湖北快3

湖北快3>检索页>当前

校园欺凌发生时 如何保护“少年的你”

发布时间:2019-11-14 作者:本报记者 杨咏梅 来源:中国教育报

新近发布的未成年人保护法修订草案,增加了有关防控学生欺凌的强制报告制度和预防教育机制,近期热播的电影《少年的你》也让人们再次聚焦校园欺凌这个世界性难题。据中国人民大学中国调查与数据中心的全国调查数据,将近一半(49.6%)的初中生遭受过言语形式的校园暴力,37.7%的初中生遭遇过关系欺凌,19.1%的初中生在校园里遭受过身体上的暴力伤害,网络欺凌的发生率也达到了14.5%。

11月1日,中国教育报家庭教育公开课“今天,我们怎样做父母”邀请到中国教育学会中小学安全教育与安全管理专业委员会副理事长、北京青少年法律与心理咨询服务中心主任宗春山和中国教育学会家庭教育专业委员会副秘书长岳坤,讨论如何预防和应对校园欺凌。两位嘉宾尤其关注到校园欺凌中的隐性欺凌和改变旁观者态度的关键性作用。

欺凌与犯罪仅一步之遥

BEIJING5MINGSHAONVYINOUDA、RUMATONGXUEZAOCHENGQIZHONGYIRENJINGSHENYIYUBEIPANYOUQITUXING;XIAN17SUISHAONIANGUIDIZAO7MINGNANNVLUNLIUOUDAHOUBUXINGLISHI;4MINGNVSHENGZAIJIAOSHINEILUNLIUBAODAYIMINGDUANFANVSHENG,SHIDUOGETONGXUEWEIGUAN,QUEWUYIRENSHANGQIANZULANSHIBAOZHE……ZHEIXIEHAIZIYIKAISHISHIZAINAOZHEWANMA?NAXIEXINGWEIKECHENGWEIQILINGXINGWEI?

ZONGCHUNSHANRENWEI,ZAI5ZHONGXIAOYUANQILINGSHIJIAN(SHENTIQILING、YANYUQILING、CAIWUQILING、GUANXIQILING、WANGLUOQILING)ZHONG,SHOUYAODEPANDUANZHIBIAOSHI“BUDUIDENG”。QILINGSHIYIZHONGBUDUIDENGDEGONGJIXINGWEI,BAOKUOLILIANGDEQIANGRUO、DIWEIDEGAODI、NIANLINGDEDAXIAO,YIJIQILINGZHEDEHUOSHENGGANYUSHOUHAIZHEDETONGKUXIUKUIZHEIZHONGQINGXUDEBUDUIDENG。HAIYOUSANGEGUANJIANDIANSHIDONGJICHUYUXUYIHUOEYI、XINGWEISHANGSHIQIFUHUOWURU、ZAOCHENGBEIQILINGZHEDESHENXINSHANGHAI。

ZONGCHUNSHANTEBIEQIANGDIAO:“YOUQIYAOGUANZHUSHOUQILINGZHEDEGANSHOU,SHIBUSHINAOZHEWAN,YAOWENWENRUOZHE,RUOZHESHUOWOSHOUQIFULE,NEIJIUSHIQILINGXINGWEI。”

SHENMEYANGDEHAIZIRONGYIBEIQILING?《SHAONIANDENI》DENVZHUJIAOSHUO“WOMEIYOUPENGYOU”,ZHEISUANTABEIQILINGDEYUANYINMA?ZONGCHUNSHANRENWEI,CHULECANZHANG、SHENCAIAIXIAO、JIATINGPINKUN、XINGGERUANRUO、BUSHANBIAODADENGTEZHENG,MEIYOUSHEHUIZHICHIXITONGLUODANDEHAIZIYERONGYIBEIQILING,“BIRUZHONGTUZHUANXUE,DAIZHEKOUYIN,GULIWUYUAN,JIASHANGCHUGAOZHONGJINGZHENGFEICHANGJILIE,XINCHUYI、GAOYIZHONGXINZUBANDENG,DOUSHIJIAZHANGYAOGEWAIZAIYIHAIZISHIFOUBEIQILINGDESHIJIANJIEDIAN”。

