湖北快3

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应用型高校深化产教融合内部调适的着力点

发布时间:2019-12-21 作者:夏素霞 来源:《北京教育》杂志

摘 要:湖北快3在我国现有的六百多所新建地方本科院校转型发展的背景下,推动产教融合,在教育链中加入产业人才需求和技术需求要素,是高校培养新型应用型人才的需求。在国家全面重视产教融合的新环境下,分析应用型高校中观和微观层面如何通过内部调适触发高校主体的主观能动性,使企、教、学三方以更大合力促进产教融合。

关键词:湖北快3应用型高校;产教融合;内部调适 

湖北快32018NIAN6YUEZHAOKAIDE“JIANCHIYIBENWEIBEN,TUIJINSIGEHUIGUI,JIANSHEZHONGGUOTESE、SHIJIESHUIPINGDEYILIUBENKEJIAOYU”DEXINSHIDAIQUANGUOGAODENGXUEXIAOBENKEJIAOYUGONGZUOHUISHANG,JIAOYUBUBUZHANGCHENBAOSHENGTICHU:“YINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOYEYAOJIAQIANGYILIUBENKEJIAOYU。JIANSHEGAODENGJIAOYUQIANGGUOXUYAOGELEIRENCAI,WOGUOYOUYIDAPIYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAO,YAOGENJUBANXUECHUANTONG、QUWEIYOUSHI、ZIYUANTIAOJIANDENG,JINGENSHIDAIFAZHAN,FUWUDIFANGXUYAO,ZAIYINGYONGXINGRENCAIPEIYANGSHANGBANCHUTESE,ZHENGCHUANGYILIU。”WOGUOXIANYOUDE1,200DUOSUOYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOZHONG,YOU600DUOSUOXINJIANDIFANGBENKEYUANXIAO,ZAIZHUANXINGFAZHANDEQUSHIXIA,PEIYANGYINGYONGXINGRENCAISHIXINJIANDIFANGBENKEYUANXIAOZHUYAODERENCAIPEIYANGMUBIAO。2017NIAN12YUE,GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGYINFA《GUANYUSHENHUACHANJIAORONGHEDERUOGANYIJIAN》,ZHONGDIANGOUJIANSANXIANGTUIJINJIZHI,QIZHONGYIXIANGSHISHISHICHANJIAORONGHEGONGCHENG,YINDAOGELEIXUEXIAOJIANLIDUIJIECHANYEXUQIUDERENCAIPEIYANGMOSHI。GAOXIAORUHEZAIGUOJIAZHENGCEDEZHICHIXIA,FAHUINEIBUZHUTIZUOYONG,TUIDONGCHANJIAORONGHE,RANGCHANYEXUQIULAIYINDAOJIAOYUPEIYANG,SHIGAOXIAOTUIJINCHANYEFAZHANYOUZIYUANZHUDAOXIANGJISHUCHUANGXINZHUDAOZHUANBIAN,YOUZHONGGUOZHIZAOSHENGJIWEIZHONGGUOCHUANGZAODUIXINXINGYINGYONGXINGRENCAIDEXUQIU。

产教融合研究文献分析

WEILEQUANMIANLEJIEWOGUOYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOBENKEJIAOYUCHANJIAORONGHEDEYANJIUXIANZHUANG,LIYONGZHONGGUOZHIWANGQUANWENSHUJUKUPINGTAI,CAIYONGPIANMINGJIANSUOFADUI“CHANJIAORONGHE”JINXINGJIANSUO,JIEGUOXIANSHI:CONG2007NIANZHI2018NIAN,GUONEIGUANYU “CHANJIAORONGHE”DEWENXIANYANJIUGONGJI1,914PIAN。FENBIECAIYONGZAIJIEGUOZHONGSOUSUO,YISHIYONGGUANJIANCIGAOJIMOHUJIANSUO“CHANJIAORONGHE+YINGYONGXING”,JIEGUOXIANSHI:CONG2015NIANZHI2018NIANDEYANJIUWENXIANGONGJI153PIAN;ERSHIYONGGUANJIANZIGAOJIMOHUJIANSUO“CHANJIAORONGHE+YINGYONGXINGBENKE”,JIEGUOXIANSHI:CONG2015NIANZHI2018NIANDEYANJIUWENXIANGONGJI53PIAN。

