANGTANDENGDINGLIANGYANJIUFANGFA。2019NIANXUANZEJING、LIAO、LU、YU、DIANSHIFANSHENGPEIYANGYUANXIAOJIAOSHIHEZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIGONG1205MING(QIZHONGHOUZHE530MING)JINXINGWENJUANDIAOCHA,BINGFANGTANQIZHONG450MINGJIAOSHI。HUISHOUWENJUAN1182FEN,HUISHOULV98.1%;DIAOCHASHUJUSHIYONGTONGJIRUANJIANSPSSCHULI。

    结果与分析

    1.需要明确的统筹实施机制

    JIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUADETONGCHOUSHISHI,SHISHIXIANJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUADEXIANJUETIAOJIAN。XIANGGUANGUOJIAZHENGCEZONGTIJIAOWEIHONGGUAN,ZEQUANGUIZHI、PINGGUJILIDENGJIZHIBUGOUMINGXI,JIAZHICHUANTONGJIHUAGUANLITIZHIDEYINGXIANG,GEDIXUYAOTONGCHOUSHISHIJIZHIHEFANGAN。CHAOGUOLIUCHENGBEIDIAOCHAZHEBIAOSHI,DANGDIMEIYOUJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUATONGCHOUGUANLI、PINGGUBAOZHANGJIGOUHERENYUAN。

    2.需要整体目标的衔接设计

    FANGTANFAXIAN,SHIFANSHENGPEIYANGYUANXIAOYUTONGQIHEZUODEDUOBANZHONGXIAOXUEWEIDACHENGSHENDUMOQI,HOUZHEDANXINQIANZHEDIAOYANHEJIAOXUESHIXIDUIZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOXUEZAOCHENGBULIYINGXIANG,TONGSHIZAIKETIYANJIUHEZUOZHONGCUNWEIJUXINLI,NANYISHIZHIXINGCANYUKETIYANJIU。

    3.需要前后衔接和及时更新的课程体系

    JIAOSHIJIAOYUKECHENGTIXIBEIFENWEIZHIQIANPEIYANGHEZHIHOUPEIXUNLIANGBUFEN,XIANGHUGELIE,QUEFAXIANJIE。FANGTANXIANSHI,ZHIQIANJIAOYUJIAOSHAOGUANZHUJIJIAOGAIGEHESHIFANSHENGCHUANGXINSIWEIDENGNENGLIXUNLIAN。

    4.需要衔接而科学的教学方法

    FANGTANXIANSHI,ZHIQIANPEIYANGHENSHAOYINDAOXUESHENGSHIJIANCAOZUO、YANTAOANLIDENG;SHOUKECHANGYONGXINXIJISHUSHOUDUAN,DANDUOXIANYUYIDUOMEITIWENZIHUOSHIPINDAITIFENBIZI,JIAOXUELINIANHEFANGFAGENGXINHUANMAN。ZHIHOUPEIXUNDADUOZHAOBANZHIQIANPEIYANGDEJIAOXUEMOSHI,JIAOSHAOKAIZHANJIAOXUEGUANMO、ANLIYANTAODENGJIAOXUEFANGFA。

    思考与建议

    JIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUATIXINAIZHENGTIXITONG,SHEJISHISHIJIZHI、MUBIAO、NEIRONG、FANGFA、SHIZI、BAOZHANGDENGDUOGEWEIDU,XUGENJUXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOJIAOSHIJIAOYUTESEHESHIJI,JIANLITONGCHOUSHISHIJIZHI,MINGQUEZHENGTIMUBIAO,QUELIXIANJIEXINGKECHENGNEIRONGHEJIAOXUEFANGFA,JIANSHEYIZHIJIYOUJIAOYULILUNSHUIPINGYOUYOUJIJIAOSHIJIANNENGLIDEYITIHUASHIZIDUIWU,BINGGOUJIANWANZHENGDEZHILIANGBAOZHANGTIXI。

