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3D打印助力以学习为中心

从教学结构转向学习结构

发布时间:2019-11-28 作者:景玉慧 沈书生 来源:中国教育报

ZHIHUIJIAOYUBEIJINGXIA,JIAOYUYANJIUYUSHIJIANLINGYUZAIBUDUANTANTAORUHEJIANGYIJIAOSHIJIAOWEIZHUDE“JIAOXUEJIEGOU”,ZHUANBIANWEIYIXUESHENGXUEWEIZHUDE“XUEXIJIEGOU”,JINERZHENZHENGGUANZHUXUEXIZHEDEZHUGUANNENGDONGXING,SHIXIANYIXUEXIZHEWEIZHONGXIN。CONGJIAOYUXUEDEJIAODUKAN,3DDAYINJIANXINGDE“ZUOZHONGXUE”HE“XUEZHONGZUO”JIAOYULINIAN,BUJINWEIBIANGECHUANTONGJIAOXUEJIEGOU、GAIBIANCHUANTONGSHISHENGGUANXITIGONGJIHUI,HAIWEISHISHENGCHUANGSHEGENGJIAZIZHUYUZHENSHIDEXUEXIHUANJING,CUJINSHIXIANYIXUEWEIZHUDEXUEXIJIEGOUTIGONGTIAOJIAN。YIJIAOYUXUEDEJIBENXINGTAIYAOSU“REN、WU、SHI、JING、MAI”ZUOWEIFENXIKUANGJIA,FENXI3DDAYINRUHECONGJIAOYUXUEDEBUTONGXINGTAIYAOSUCHUFA,ZHULIJIAOXUEJIEGOUXIANGXUEXIJIEGOUZHUANXING,YIFANGMIANYOUZHUYUYANJIUZHEHESHIJIANZHEJIANLIDUI3DDAYINJIAOYUJIAZHIDEQINGXIRENZHI;LINGYIFANGMIANYINDAOTAMENJINYIBUYI3DDAYINJISHUWEIZHUASHOU,KAIZHANXIANGGUANJIAOYUBIANGE,ZHENZHENGLUOSHI“YIXUEXIZHEWEIZHONGXIN”DEJIAOYULINIAN,SHIXIANZHIHUIXUEXI。

人的视角:融入新型教育理念,塑造新型师生关系

HEJIAOYUXUEZHIJIEXIANGGUANDERENZHUYAOSHIJIAOSHIHEXUESHENG。3DDAYINJIANXINGDE“ZUOZHONGXUE”HE“XUEZHONGZUO”LINIAN,SHIXUESHENGNENGGOUZAIRONGHE3DDAYINDEJIAOYUXUEGUOCHENGZHONGXINGCHENG“XINZHIXUQIU—XINZHIHUOQU—XINZHIYINGYONG—XINZHIQIANYI—XINZHIZAIXUQIU”DELIANGXINGDIEDAIXUEXIXUNHUAN。ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,XUEXIZHEBUZAISHIZHISHIDEBEIDONGJIESHOUZHE,ERSHIGENJUZIJIDEAIHAO,JIEZHUBUTONGXUEXIZUZHIXINGSHI、ZIYUANNEIRONGHEBIAOZHENGXINGSHI,ZAIZIZHUSHEJI、DAYIN、XIUZHENGSHUZIYUANXINGDENGXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZIZHUFAXIANWENTI、CHANSHENGXUEXIXUQIU,CHENGWEIWENTITANJIUYUJIEJUEDEZHISHIJIANGOUZHE。JIAOSHIYOUZHISHICHUANSHOUZHEZHUANBIANWEIXUEXIHUODONGDETONGCHOU、GUIHUAYUSHEJIZHE,FAXIANXUEXIXUQIU、BUCHONGXUEXIZIYUAN、TIGONGZHENDUIXINGFUDAO。3DDAYINJUBEICHUANGSHESHENDUCANYUSHIXUEXIHUODONGDEQIANZHI,WEICHONGFENFAHUIXUESHENGZHUTIXINGYUSUZAOXINXINGSHISHENGGUANXITIGONGQIJI。