湖北快3YOUJIANSUOJIEGUOKAN,GUANYUYINGYONGXINGRENCAIPEIYANGHEYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOYUCHANJIAORONGHEDEGUANXIYANJIUJIBENJIZHONGZAI2015NIANYIHOU,QIECONGGUANJIANCIDEJIANSUOJIEGUOFENXI,YINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOXIANGDUIYUZHIYEJIAOYUKAIZHANDECHANJIAORONGHEYANJIUQIBUGENGWAN,YANJIUXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO。ZHEIGEJIEGUOYEHEGUOJIATICHUDEDIFANGPUTONGGAOXIAOXIANGYINGYONGXINGZHUANXINGFAZHANDEYAOQIUSHIJIANDUIYING。WENXIANJIEGUOFENXIBIAOMING,WOGUOYINGYONGXINGBENKEGAOXIAOZAITUIJINCHANJIAORONGHEFANGMIANGANGGANGQIBU。

湖北快3CONGWENXIANYANJIUNEIRONGKAN,CHANJIAORONGHEDEXUESHUYANJIUZHUYAONEIRONGJIZHONGZAIHEZUOMOSHITANSUOJIQIYINGXIANGYINSUHEYIYIFANGMIAN,RULIUYOURONGDENG(2015NIAN)JIANGYINGYONGXINGBENKEYUANXIAODECHANJIAORONGHEANHEZUOPINLVGUINAWEI:YANFAMOSHI、GONGJIANMOSHI、XIANGMUQIANYINMOSHIHERENCAIPEIYANGYUJIAOLIUMOSHI[1];RAOLIJUAN(2018NIAN)RENWEIGAOXIAOCHANJIAORONGHEYUNYINGJIZHIDEJIANLIYUWANSHANSHICHANJIAORONGHECHENGGONGYUFOUDEGUANJIAN[2]。YOUDEXUEZHEFENXIWOGUOTAIWANDIQUKAIZHANXIAOQIHEZUODECHENGGONGJINGYAN,YIZIJIEJIAN,RULIYUFANG(2009NIAN)YANJIULEZHONGGUOTAIWANDIQU60NIANLAIXIAOQIHEZUODELISHIJINGYAN,JIANGZHONGGUOTAIWANDIQU24ZHONGXIAOQIHEZUODEMOSHIGUINAWEILIULEIMOSHI[3]。YOUDEXUEZHEFENXIGUOWAIJIZHIJIAOYUXIAOQIHEZUODEMOSHIHEGUANLIJINGYAN,RUMAZHENG(2012NIAN)YANJIULEAODALIYA、RIBEN、DEGUOZHIYEJIAOYUCHANJIAOJIEHEDEFALVBAOZHANG、SHISHIYUYUNXING,BIJIAOSANGEGUOJIAZAIZHENGFUZHENGCECENGMIAN、XINGYEXIEHUICENGMIANRUHECANYUXIAOQIHEZUODEQUANGUOCHENG[4]。YOUDEXUEZHEFENXILEWOGUOCHANJIAORONGHEZAISHIJIANGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTI,RUZHOUSHAOMEI(2018NIAN)YANJIURENWEIDANGQIANZHIYEJIAOYUCHANJIAORONGHEZHONGCUNZAIZHEZHENGFUTUILIBUZU、QIYEDONGLIBUZU、XINGYEZHIDAOZHINENGRUOHUA、QUEFAWANSHANDEZHIDUBAOZHANGDENGWENTI[5]。YUANJINGYU(2018NIAN)YANJIULEWOGUOGAODENGJIAOYUHECHANYEGUANXIDELISHIYANBIAN,CONGLISHICENGMIANSHANGJIEDUCHANJIAORONGHESHILISHIFAZHANLUOXUANSHANGSHENGDEXUYAO[6]。XIEZHIPINGDENG(2018NIAN)TONGGUOFENXIWOGUOZHIYEJIAOYUCHANJIAORONGHEDEYANJIUQINGKUANG,RENWEILILUNYANJIUCHENGGUOJIAODUO、SHIZHENGYANJIUCHENGGUOJIAOSHAO;DUICEJIANYIDEZHENDUIXING、KECAOZUOXINGBUQIANG,YANJIUSHIXIAOXINGBUGAO;BIJIAOYANJIUNEIRONGJIAOSHAO,JINGYAN“NALAIZHUYI”XIANXIANGJIAODUO[7]。SONGZHIMIN(2018NIAN)TICHULEPOJIECHANJIAORONGHENANTIDESHUANGZHUDAO、SHUANGZHUTI、SIQUDONGDENGTUJING。[8]CONGWENXIANFENXIJIAODUKAN,YANJIUZHUYAOSHIYIDUICHANJIAORONGHEDEWAIBUQIYEHEZHENGCEHUANJINGDEYANJIU、BIYAOXINGYANJIU、MOSHIYANJIUWEIZHU,SHEJIGAOXIAONEIBUTISHENGCHANJIAORONGHENENGLIDEYANJIUJIAOSHAO。ZAIGUOJIAQUANMIANZHONGSHICHANJIAORONGHEDEXINHUANJINGXIA,BENYANJIUSHITUTONGGUOWENXIANFENXIHEJIAOXUEGUANLISHIJIAN,FAXIANYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOZAICHANJIAORONGHEZHONGGUANHEWEIGUANCENGMIANCUNZAIDEWENTI,TICHUZUOWEICHANJIAORONGHEZHONGYAONEIBUZHUTIDEYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAO,RUHETONGGUONEIBUDIAOSHIJIFAGAOXIAONEIBUZHUTIDEZHUGUANNENGDONGXING,CUJINCHANYEYUGAOXIAORENCAIPEIYANGSHENDURONGHE。