    1.建立统筹实施机制

    JIANLIJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAZHIDAO、GUANLIJIGOUHEZHUANXIANGJIJIN。YOUJIAOYUBU、GUOJIAFAGAIWEI、CAIZHENGBUDENGBUMENZUJIANJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAZHIDAOJIGOU,TONGCHOUZHIDINGZHIDAOYIJIAN,BINGYOUSHENGJIZHENGFUZHIDINGJUTISHISHIBANFA。SHENGJIZHENGFUYAOZUZHIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENJIANLIDANGDIJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAZUZHIGUANLIJIGOU,ZHIDINGDANGDIGUIHUASHISHIFANGAN,TONGCHOUXIANJIEGEJIEDUANKECHENG、SHIZI、GUANLI、PINGGU、BAOZHANGDENG。GENJUGEDIJINGJIHEJIAOYUFAZHANZHUANGKUANG,YOUZHONGYANG、SHENGJIZHENGFUANYIDINGCHUZIBILISHELIZHUANXIANGJIJIN,YONGYUJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAGAIGEYUNXINGHEGUANLIBAOZHANGDENGGONGZUO。

    GEDIJIAQIANGJIAOSHIJIAOYUZIYUANZHENGHE。SHIFANSHENGPEIYANGYUANXIAOYAOZHENGHENEIBUZIYUAN,KECHENGLIJIAOSHIJIAOYUXUEYUAN,JIANGJIAOSHIPEIXUNJINGYANYONGYUSHIFANSHENGPEIYANG;ZHICHISHIFANSHENGCANYUBENYUANXIAOZAIZHIJIAOSHIPEIXUNKECHENGBINGJIRUXUEFEN;PINQINGBENYUANXIAOZAIZHIJIAOSHIPEIXUNZHONGJIAOYANJINGYANFENGFUDECANXUNXUEYUANDANRENSHIFANSHENGXIAOWAIDAOSHI。GEDIZHENGFUYAOXIEDIAOZHENGHEBENQUYUSHIFANSHENGPEIYANGYUANXIAOYOUZHIJIAOYULILUNZIYUANHEZHONGXIAOXUEYOUZHIJIAOXUESHIJIANZIYUAN,HELITUIJINJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAFAZHAN。

    GEDIGOUJIANSHIFANSHENGPEIYANGYUANXIAOYUZHONGXIAOXUEHEZUOGONGYINGJIZHI。ZAISHENGJIZHENGFUXIEDIAOXIA,SHIFANSHENGPEIYANGYUANXIAOPINQINGYOUXIUZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHICHENGDANSHIFANSHENGSHIJIANJIAOXUERENWU,YUZHONGXIAOXUEGONGTONGKAIZHANKETIYANJIU;DINGQIXUANPAIJIAOSHIDAOZHONGXIAOXUEGUAZHIJIAOXUEHUOGUANLIGONGZUO;CONGZHONGXIAOXUEXUANBAJIAOSHIGONGDUJIAOYUXUESHUOSHIBOSHI,WEIZHONGXIAOXUEPEIYANGYOUXIUSHIZI。ZHONGXIAOXUEPINQINGSHIFANSHENGPEIYANGYUANXIAOZHUANJIAZHIDAOJIJIAOLILUNHEJIAOYAN;XUANBAJIAOSHIDAOGAIYUANXIAOCANXUN。SHUANGFANGGONGTONGJIANLIPEIYANGPEIXUNXIANJIEDEJIAOSHIDANGAN;LIANHEYANFAJIAOSHIJIAOYUWANGLUOZIYUAN;XIELIGOUJIANSHIFANSHENGZHAOSHENGPEIYANGJIUYEYITIHUAPINGTAI,ZHONGXIAOXUEDONGYUANYOUXIUBIYESHENGBAOKAOSHIFANYUANXIAOBINGLIYONGQIJIUYEPINGTAIXUANBASHIFANSHENGCONGJIAO,TONGSHIJUQICONGJIAOBIAOXIANTICHUSHIFANSHENGPEIYANGFANKUIYIJIAN。