SHENMEYANGDEHAIZIRONGYICHENGWEIQILINGZHE?ZONGCHUNSHANFAXIAN,CHULESHENTIQIANGZHUANGDE、ZIWOZHONGXINDE、JIATINGTIAOJIANYOUYUEDE、BEILAOSHICHONGAIDEBANGANBUDENG,“HAIYOUYIXIESHIXUEXISHIBAIZHE,JIDUGONGJIXUEXIHAODEHAIZI,TONGGUOQIFURENHUODECUNZAIGAN,YESHIHENMINGXIANDETEZHENG”。

YUEKUNRENWEI,XIAOYUANQILINGDUOFASHENGZAIQINGSHAONIANSHIQI,ZHEISHIDANAOQIANEYEPIZHIFUZEZIKONGDEBUFENHAIMEIYOUFAYUCHENGSHU,ZIKONGLIBIJIAORUO,RONGYICHONGDONG,“RUGUOLAIZIXUEXIAOHEJIATINGDEXINGWEIGUIFANZHIDAOBUGOUQINGXIHUOZHEQUESHI,YOUXIEHAIZIWANGWANGBUNENGZHENGQUERENZHIXINGWEIDEBIANJIE,SHENZHIBUZHIDAOCHISHOUKONGQUANYEKEYIBARENDASI,QILINGSHIJIANLIFANZUIZHENDEJIUSHIYIBUZHIYAO”。

ZONGCHUNSHANRENWEISUOYOUDERENDOUYOUKENENGCHENGWEIQILINGZHE,YOUXIEQILINGZHEBENSHENJIUCENGJINGSHISHOUHAIZHE,XUEHUILEYONGQIFUBIERENLAIFANGYUHEBAOHUZIJI。TASHUO:“QILINGZHEDEGONGTONGDIANSHISHEHUIGUIFANBUQINGXI、RENJIJIAOWANGBUCHENGSHU、QINGXUBIAODAYOUWENTI,SUOYIJIAZHANGYAOJIAOHUIHAIZISHIBIEZIJIDEQINGXU,SHIDUBIAODAZIJIDEQINGXU,PEIYANGQINGXUZIKONGLI。”

不可忽视关系欺凌和言语欺凌的伤害和影响

“XUEXIHAODEHAIZIYEHUIBEIQILING。”YUEKUNZAIMEIGUODUSHUDESHIHOU,YOUGEFEICHANGYOUXIUDEMEIGUOTONGXUE,GAOZHONGNIANDESHIGONGLIXUEXIAO,JIUYINWEIAIXUEXIERBEIQITAHAIZISHIWEIGUAIKA,ZAODAOLIANHEGULI,BEIQIWAIHAO、CHUANYAOYAN,JITAZAOCHENGLEHENDADESHANGHAI。

YUEKUNSHUO:“JISHISHISHOULAOSHIHUANYINGDEHAIZI,YINWEIHEQITAHAIZI‘BUYIYANG’,YEKENENGSHOUDAOQILING。YOUQISHIYINXINGDEGUANXIQILING,BULINI,BANIDANGKONGQIYIYANGHUSHINIDECUNZAI,ZHEIZHONGBEIBIANYUANHUA、BEIPAICHIDEQILING,MEIYOULIUXIASHENTISHANGDESHANGHAIHENJI,BURONGYIBEIFAXIAN,SHENZHIHENDUORENBURENWEINEISHIQILING,QUEWANGWANGJIBEIQILINGZHELIUXIACHIJIUDEXINLINGCHUANGSHANG。”