应用型高校产教融合现状分析

湖北快3MUQIAN,YINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOBENKERENCAIPEIYANGMOSHIRENGCHUYUDINGGANGSHIXI、DINGDANPEIYANG、DUANQIPEIXUN、YINQIRUXIAODENGJIAODICENGCIDEXIAOQIHEZUOJIEDUAN,ZONGTILAIKAN,HEZHIYEJIAOYUKAIZHANJIAOZAODEOUZHOUFADAGUOJIAXIANGBI,ZHONGGUOGAOXIAOZAICHANJIAORONGHEJIANSHEYUGUANLIFANGMIANHAICUNZAIYIXIEWENTIYUBUZU。CHANJIAOSHENDURONGHEDEKUNNAN,CONGYUANXIAONEIBUZHUTIJIAODUKAN,DAGAICUNZAIYIXIAYIXIEWENTI:

1.高校对隐形环节的重视不足

CHANJIAORONGHESHIYIGESHEJIWAIBUQIYEZHUTI、XUEXIAONEIBUZHUTIDEDUOFANGLIYIXIANGGUANXINGDEXITONGXINGGONGCHENG。QIHEZUOXIAOGUOQUJUEYUHEZUODEWAIBUQIYEDELINIANHEPEIHEDUYIJIHEZUOYUANXIAONEIBUDEJIAOXUEGUANLIRENYUAN、GUANLIZHIDUHEJIAOSHI、XUESHENGDUICHANJIAORONGHEDERENSHIYUDONGLI。CHANJIAORONGHEDUIYUHEZUODEQIYEZHUTIERYAN,SHIFOUYOUZUGOUDEGONGWEI、RENYUANSHIFOUPEIHEXUEXIAODEJIAOYUJIAOXUEHUODONG,QUJUEYUQIYEFUWUSHEHUIDEYISHI、YIYUANJIJINGYINGZHUANGKUANGRUHE;DUIYUXUEXIAONEIBUGUANLIERYAN,XUESHENG、JIAOSHIWAICHUHUICHANSHENGHENDUODEBUQUEDINGYINSU、ZHIJIEDEGUANLIBUMEN,RUYUANXI、JIAOWUDENGBUMENYINWEIGUANLIZERENDEJIEDINGBUQING,YUANXIDENGZHIJIEKAIKEBUMENYINZERENZHONGDA、YUHEZUOQIYEGOUTONGLIANLUODENGXUYAODEGUANLICHENGBENGUOGAODENGYINSU,ZAOCHENGJIAOSHIYUGUANLIRENYUANDEJIJIXINGBUGAO。GAOXIAOZUOWEINEIBUZHUTI,CHANJIAORONGHEDEGUANLIGUOCHENG、SHISHIGUOCHENGHEZHILIANGPINGJIADENGHENNANBEIWAIBUJIANKONG,SHIGAOXIAONEIBUGUANLIDEYINXINGHUANJIE。YOUYUWAIBUJIANKONGHENNANDAOWEI,GAOXIAONEIBUWANGWANGDUIYINXINGHUANJIEDEZHONGSHICHENGDUBUZU,ZAOCHENGXIANYOUHENDUOYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAODECHANJIAORONGHELIUYUBIAOMIANHUONANYUZHANGJIUCHIXUKAIZHAN。