    2.整体设计发展目标

    GUOJIAJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENTONGCHOUSHEJIQUANGUOJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAZONGTIMUBIAO,SHENGJIZHENGFUZAICIJICHUSHANGSHEDINGDIFANGZHENGTIMUBIAO,SHIJIAOSHIPEIYANGPEIXUNMUBIAOXIANJIE、GEYOUCEZHONG。

    ZHIQIANPEIYANGMUBIAOYINGWEIPEIYANGSHIFANSHENGDEJIAOYUGUAN、SHIDE、ZERENXINDENGZONGHESUZHIYUCHUBUCONGJIAOJINENG,CHENGWEIZHUNHEGEJIAOSHI。ZHIHOUPEIXUNYAOGOUJIANFENCENGCIMUBIAO:CHURENJIAOSHIPEIXUNCEZHONGJIAOXUEHEGUANLI;SHULIANJIAOSHIPEIXUNCEZHONGTISHENGQIZHUANYESHUIPING,RUJIAOXUEJINENG、FANSIYUYANJIU、JIAOFACHUANGXIN;ZHUANJIAXINGJIAOSHIPEIXUNCEZHONGJIAOXUESHIJIANMOSHIZONGJIEHEJIAOYULILUNGOUJIAN,YINLINGJIAOYUGAIGEHEJIAOSHIZHUANYEFAZHAN。

    3.构建前后衔接的新时代课程体系

    TONGCHOUSHEJIJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAKECHENG。SHENGJIJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAZUZHIGUANLIJIGOUYAOZUZHISHIFANSHENGPEIYANGYUANXIAOHEZHONGXIAOXUE,JIYUJIAOYUBUBANBUDE《JIAOSHIJIAOYUKECHENGBIAOZHUN(SHIXING)》HEYIXILIE“JIAOSHIZHUANYEBIAOZHUN”,ZHENDUIBUTONGXUEDUANHEFAZHANJIEDUANDEJIAOSHIJIAOYUTEDIANTONGCHOUSHEZHIYITIHUAKECHENGTIXI。

    ZHIQIANPEIYANGYAOYIKECHENGBIAOZHUNYOUHUAKECHENGJIEGOU。TONGSHIKECAIQUZHUANTIJIANGZUO、HEZUOYANTAODENGXINGSHI,SHIDANGZENGJIAZIRANHERENWENDENGKECHENG,DANYASUOKESHI;JINGJIANXUEKE(ZHUANYE)KECHENG,ZENGJIAXUEKEJIAOFAKESHI;GAIGECHUANTONGLILUNKECHENG,BAOCHIQILILUNCHUANGXINHENEIRONGGENGXIN,JUJIAOYUJIJIAOSHIJIANDEJUTIYUNYONG;ZENGJIAJIAOXUESHIJIANKE,CHONGFENLIYONGJIAOSHIJIAOYUGAIGESHIYANQUHUOJIJIAOSHIJIANJIDI,TIGAOJIAOYUSHIJIANZHILIANG。

    ZHIHOUPEIXUNYAOJIYUZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIZHUANYEFAZHANJIEDUANSHEJIZHENDUIXINGPEIXUNKECHENG。ZHIHOUPEIXUNKECHENGYAOZHUZHONGYUZHIQIANPEIYANGHUBUXIANJIE,BAOKUOJIAOYULILUNQIANYAN、JIJIAOGAIGE、RENGONGZHINENG、ZHUANYEFAZHANGUIHUADENGTONGSHIKECHENG,YIJIZHENDUIBUTONGFAZHANJIEDUANJIAOSHIDEDUOYANGHUAKECHENG,RUZHENDUISHULIANJIAOSHIDEZHIYEQINGGAN、JIAOFAYUJIAOXUEGUANLICHUANGXINDENGKECHENG,ZHENDUIZHUANJIAXINGJIAOSHIDEJIAOYULIXIANG、JIAOYULILUNQIANYAN、JIAOYUKEYANYINLINGDENGKECHENG。TONGSHI,TUIDONGRENGONGZHINENGYUJIAOSHIPEIXUNYOUJIRONGHE;SHEZHIPEIXUNHOUGENZONGFUWUZHUANXIANGJINGFEI,JIAQIANGPEIXUNHOUZHUANJIAXIANSHANGDAYIHEJIAOLIU。

