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家庭教育是什么

发布时间:2019-10-24 作者:关颖 来源:中国教育报

    家庭教育是家庭中发生的、以亲子互动为中心的教育活动,是成年人按照期望的目标在家庭生活的各个方面、持续不断地教育和影响儿童的过程,也是家庭成员相互学习和影响的过程。    

    JIATINGJIAOYUDUIMEIGERENLAISHUODOUSHIZAISHUXIBUGUODESHIQINGLE。JIAZHANGWEIHAIZIQINGZHULEDALIANGXINXUE,JIATINGJIAOYUZHIDAOZHE、GONGZUOZHEYIZHIDAOHEFUWUJIAZHANGWEIJIREN,MEIGERENDOUNENGSHUOQINGCHU“JIATINGJIAOYUSHISHENME”MA?YEWEIBI。

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JIATINGJIAOYUDEBENZHITEZHENGTIXIANZAILIUFANGMIAN:

    家庭教育是以亲子为中心的教育活动

JIATINGJIAOYUSHIJIAZHONGDECHENGNIANRENYUHAIZIZHIJIANDEHUDONG,ZHUYAOSHIFUMUYUZINVZHIJIANDEHUDONG。FUMUYUZINVDEGUANXIJUYOUBUKEXUANZE、BUKESUIYIJIECHUDETEXING,SUOYIWEIRENFUMUZHEBIXULVXINGDUIWEICHENGNIANZINVFUYANGJIAOYUDEFADINGZHIZE,ZHEIJIUJUEDINGLEFUMUSHIHAIZIJIAOYUDEZHUJIAO。ZHEIZHONGJIAOYUBUSHIJIANDANDIDUIHAIZISHUOJIAO,GENGDUODESHIWEIHAIZICHUANGZAOLIANGHAODEJIATINGSHENGHUOHERENJIJIAOWANGHUANJING,SHIDUIHAIZIDEPEIBAN、QINGTING、TAOYE、QIFA,YONGSHENGMINGYINGXIANGSHENGMING。YINCI,JIATINGJIAOYUDEGUOCHENGYESHIFUMUZISHENDEXUEXIHEZIWOWANSHANDEGUOCHENG。

    家庭教育伴随家庭生活而进行

JIATINGJIAOYUSHIZAIJIATINGSIYUZHONGFASHENGDE,ZHUYAOTEDIANSHIFENSAN、SUIJIHEQIANYIMOHUA。TADENEIRONG、FANGSHIHEYITUYUNHANYURICHANGSHENGHUOZHIZHONG,BUJINJINSHIDARENDUIHAIZIDEZHIJIEJIAOYU,YEBIAOXIANWEIJIANJIEYINSUDEJIAOYUHUOYINGXIANG。

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    家庭教育是一种终身教育

JIATINGJIAOYUSUIZHEHAIZICHUSHENGJIUKAISHI,GUANCHUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIDEGEGEJIEDUAN,SHEJIRENSHENGDEFANGFANGMIANMIAN,SHICONGYINGYOUER、QINGSHAONIANJIAOYUDAOZHONGLAONIANZIWOJIAOYUDEYOUJIXIANJIEHETONGYI,QIANYIJIEDUANSHIHOUYIJIEDUANDEJICHU,HOUYIJIEDUANJIXUQIANYIJIEDUANDECHENGXIAO。

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    家庭教育内容具有全面性

JIATINGJIAOYUDENEIRONGSHEJIHAIZISHENGCUNHEFAZHANDEFANGFANGMIANMIAN,QIQUANMIANXINGSHIXUEXIAOJIAOYU、SHEHUIJIAOYUYUANYUANBUJIDE。XUEXIAOJIAOYUYOUZISHENGUIFANHUADEZHISHITIXIHEJIAOYUNEIRONG,SHEHUIJIAOYUSHEJIBUTONGDELINGYU、MANZUHAIZITEDINGDEXUEXIXUQIU。ERJIATINGJIAOYUBUJINHANGAIWOGUOJIAOYUFANGZHENTICHUDE“DE、ZHI、TI、MEI、LAODENGFANGMIANQUANMIANFAZHAN”,HAIYOUJIBENSHENGHUOJINENG、LIANGHAOXINGWEIXIGUAN、JIJIXINLIZHUANGTAI、LIANGHAOSHEHUISHIYING、WEIRENCHUSHIDEBENLINGDENGNEIRONG,ZAIKETANGSHANG、SHUBENZHONGXUEBUDAO,QUEDUIRENDEYISHENGYOUZHEZHONGYAOYINGXIANG,ZHEIXIEDOURONGYUJIATINGSHENGHUODEDIANDIANDIDIZHIZHONG。KEYISHUO,JIATINGJIAOYUSHIYIZHONG“QUANRENJIAOYU”。