2.教育理念未形成共识

湖北快3ZAIGAODENGJIAOYUCONGJINGYINGJIAOYUZOUXIANGDAZHONGHUA、PUJIHUADEJINTIAN,GAODENGJIAOYUZHENGCHUYUXINDEGAIGEQI。GAOXIAOCONGGUANLICENGDAOJIAOSHIDESIXIANGGUANNIANYUSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANDEYAOQIU、JIAOYUZONGHEGAIGEDEYAOQIUHAICUNZAIYIDINGDEZHIHOU。GAIGEYUCHUANGXINDELINIAN、“SIGEHUIGUI”DELINIANHAIWEINENGZAIRENCAIPEIYANG、XUEXIAOGUANLI、ZHIDUJIANSHEDENGHUANJIEZHONGXINGCHENGYOUJIDEZHENGTI。DUIGAOXIAOSHISHICHANJIAORONGHEXIETONGYURENDELUJING、SHISHIFANGFADENGJIAOYULINIANDERENSHIHAIMEIYOUXINGCHENGGONGSHI,RENCAIPEIYANGHEJIGOUDEDINGCENGSHEJIBUZU、GOUTONGZHIXINGBUSHUNCHANG,DAOZHIGAOXIAOJIAOSHIQUEFACHANJIAOSHENDURONGHEDEJIJIXING。

3.产教融合涉及的内部利益不均衡

CHANYEYONGREN、XUEXIAOYUREN。YURENYUYONGRENYEJIAOZHIZHEZIBENTOURUHELIYIFENPEI,CONGLIYIGUANXIKAOCHA,CHANJIAORONGHEYESHILIYIQUDONGDEXINGWEI。QIYEDEXINGWEILIBUKAIJINGJIXIAOYI,YIXIEQIYEYOUJIANGDAOQIYECANYUSHIXISHIJIANDEYUANXIAOXUESHENGSHIWEILIANJIALAODONGLIDEQINGXIANG;XUEXIAOCHULEZHONGSHISHEHUIXIAOYIWAI,BUFENXUEXIAOZAICHANJIAORONGHEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YEYOUJIANGXUESHENGCANYUQIYESHENGCHANXINGWEIDESHENGCHANSHIXIDENGGUOCHENGLIYIHUADEQINGXIANG,RUJIANGXUESHENGDESHIXIFEIYONGDAZAIXUEXIAODEZHANGHUHUOJIAOSHIGERENZHANGHUZHONGDENGXINGWEI,YANZHONGNIUQULECHANJIAORONGHEDEHEZUOMUDE,YINGXIANGLEQIYEHEXUESHENGDEREQING。TONGSHI,CHANJIAORONGHEXUYAOJIAOSHIGENZONGQIYEJIAOXUEDEQUANGUOCHENG,FEISHIFEILI,JIAOSHIDERENTONGGANHEZERENXINFEICHANGZHONGYAO,ERXIANYOUGAOXIAODUIJIAOSHIZHONGSHIKEYAN、QINGSHIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGDEPINGJIAJIZHIDAOZHIJIAOSHIKAIZHANCHANJIAORONGHEDEREQINGYOUXIAN。CHANJIAORONGHESHEJIDELIYIPINGHENGWENTIDAOZHIGAOXIAOSHISHENGQUEFAJIJIXING。