    4.建设培养培训素质能力兼备的师资队伍

    YOUGUOJIAZHIDINGJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAJIAOSHIZHUANYEBIAOZHUN。GUOJIAJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOZHIDINGMANZUJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUAXUQIUDEJIAOSHIZHUANYEBIAOZHUN,ZHIDAOJIAOSHIPEIYANGPEIXUNSHIZITISHENGJIAOYULILUNHEJIJIAOSHIJIANSHUIPING,ZAOJIUJUBEIYIDINGSHIJIANNENGLIDESHIFANSHENGHEJUBEIYIDINGLILUNSUYANGDEJIAOSHI。

    SHIFANSHENGPEIYANGYUANXIAOYAOQIANGHUASHIZIDEJICHUJIAOYUSHIJIANNENGLI。YIYAO“QINGJINLAI”,PINQINGZHONGXIAOXUEMINGSHIZHIDAOSHIFANSHENG,BINGCONGZHONGXIAOXUEZHAOSHOUJIAOYUXUESHUOSHIBOSHI,JIANGQIPEIYANGCHENGJIANJULILUNHESHIJIANNENGLIDEYOUXIUSHIZI;ERYAO“ZOUCHUQU”,SHENRUZHONGXIAOXUEDIAOYANBINGGONGTONGKAIZHANKETIYANJIU,XUANPAISHIZIDAOZHONGXIAOXUEGUAZHI,XIETONGZHONGXIAOXUEZUJIANMINGSHIGONGZUOSHIYICHONGFENFAHUIQIZAISHIFANSHENGPEIYANGZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

    JIAOSHIPEIXUNJIGOUYAOTISHENGPEIXUNZHEDEJIAOYULILUNYUJIJIAOSHIJIANRONGHENENGLI。JIAOSHIPEIXUNJIGOUYAOZAIDANGDIZHENGFUTONGCHOUXIACHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN,RANGJIAOSHIPEIXUNZHEFUGUONEIWAIZHIMINGGAOXIAOTISHENGXUELI、YANXIUHUOFANGXUE,TISHENGLILUNSUYANG;JIAQIANGYUZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOLIUHEZUO,TANJIUJIJIAOGAIGESHIJIANWENTI,QIANGHUAYONGJIAOYULILUNZHIDAOJIJIAOGAIGESHIJIANDENENGLI。

    5.采用衔接、多元的教学方法

    ZHIQIANPEIYANGKAIZHANYISHIFANSHENGWEIZHONGXINDEDUOYUANJIAOXUEFANGFABIANGE。SHULI“YISHENGWEIBEN”DEXINSHIDAIJIAOYULINIAN,GOUJIANANLIJIAOXUE、ZHUTIYANTAO、TINGKEPINGKE、WEIGEJIAOXUE、KETANGSHIJIANDENGJIAOXUEFANGFATIXI;DINGQIYAOQINGYOUXIUSHIFANBIYESHENGHUIXIAOSHANGSHIFANKE,WEISHIFANSHENGDAJIANJIAOLIUPINGTAI。SHIXINGSHIFANSHENGPEIYANG“SHUANGDAOSHI”ZHIDU,YOUXUESHUDAOSHIHESHIJIANDAOSHIGONGTONGPEIYANGSHIFANSHENG;TANSUOBENKEHEJIAOYUSHUOSHIPEIYANGZHENGTIXIANJIE、FENDUANKAOHEDEYITIHUAPEIYANGMOSHI,ZHUBUSHIXIANJIAOYUSHUOSHIPEIYANGYUJIAOSHIZIGERENDINGXIANJIE;TUIXINGPAISHIFANSHENGDAONONGCUNXIAO“DINGGANGSHIXI,ZHIHUANPEIXUN”DEJIAOXUESHIJIANFANGSHI。