ZONGCHUNSHANBUCHONGDAO:“GUANXIQILINGYOUSHIHOULIANHUADOUBUYONGSHUO,BIRUYIGEGANGDAOMEIGUOSHANGXUEDEYAYIXUESHENG,ZHONGWUZAISHITANGZUOZAILIANGGEBAIRENXUESHENGPANGBIAN,NEILIANGGEXUESHENGHUXIANGDUISHIYIYAN,DUANQIPANZIJIUQISHENLIKAI。ZHEIFANHAIZENMECHIXIAQU?ZHEIZHONGBEIPAIJIDEGUANXIQILINGZAOCHENGDEFENNUQINGXU,DUISHOUHAIZHESHIXUESHANGJIASHUANG,HUIJIASHENQIZIBEIWULIGAN。FENNUDEQINGXUYAYIJIULE,ZONGYOUYITIANHUIBAOFA,YEXUJIUYINFALELINGYIGEQILINGSHIJIAN。”

BEIQIFUDEHAIZIWEISHENMEBUQIUZHUYULAOSHIHEJIAZHANGNI?YUEKUNRENWEICHENGRENDUIXIAOYUANQILINGPUBIANRENZHIBUZU,ERXUDUOBEIQILINGDEHAIZIYEBUHUIDIYISHIJIANGAOSULAOSHIHUOJIAZHANG,“LIANHEGUOYOUGEXIANGGUANBAOGAOLIZHICHU,BEIQILINGDEHAIZIYOUSIFENZHIYIBUZHIDAOGAOSUSHEI;YOUXIEHAIZIZAODAOQILINGZHEWEIXIE,DANXINBAOGAOLAOSHIJIAZHANGHUIZAOSHOUGENGYANZHONGDEQILINGXINGWEI;HAIYOUXIEZESHIDUIYUBEIXIURUDEJINGLINANYIQICHI”。YUEKUNRENWEITEBIEZHIDEGUANZHUDE,SHIYOUDEBEIQILINGZHECONGFUMUHUOLAOSHINEILIDEBUDAOZHENGMIANFANYINGHEYOUXIAOZHICHI,FANERBEIZHIWEN“YIGEBAZHANGPAIBUXIANG,WEISHENMENEIMEDUORENPIANPIANZHIQIFUNI?”“WEISHENMEBUDAHUIQU?”YUEKUNSHANGZHONGXUESHICENGJINGPEIBEIQILINGDETONGXUEQUZHAOLAOSHI,“JIEGUOQUESHIBUGUANGBEIQILINGDETONGXUE,LIANSHENWEIPANGGUANZHEDEWOYEBEILAOSHIDEFANYINGSUOSHANGHAI”。

DIAOCHASHUJUXIANSHI,BILIZUIDADESHIYANYUQILING。NEITONGXUEZHIJIANHUXIANGQIWAIHAO,SHIFOUSUANQILINGNI?“QUJUEYUBEIQIWAIHAODERENDEGANSHOU。”ZONGCHUNSHANLIEJULEQIWAIHAO、CHAOXIAO、SHUOCUHUA、YIZHIQISHI、JIAOXIAO、XILUO、JIANGZANGHUA、JIAOBIERENFUMUDEMINGZI、SHUOXIANHUAWURURENDENGYANYUQILINGDEFANGSHI,HAIZHICHUYOUYIZHONGYANYUQILINGBIAOMIANSHANGTINGQILAIXIANGSHIKAIWANXIAO,“DANZHENGRUFULUOYIDESUOSHUO,SUOYOUDEWANXIAOBEIHOUDOUSHIYOUYIYIDE,SHIYIZHONGYINBIDEGONGJIXINGWEI。”

KAIWANXIAOSHIBUSHIQILING?ZONGCHUNSHANJIANYIYONGLIANGDIANLAIPANDUAN——NIKAIWANXIAODEQIXINDONGNIANSHISHANYIDEMA?DUIFANGNENGJIESHOUMA?“YIFANGMIANKANDONGJISHIFOUSHIEYIDE,XINGWEISHIFOUSHIWURURENDE,LINGYIFANGMIANKANSHIFOUZAOCHENGLESHENXINSHANGHAI,ZHONGSHIBEIKAIWANXIAODENEIGERENDEGANSHOU。”