4.符合企业应用要求的师生资源不足

YOUYUHENDUODIFANGGAOXIAOGANGGANGCONGPUTONGGAOXIAOZHUANWEIYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAO,YINGYONGXINGRENCAIPEIYANGMOSHIHEZIYUANJIANSHEHAICHUYUFAZHANDECHUQI,SHIZIDUIWUJIANSHE、KECHENGZHUANYEJIANSHE、SHIXUNPINGTAIJIANSHEDENGQIBUJIAOWAN,RENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANGBUGAO;TONGSHI,HENDUOYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOMEIYOUYANJIUSHENGJIAOYUZIYUAN,SHISHENGTUANDUIKAIZHANCHUANGXINYUJISHUYINGYONGYANJIUNENGLIZHIHOU,FUWUCHANYEJISHUGEXINYUFAZHANDENENGLIBUQIANG,NENGGOUWEIQIYETIGONGZHIJIELIYIDENENGLIYOUXIAN。

应用型高校推进产教融合的着力点

CUNZAIYINXINGHUANJIE、QUEFAJIAOYULINIAN、NEIBULIYIBUJUNHENG、SHISHENGZIYUANBUZUDENGSHIGAOXIAODINGCENGSHEJIZAIRICHANGGUANLIZHONGDEWENTICHENGXIAN。DINGCENGSHEJIBAOKUOGAOXIAODERENCAIPEIYANGDINGWEI、RENCAIPEIYANGMOSHIYIJIYUZHIXIANGSHIYINGDENEIBUJIGOUSHEZHI、ZIYUANPEIZHI、GUANLIZHIDUDENG。

1.以技术逻辑为基础做好人才培养和机构的顶层设计

RENCAIPEIYANGDEDINGCENGSHEJIBAOKUORENCAIPEIYANGMUBIAOHESHIXIANPEIYANGMUBIAODEPEIYANGMOSHI。YINGYONGXINGGAOXIAODERENCAIPEIYANGDINGWEIYUYINGYONGXING,RENCAIPEIYANGMOSHISHISHIXIANRENCAIPEIYANGMUBIAODEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。CHUANTONGGAOXIAORENCAIPEIYANGMOSHIYIXUEKEZHUANYEWEILUOJIJICHU,WOGUOYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOZAIZHUANXINGFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGHAIWEINENGCONGXUEKELUOJIDESIWEIZHONGZOUCHULAI。BENKEYINGYONGXINGRENCAIPEIYANGDETEDIANZHUYAOSHIZHIXIANGZHIYEDAIZHONGJISHUYUANYUGONGCHENGSHIDEJIAOCHAQUYU[9],MIANXIANGGONGCHENGYINGYONGJISHUHEGUANLIYIXIAN,JUYOUBUFENGONGCHENGSHIHEJISHUYUANDEGANGWEITEXING。YOUYUYINGYONGXINGRENCAIZHIJIEMIANXIANGZHIYEJISHUGANGWEIYIXIAN,ZHIDINGRENCAIPEIYANGFANGANBIXUKAOLVXIANGGUANCHANYE、XINGYEJISHUGANGWEIYAOQIUDEHEXINJISHUZHISHIYUNENGLIDEXUQIU,YIJISHULUOJIZUOWEIYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAORENCAIPEIYANGDINGCENGSHEJI,ZAIZHUANYESHEZHIFANGMIANYICHANYERENCAIJIEGOULAIJIANGOUZHUANYEQUN、SHEZHIJIAOXUEJIGOU。LIRU:SHUZIWENCHUANGCHANYEZHONGYIGECHANPINDEYANFAYIBANSHEJISANLEIJISHURENYUAN:SHUZICHANPINCEHUAYUYINGXIAORENYUAN、SHUZICHANPINYISHUSHEJIRENYUANHESHUZICHANPINHOUTAIJISHUZHICHIRENYUAN。ZAICHANPINKAIFAGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIZHEISANLEIRENYUANDEGOUTONGHEHEZUOYAOQIUHENGAO。ANJISHULUOJI,GAOXIAOXUJIANGZHEISANGEZHUANYEGOUJIANCHENGKUAXUEKEZHUANYEQUNHEKUAXUEKEYUANXI,ZAIKECHENGTIXISHEJIZHONG,XUSHEJISANGEZHUANYEDEHEZUOXIANGMU,XIANGMUDESHISHIYISANGEZHUANYEDEXUESHENGHESANGEZHUANYEDEJIAOSHIZUCHENGSHISHENGRONGHETUANDUI,DUANLIANXUESHENGDEKUAZHUANYE、KUALINGYUDEXIANGMUGOUTONGYUHEZUONENGLI。