物的视角:提供选择性外部条件,满足个性化需求

“WU”ZHUYAOZHI3DDAYINZHICHIXIADEJIAOYUXUEXINGWEIFASHENGDEHUANJINGHUOTIAOJIAN。SHOUXIAN,JIUGUOCHENGERYAN,XIANCUNDE3DJIANMORUANJIAN、DAYINCAILIAOCHENGFEN、YANSEDENGDOUYOUDUOZHONGLEIXING,XUEXIZHEKEYIZAIANXUXUANZEDEJICHUSHANG,ZIZHUSHEJI、CHUANGZAOZHIXIANGMUBIAODACHENGDEDUOYANGHUASHUZIZHIPINYUANXING,ZUIZHONGYONG3DDAYINJIDAYINSHIXIAN。GAIGUOCHENGNENGGOUWEIXUESHENGXUANZEGONGJUYULUJING,WANCHENGZHIXIANGMUBIAODACHENGDEXUEXIRENWUTIGONGJIHUI,YOULIYUCHONGFENZUNZHONGXUESHENGDEGEXINGHUAXUQIU。QICI,JIUJIEGUOERYAN,TASHISHISHENGHUODESIRENDINGZHISHIJIAOJU、XUEJUDEZHONGYAOFANGSHI,3DDAYINZHIZUOBUJINKEYISHIXIANKUAISUXIAOGUIMOSHENGCHAN,ERQIEGENGJIAZHONGYUSHISHENGDEZHENSHIXUQIU。JIAOSHIKEYIJIANGBEIKELINGGANJIEZHU3DDAYINKUAISUSHIXIAN,XINGCHENGCUJINXUESHENGLIJIEHUOBANGZHUXUESHENGXIUZHENGSHEJIFANGANDESHITIMOXING,LEISISHUXUEZHONGDELITIJIHEHESHUANGQUXIANMOXING、KEXUEKEZHONGDEHUOJIANHEQIAOLIANGCESHIMOXINGDENG。3DDAYINGUOCHENGHEJIEGUODUIJIAOYUXUEDEZHICHI,DOUJIYOULIYUMANZUZHENSHIXUQIU,YOUYOULIYUGUANZHUCHAYIYUGEXING,ZHULISHIXIANYIXUEXIZHEWEIZHONGXIN。

事的视角:暗含有序活动序列,实现能力进阶

“SHI”ZHIYU3DDAYINXIANGRONGHEDEJIAOYUXUEXIANGGUANSHIYI。DANGQIAN,GUONEIWAIGUANYU3DDAYINDEJIAOYUYINGYONGSUIBUFENGFU,DANYIYOUYANJIUJIHUDOUQIANGDIAOYIXIANGMUHUAXUEXIWEIZAITI,ZUIZHONGDOUYAOXINGCHENGZHIXIANGZHENSHIWENTIJIEJUEDECELVE、ZHIPINHUOFANGAN,QIEZHEIXIECELVE、ZHIPINHUOFANGANDESHEJISIXIANGDOUHUIJIEZHU3DDAYINZHIPINJINXINGBIAOZHENG、JIANYANYUXIUDING,YIQUEBAOQIYOUXIAOXING。YINER,RONGRU3DDAYINDEJIAOYUXUEHUIZHUYAOYIDAYINZHIPINCHUANGZUOWEIXIANSUOZHANKAI。CHUANGZUOGUOCHENGKEGAIKUOWEISANGEJIEDUAN:QIANQISIXIANGGOUSI、ZHONGQIZHIPINSHEJI、HOUQIZHIPINYANZHENGYUFANGANXIUDING。YOUCIKEJIAN,RONGRU3DDAYINDEJIAOYUXUEGUOCHENG,BENSHENANHANYOUXU、LIANGUANQIEFUYOUCENGCIDEHUODONGXULIE,XUESHENGKEYIZIZHUXUANZEZHIXIANGMUBIAODACHENGDEXIANGMUZHUTI,TONGGUOJIAOSHISHOUDAO、HEZUOTANJIUDENGXUEXIFANGSHI,ZAI“GOUSI—SHEJI—DAYIN—YANZHENG—XIUZHENG”DEDIEDAIXUNHUANZHONG,SHIXIANWENTIYISHI、KONGJIANYISHI、ZHIPINSHEJIYIJICHUANGXIN、WENTIJIEJUEDENGDUOZHONGNENGLIDESHUANGXIANGCUJINYULUOXUANSHANGSHENG,WEICHUANGXINXINGHEZHIHUIXINGRENCAIPEIYANGCHUANGZAOQIJI。