    ZHIHOUPEIXUNZHUZHONGPEIXUNFANGFADEZHENDUIXINGHESHIXIAOXING。ZHIHOUPEIXUNJIGOUYAOQIESHIMANZUZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIPEIXUNXUQIU,JIFAQIYANXIUNEIQULI,BINGCHUANGZAOTIAOJIANRANGQIZIZHUXUANZEPEIXUNFANGSHI。JIANCHIGONGXINGYUGEXING、JIANGSHOUYUHUDONG、ZIZHUYUHEZUO、TANJIUYUYINDAODEYOUJIJIEHE,JUJIAOJIJIAOZHENWENTI,CAIQUJUYOUJIAOLIUYANTAO、FANSISHIJIAN、WANGLUOSHIPINDENGXINSHIDAITEDIANDEJIAOFA,RUJIAOXUEGUANMO、JIAOANSHEJI、TONGKEYIGOUDENG。

    6.构建完善的质量保障体系

    JIANLITONGYIBIAOZHUN。YOUGUOJIAJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENTONGCHOUJIANLIJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUABIAOZHUNTIXI,BAOKUOZHENDUIBUTONGZHUANYEFAZHANJIEDUANDEJIAOSHIZHUANYENENGLIBIAOZHUN、JIAOSHIZIGEBIAOZHUN、JIAOSHIJIAOYUJIGOURENZHENGBIAOZHUN、JIAOSHIPEIYANGKECHENGBIAOZHUN、JIAOSHIPEIXUNKECHENGBIAOZHUN、JIAOSHIJIAOYUJISHUBIAOZHUN、JIAOSHIJIAOYUZHILIANGPINGJIABIAOZHUNDENG。

    WANSHANPINGGUJILI。SHENGJIZHENGFUYAOPO“WUWEI”PINGJIAWANJI,YIDINGXINGYUDINGLIANGPINGJIAXIANGJIEHE、GUOCHENGYUJIEGUOPINGJIAXIANGJIEHE、KAOHEPINGJIAYUFANKUIZHIDAOXIANGJIEHEYUANZEKAIZHANDUDAOPINGGU。YOUSHENGJIZHENGFUZHIDINGJUTIJILICUOSHI,JIANLIZHUANXIANGJIJINKAIZHANJIXIAOKAOHEHEJIANGLI,BINGZAINIANZHONGPINGYOUHEZHIWUZHICHENGJINSHENGZHONGYOUXIANKAOLV。GUOJIAJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENMEINIANYAOZUZHIJIANCE,FABUNIANDUZHILIANGBAOGAO,BIAOZHANGYEJITUCHUDESHENGSHI;GEDIDUIYEJITUCHURENYUANJINXINGWUZHIJIANGLIBINGBANFARONGYUZHENGSHU。

    (BENWENXI2019NIANDUZHONGGUOJIAOYUKEXUEYANJIUYUANZHONGYANGJIKEYANYUANSUOJIBENKEYANYEWUFEIZHUANXIANGZIZHUXIANGMU“GOUJIANXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESEJIAOSHIJIAOYUYITIHUATIXIYANJIU”DEHEXINCHENGGUO,XIANGMUPIZHUNHAOGY12019058,ZUOZHEXIZHONGGUOJIAOYUKEXUEYANJIUYUANJIAOSHIFAZHANYANJIUSUOFUYANJIUYUAN)

    《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN12YUE12RIDI11BAN 

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