2.四轮驱动,构建利益共赢机制

湖北快3GAOXIAODERENLIZIYUAN、CAILIZIYUANHEZHIDUZIYUANSHICHANJIAORONGHEDEJICHUZIYUAN。CONGGAOXIAODESHIJIQINGKUANGLAIKAN,CUNZAIRENLIZIYUANZHENGTISHUIPINGBUGAO、CAILIZIYUANTOURUBUZU、TIZHIJIZHIBUHELIDENGWENTI。CHANJIAORONGHESHIXIAOQIHEZUODESHENHUAGUOCHENG,ZUIZHONGBIRANHUIJUJIAODAOSHEJICHAN、JIAO、XUESANFANGLIYIDEZIYUANYOUHUAPEIZHIWENTISHANG。CHANJIAORONGHESHIDUOZHUTIHEZUO,SHEJIQISHIYEDANWEI、JIAOSHI、XUESHENGDENGHEZUOZHUTI,JINGUANSANGEZHUTIJIANLIYIQUXIANGBUTONG,DAN“LIYI”DEGANGGANZUOYONGRENGZAI[10]。GAOXIAOXUTONGGUOYOUHUAPEIZHINEIBUZIYUAN,FAHUIZHEIXIEZIYUANYAOSUDEHEZUOZUOYONG。

湖北快3YISHIYAOCHONGFENKAOLV“CHAN”FANGZAICHANJIAORONGHEXIETONGYURENZHONGFUCHUDEPINGTAIJIANSHETOURU、RENLIZIYUANCHENGBENHENENGHAOCHENGBEN[11],ZAIZHENGCEDEFUCHIHEZIJINDEZHICHIBUDAOWEIDEQINGKUANGXIA,GAOXIAOKEYICONGSHIYANSHIJIANSHEZHUANXIANGFEIYONG、QIYEDAOSHILAOWUFEIDENGFANGMIANJIYUYIDINGDEJINGFEIYUSUAN,RUKEYIHEQIYEXIESHANGQIYEGONGCHENGSHIMEIZHOUBANRIJINXIAOGONGZUOZHIDUHUOJIZHONGJINXIAOKAIZHANXIANGMUSHIJIANJIAOXUEDENG,XUEXIAOJIYUQIYEYIDINGDEFEIYONG。

湖北快3ERSHIYAOCHONGFENKAOLVJIAOSHITOURUCHANJIAORONGHEGONGZUODESHIJIFUCHU,CONGZHIDUSHANGJIANLIXIANGYINGDEJILICUOSHI。LIRU:JIAOSHIDAILINGXUESHENGJINQISHIYEDANWEIKAIZHANJIAOXUESHIJIANHUOJIANCHAXUESHENGDINGGANGSHIXIDEZHUANGKUANGDENGGONGZUO,XUEXIAOYAOZAIJIAOXUEGONGZUOLIANGZHIWAICHONGFENKAOLVJIAOSHIDEJIAOTONG、ZHUSUDENGBUTIE。YAOZAIPINGYOUPINGJIANG、ZHICHENGPINGPINDENGHUANJIEZHONGSHICHANJIAORONGHEGONGZUOZHONGJIAOSHIQUDEDECHENGGUOYIJILIJIAOSHITOURUGENGDUODEREQINGHEJINGLI。