    家庭教育效果具有可持续性

JIATINGJIAOYUBUJINJINSHIWEILEDANGXIA,GENGZHUZHONGWEIHAIZIDEKECHIXUFAZHANDAJICHU。

DUIHAIZIERYAN,XUEXIAOJIAOYUHESHEHUIJIGOUDEJIAOYUSHIYOUJIEDUANXINGDE,WULUNSHIXIAOXUE、ZHONGXUE、DAXUE,WULUNCANJIASHENMEPEIXUNBAN,XUESHENGBIYE、JIEYELE,LAOSHIDERENWUYEJIUWANCHENGLE,XUEXIXIAOGUOTONGGUOKAOSHICHENGJIYIMULERAN。ERJIANYANJIATINGJIAOYUDEXIAOGUOBUWANQUANZAIDANGXIA,YEMEIYOUGUDINGDEZHIBIAO。JIATINGJIAOYUZAIHAIZINIANYOUSHIDAXIADEJICHU,YOUQISHIRENDESHENGCUNNENGLI、JIAZHIGUAN、XINGWEIXIGUANDENGFANGMIAN,WANGWANGGENGDUODESHIZAIHAIZITUOLIFUMU、ZHANGDACHENGRENZHIHOUBIAOXIANCHULAI。

YINCI,JIATINGJIAOYUGENGZHUZHONGRENDEKECHIXUFAZHAN,JIMANZUHAIZIDANGXIADEXUYAO,YOUZHUZHONGPEIYANGQIJINHOUXUYAODELIANGHAORENGEHEDUOZHONGNENGLI。

    家庭教育具有自身的局限性

JIATINGJIAOYUDEJUXIANXING,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAI:JIATINGDEKEGUANTIAOJIANHEZHANGZHEDESUZHIZHIYUEJIATINGJIAOYUXIAOGUO,MOUXIEBULIYUHAIZICHENGZHANGDEYINSUHENNANTONGGUOWAILIERGAIBIAN;ZUOWEIJIAZHANGDEZHUANYEXUNLIANBUZU,SHIJIATINGJIAOYUCUNZAIBUKEBIMIANDEMANGMUXING,ZHISHIJIAOYUGUANNIANPIANPO、JIAOYUFANGSHIBULIANG、JIAOYUNENGLIQIANQUEDENGWENTIPUBIANCUNZAI;YOUYUJIATINGRENJIGUANXIDETESHUXING,RONGYIZAIJIAOYUHUODONGZHONGGANQINGYONGSHI;JIATINGSHENGHUOFANWEIXIAZHAIHEJIAZHANGQUESHAODUIJIAOYURENSHIDEHONGGUANSHIYE,BUSHIYINGHAIZICHENGZHANGDEXINTEDIANHESHEHUIFAZHANXINQUSHI,JIATINGJIAOYUNEIRONGYUFANGSHISHOUDAOXIANZHI,NANYIZAIHAIZIJIAOYUSHANGYOUDEFANGSHI。

ZONGZHI,JIATINGJIAOYUDEGAINIANYUNEIHANTIXIANLEQIYOUBIEYUXUEXIAOJIAOYUHESHEHUIJIAOYUDEDUTEYOUSHI。SUOYI,JIAZHANGBUBIYILAOSHIJIAOXUESHENGDEBIAOZHUNZUOWEIPINGJIAZIJIJIAOYUHAIZIDEBIAOZHUN。ZUOJIATINGGAIZUODESHI,BAGAIZUODESHIZUOHAO,JIATINGJIAOYUYUXUEXIAOJIAOYUHESHEHUIJIAOYUSHIXIANHUBU,CAISHIMINGZHIDEXUANZE。

(ZUOZHEXITIANJINSHEHUIKEXUEYUANSHEHUIXUESUOYANJIUYUAN,ZHUYOU《JIATINGJIAOYUSHISHENME——JIAZHANGXUEXIDUBEN》)

《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2019NIAN10YUE24RIDI10BAN 

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