防欺凌的关键是改变旁观者的态度

2015NIAN6YUEFASHENGZAILUOSHANJIDEYIGEXIAOYUANQILINGANJIAN,ZHENJINGWUSHULIUXUESHENGJIAZHANG。QIZHONGYIWEIPANGGUANZHEZHANGMOU,ZHISHIHUIJIANALEYIBAJIANDAO,BINGMEIYOUZHIJIECANYUSHIBAO,YEBEIMEIGUOFATINGPANLE3NIAN。FATINGRENDINGZHEIBAJIANDAOBEISHIBAOZHEYONGLAIJIANDIAOBEIQILINGZHEDETOUFA,CHENGWEIGENGYANZHONGDELINGRUDEKAIDUAN。

DUICI,YUEKUNRENWEI,QILINGSHIJIANZHONG,PANGGUANZHESHIJISHANGQIDAOLEZHUZHANGQILINGDEZUOYONG,LENGMODEPANGGUANZHEYESHISHIHAIZHE,PANGGUANZHEDEMOXUSHIQILINGZUIDADEBANGXIONG。ZONGCHUNSHANSHUOQILINGZHEWANGWANGSHIXUEXIDESHIBAIZHE,XINLINENGLIANGQUESHI,XIANCHANGRUGUOZHIYOUTAHESHOUHAIZHE,QIYANHAIBUTAIXIAOZHANG,“RUGUOYOUYIQUNRENPANGGUAN、CHAOXIAO、QIHONG,QILINGZHEJIUGENGJIAPENGZHANG,SHOUQILINGZHEYUETONGKU,WEIGUANZHEYUEDUO,TAYUELAIJING,FANGFOSHIYIZHONGWUTAIXIAOYING”。

ZONGCHUNSHANCONG1989NIANKAISHIDIAOYANXIAOYUANQILING,ZHUANMENXIELE《SHAONIANJIANGHU》YISHU。TATIDAOYICIJIANGZUOSHIZUODEYIGESHIYAN:YIGERENBEIMENGZHEYAN,YIQUNRENFANFUTUISANGTA,XIAMIANGUANKANDERENRENBUZHUFACHUXIAOSHENG。SHIYANTINGZHISHI,WENBEIMENGYANTUISANGDERENYOUSHENMEGANSHOU。“TASHUO:‘BEITUILAITUIQUBUSHUFU,HAIYOUXIAOSHENG,NEIXIEXIAOSHENGRANGWOGENGTONGKU。’ZHEIJIUSHIPANGGUANZHEZHUZHANGQILINGXINGWEI、RANGSHOUHAIZHEGENGJIAWULI。”

ZHUCHIRENTIDAOFENLANDEFANGXIAOYUANQILINGXIANGMUKiVa,TAMENYANJIUFAXIAN,XIAOYUANQILINGSHIJIANZHONG,8%SHIQILINGZHE,12%SHISHOUHAIZHE,SHENGXIA80%DEPANGGUANZHEQUNTISHIFANGFANXIAOYUANQILINGDEZHONGDIAN。DANGPANGGUANZHEZHANZAISHOUHAIZHEYIFANGSHI,QILINGSHIJIANJIUCHENGWEI92%YU8%DEDUIKANG。TAMENZAIQUANFENLANDE234SUOXUEXIAOKAIZHANSHIYAN,HUANXINGPANGGUANZHEJIAOSEYISHI,ZENGQIANGPANGGUANZHEDEZERENGAN。YINIANHOU,SHIYANDUIXIANGCHENGWEIQILINGZHEHESHOUHAIZHEDEFENGXIANDOUJIANSHAOLE50%YISHANG。