湖北快3SANSHIQIANGHUAFUWULINIAN,YIFUWUXUESHENGDENENGLICHENGZHANGHEFUWUSHEHUIDEJINGJIJIANSHEJIFAZHANWEICHANJIAORONGHEDEXINGDONGJIDIAN[12],ZAICHANJIAORONGHEDEJIHUAHEANPAISHANG,CHUCHONGFENKAOLVQIYE、JIAOSHIDELIYIXUQIU,GENGYAOJINGXINSHEJIHAOSHIJIANJIAOXUEJIHUA,KAOLVXUESHENGDEANQUANYIJIJIYUXUESHENGYIXIEFEIYONGBUTIE。XUESHENGDELIYISUQIUDEDAOLEBAOZHANG,XUEXIDEJIJIXINGHEZHUDONGXINGHUIGENGJIAGAOZHANG。

SISHIZHIDINGKEXUEHELIDEGUANLIZHIDU。ZHINENGBUMENHEJIAOFUDANWEIYAOWANSHANYOULIYUSHENHUACHANJIAORONGHEDEGEZHONGGUIZHANGZHIDU,RUTUIJINCHANJIAORONGHEDESHISHIFANGAN、TUIJINCHANJIAORONGHEDEJINGFEISHIYONGGUANLIZHIDU、JIAOSHIKAIZHANCHANJIAORONGHEGONGZUODEJIXIAOKAOHEHEJILIZHIDUDENG。TIGAOFUWUYISHIYUFUWUSHUIPING,QIESHIBANGZHUJIAOXUEDANWEIJIEJUEHEZUOTIAOJIAN、SHIZIDUIWUJIANSHE、JIAOXUEYUKEYANDENGFANGMIANYUDAODENANTI。GAOXIAONEIBUZIYUANZUOWEIJICHUXINGZIYUANZHICHENGSHITUIJINCHANJIAORONGHEFAZHANDEZHONGYAODONGYIN。

3.强化专业“最后一里”

湖北快3ZHUANYE“ZUIHOUYILI”ZHIGAOXIAOZAIXUESHENGZAIXIAOZUIHOUYINIANKAISHEDEZHUANYEKECHENG。XUESHENGJIJIANGJINRUZHICHANG,XUYAOJINYIBUJIAQIANGZHIYEGANGWEIXUQIUDEZHUANYEHEXINYINGYONGNENGLI。KEYIJIEJIANDEGUODENGXIANJINDEZHIJIAOJINGYANHEKECHENGKAIFALINIAN,LIANHECHANYEJIESHUANGFANGGONGTONGWEIXUESHENGSHEJIKECHENGHESHOUKE,DATONGXUEXIAODAOZHICHANGDE“ZUIHOUYILI”。ZHEIBUFENKECHENGYOUQIYEJIEDEJISHUZHUANJIAJIANGSHOU,YISHIJIGONGCHENGANLIZHANKAIJIAOXUE,JIAOSHIYECANYUXUEXIHEFUDAO,SHIXUESHENGZAIQIANQIZHUANYEXUEXIDEJICHUSHANG,ZENGQIANGZONGHEYINGYONGNENGLI。KECHENGXIUXIWANBIHOU,XUESHENGYEKEYISHENQINGZHIYEZHENGSHURENDING,ZUOWEIJINRUZHICHANGDE“TONGXINGZHENG”。