境的视角:创设真实学习情境,促进知识迁移

“JING”ZHIZHENSHISHIJIEDEQINGJING。3DDAYINNENGGOUJIANGBUTONGXUEKEZHISHIYINGSHEYUSHUZIYUANXINGSHEJIHEZHIPINJIANYANYUXIUZHENGDENGGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUOSHUZIYUANXINGXIANGSHITIMOXINGDEZHUANHUAN,WEIXUEXIZHETIGONGWANZHENGZHENSHIDEXUEXITIYAN。3DDAYINCHUANGSHEDEJINGZHUYAOBAOHANLIANGZHONG:YIZHONGSHIZHENSHISHIJIEWENTIQINGJING,JIXUEKEZHISHIYINGSHEYIZHENSHISHIJIEWEIYITUODEWENTIQINGJING,ZHIZAIBANGZHUXUEXIZHEJIANLISHUBENZHISHIYUZHENSHISHIJIEDEGUANLIAN,JINYIBUTIHUIZHISHIDEJIAZHI;LINGYIZHONGSHIZHENSHIYUANXINGCESHIQINGJING,JIYINGYONG3DDAYINJISHUJIANGSHEJIDESHUZIYUANXINGHUOFANGANSHIXIANWEISHITIMOXING,CHUANGSHEZHIPINYUNXINGDEZHENSHIYINGYONGQINGJING,YISHIXIANSHUZIYUANXINGHUOFANGANDEJISHICESHI、XIUZHENGYUGAIJIN,RUDAYINQIAOLIANG、HUOJIANSHITIMOXING,CESHIQISHOUZHONGXINGNENG、FEIXINGNENGLIDENG,DUISHEJIYUANXINGJINXINGXIUZHENGYUGAIJIN。ZHEILIANGZHONGQINGJINGJUNLIZUYUZHENSHIXING,WEIXUEXIZHECHUANGJIANZHISHIYINGYONGHUOZHISHIQIYUANDEZHENSHICHANGSUO,ZAIZHENSHIWENTIJIEJUEZHONG,JIANLIZHISHIYUZHENSHISHIJIEGUANLIANDETONGSHI,SHIXIANZHISHIDEYINGYONGYUQIANYI。

脉的视角:形成清晰学习主线,构建完整知能体系

“MAI”ZHIXUEXINEIRONGJIANDEGUANLIAN。3DDAYINJIAOYUYINGYONGYIXIANGMUHUAXUEXIWEIZAITI,TONGCHANGSHEJIKEXUE、SHUXUE、JISHU、YISHU、GONGCHENGDENGDUOXUEKELINGYUZHISHI,BUJINSHISHIXIANKUAXUEKERONGHEJIAOXUEDEYOUXIAOJISHUGONGJU,HAISHIXINGCHENGYIZHIPINCHUANGZUOWEIXUEXIZHUXIANDEJISHUZAITI。ZAIZHIPINCHUANGZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,3DDAYINGEJIEDUANYICHUANLIANHUODONGXULIEDEFANGSHIJIANGXUEXINEIRONGYOUXIAOXIANJIE,SHIXUEXIZHEZAIYOUXUDEZHIPINCHUANGZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,LIQINGZHISHIJIANDENEIZAILUOJI,JIANLIZHISHIDENEIZAIGUANLIAN,JIANGQIKUAISUNARUYUANYOURENZHIJIEGOU,JIANLIWANZHENGZHINENGTIXI,CUJINXINGCHENGMIANXIANGWEILAIDEXUEXILI。

3DDAYINNENGGOUCONGZHULIJIAOYUXUEGUOCHENGJIBENXINGTAIYAOSUDEBIANGECHUFA,CUJINJIAOXUEJIEGOUXIANGXUEXIJIEGOUZHUANXING,HOUXUYANJIUYUYINGYONGJIKELIZU“REN、WU、SHI、JING、MAI”JIBENXINGTAIYAOSU,TANSUO3DDAYINZHIYUJUTIXUEKEDEJIAOYUJIAZHI。

(ZUOZHEDANWEI:NANJINGSHIFANDAXUEJIAOYUKEXUEXUEYUAN,BENWENXI“JIANGSUGAOXIAOYOUSHIXUEKEJIANSHEGONGCHENGZIZHUXIANGMU”CHENGGUO)

《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN11YUE28RIDI7BAN 

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