DUICI,ZONGCHUNSHANSHENYOUTIHUI:“ZHANZAISHOUHAIZHEHOUMIAN,JISHISHENMEDOUBUSHUO,JIUSHIYOUXIAODESHENGYUAN,JIUYOUZHENSHEZUOYONG。”

YUEKUNRENWEIHAIZIZAIQILINGSHIJIANZHONGKENENGCHENGWEINAGEJIAOSE,GENJIATINGJIAOYUYOUZHEMIQIEDEGUANXI。“JIAZHANGYAOGULIHAIZIBIAODAZIJIDEQINGXUHETAIDU,BUNENGYAOQIUHAIZIYIWEISHUNCONG,JIAZHANGZUOCUOLESHIQINGYAOGENHAIZIDAOQIAN,JIAOHAIZIXUEHUIZUNZHONGQUANWEI,ERBUSHIHAIPAQUANWEI;JIAZHANGYEBUNENGNIAIHAIZI、ZONGSHIDUIHAIZITUOXIE,CONGXIAOGUOYUZIWOZHONGXINDEHAIZIJIUKENENGCHENGWEIWEILAIDEQILINGZHE。”

JIAZHANGHAIYINGGAIJIAOJIHAIZIRUHEZIWOBAOHU,YUEKUNTIXINGJIAZHANGSHUO:“JIAOHAIZIXUEHUIBAOHUZIJI,BUSHIJITAYIBEN《FANGQILINGSHOUCE》,ERSHIYAOSHIFANJIHAIZIKAN,HETAFANFULIANXI,ZHIDAOTAFEICHANGZIRUDISHIYONGNEIXIEJIQIAOHEFANGFA。”YUEKUNDEHAIZILIANGSUIDUOSHI,QINZIBANLIYOUGEXIAOHAIJINGCHANGDATA,YUEKUNJIUHEHAIZIZAIJIALIANXI,XIANSHIFANRUGUOZIJIBEIQIFUYAORUHEZIBAO,RANHOUJIAZHUANGQIFUTA,JIAOHAIZIZHUAZHUDUIFANGDESHOUDASHENGHAN:“BUXUDAREN!”“WOBUXIHUANNIZHEIYANG!”

RUGUOFAXIANHAIZIZAOYULEXIAOYUANQILING,JIAZHANGZUIGAISHUODEHUASHISHENME?“ZHEIBUSHINIDECUO!” ZONGCHUNSHANSHUO,“YIDINGXIANGENHAIZILAJINGUANXI,‘GAOSUMAMANAERTENG,GAOSUBABASHEIQIFUNILE,BABAMAMASHINIZUIHAODEPENGYOU,NIYIDINGYAOXIANGXINBABAMAMA!’QIANWANBUNENGSHUO‘WEISHENMEBUDAHUIQU?WEISHENMEDANDANQIFUNI?’ZHEIHUIRANGHAIZISHIQUDUIFUMUDEXINREN,GUANSHANGQIUZHUDEDAMEN。”

湖北快3《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN11YUE14RIDI9BAN 

0 0 0 0
分享到:0

相关阅读

最新发布
热门标签
点击排行
热点推荐

GONGXINBUBEIANHAO:JINGICPBEI05071141HAO

湖北快3HULIANWANGXINWENXINXIFUWUXUKEZHENG 10120170024

GUIYANGHUARUIJIAOYU BANQUANSUOYOU,WEIJINGSHUMIANSHOUQUANJINZHIXIAZAISHIYONG

Copyright@2000-2019湖北快3 www.huaruiedu.cn All Rights Reserved.

沧州临港三菱金属制品有限公司 江西江南理工学院 东莞理工学院教育培训中心 济南德佳机器控股有限公司 长兴县第二实验小学 贵阳四度空间传媒有限公司 上海猎诺工贸有限公司 通辽市气象局 贵阳华锐教育