4.双向融合,构建双师队伍

YOUYUCHUANTONGPUTONGGAOXIAOZHUANXINGWEIYINGYONGXINGGAOXIAODESHIJIANJIAODUAN,SHIZIDUIWUDEJISHUYINGYONGYUCHUANGXINDEYANJIUNENGLIBUQIANG;ERQIYEGONGCHENGSHISHIJIANDONGSHOUNENGLIHEJICHENGYINGYONGJISHUNENGLI,DUIXINJISHU、XINYETAIDEMINGANDUQIANG。DANGQIAN,HENDUOGAOXIAOYAOQIUJIAOSHIJINRUQIYEGONGZUOXUEXIYIDUANSHIJIAN,YIPEIYANGJIAOSHIDESHIJIANYINGYONGNENGLI,DANZHEIZHONGFANGSHIQUDEDEXIAOGUOYOUDAISHANGQUE。GAOXIAOKEGENJUZISHENZHUANYESHEZHIZHIDING“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIPEIYANGFANGXIANG,JIANGJIAOSHISONGDAOQIYENEIBUGONGCHENGSHIDENEIXUNKECHENGXUEXI,RUHUAWEI、ZHONGXINGDENGQIYEGONGCHENGSHINEIXUNKECHENG,QIYELIANMENGKAIZHANDERENGONGZHINENG、DASHUJU、YUNJISHU、SHENDUXUEXI、XUNIZHANSHIJISHUDENGXINJISHUPEIXUNXIANGMU,TISHENGJIAOSHIDECONGLILUNDAOSHIJIANDENENGLI。SHISHICHANYEJIAOSHI(DAOSHI)TESHEGANGWEIJIHUA,ZUJIANQIYEGONGCHENGSHI、JIAOSHIHEYOUXINGQUJIYANJIUNENGLIDEBENKESHENGSHISHENGTUANDUI,XIANGHUJINRUN,GONGTONGCHENGZHANG。YINGYONGXINGGAOXIAOZHIYOUHEQIYEZAIXINGCHENGJISHUJINENGCHUANGXINGONGTONGTIDEJICHUSHANG,XIAOQISHUANGFANGDERONGHEFAZHANCAINENGXINGCHENGLIANGXINGFAZHANTAISHI。(ZUOZHE:XIASUXIA,DANWEI:BEIJINGYOUDIANDAXUESHIJIXUEYUAN)

BENWENXIBEIJINGSHIJIAOYANJIJINXIANGMU“MINBANPUTONGGAODENGXUEXIAOYINGYONGXINGGONGCHENGRENCAIPEIYANGMOSHIYANJIUYUSHIJIAN”(XIANGMUBIANHAO:2015-ms201)JIEDUANXINGCHENGGUO

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[2]RAOLIJUAN.GAOXIAOCHANJIAORONGHEYUNYINGJIZHICUNZAIDEMANGQUYUTUPO[J].ZHONGGUOCHENGRENJIAOYU,2018(12):45-48.

湖北快3[3]LIYUFANG.TAIWANDIQUJIZHIJIAOYUXIAOQIHEZUOMOSHIYANJIU[J].JIAOYUYUZHIYE,2009(36):18-21.

湖北快3[4]MAZHENG.DE、RI、AOZHIYEJIAOYUCHANJIAOJIEHE、XIAOQIHEZUODEBIJIAOYANJIU[J].JIAOYUYUZHIYE,2012(33):20-23.

[5]ZHOUSHAOMEI.CHANYEZHUANXINGSHENGJISHIJIAOXIAZHIYEJIAOYUCHANJIAORONGHEDEZHENGJIEYUPOJIE[J].JIAOYUYUZHIYE,2018(2):8-14.

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[8]SONGZHIMIN.SHENHUACHANJIAORONGHE、XIAOQIHEZUODE“SHUANGZHUDAOSHUANGZHUTISIQUDONG”MOSHITANXI[J].GAODENGZHIYEJIAOYU(TIANJINZHIYEDAXUEXUEBAO),2018,27(3):36-41.

[9]SONGKEHUI,TIANSHENGHUI,PENGQINGWEN.YINGYONGXINGRENCAIDEZHISHI、NENGLI、SUZHIJIEGOUJIQIPEIYANG[J].GAODENGJIAOYUYANJIU,2012,33(7):94-98.

[10]QIUKAIJIN.KOUZHULIYIDUOYINGZHEIGE“MINGMAI”[N].ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO,2016-09-27(6).

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[12]JIANGDAYUAN.GAOXIAOYAOTISHENGSHENDUCANYUCHANJIAORONGHEDENENGLI[J].ZHONGGUOGAODENGJIAOYU,2018(2):23-24.

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